5.Pros and Cons

The creation of designer babies is often questioned due to the moral and ethical dilemmas surrounding it. People frequently wonder if parents have the right reasons for modifying their child or if their reasoning is superficial. Others argue that the possibility to prevent/reduce the risk of genetic diseases outweighs  the moral implications.
Pros
  • Prevents genetic diseases such as Down Syndrome, Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s Disease, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, and many others.
  • Reduces risk of inherited medical conditions such as obesity, anemia, diabetes, cancer, and many more.
  • Allows parents to give their child a better shot at a healthy lifestyle.
  • Genetically engineering babies is an option, not a requirement for all parents.
  • Children are already engineered by parents in many ways. Prenatal supplements, education, religion, and morals are all ways parents alter their child.
  • Parents would be able to set their own limits for genetically engineering their baby.
  • A complete ban will cause people to seek out unauthorized geneticists  or go overseas to receive treatment.
  • The Government does not have the right to control reproduction.
  • Some environmental factors are inevitable so preventative measures should be taken as well.
  • Ethical view points should not cease the advancement of technology.
Cons
  • The technology used is only in the experimental stages at this point.
  • This technology may be used for superficial purposes such as purposely selecting eye or hair color.
  • A gap in society could be created. This could create classes that distinguish designer babies from those that are not.
  • it is unknown how genetically modifying babies will affect the gene pool. Most people will choose to have good-looking, intelligent babies which could lead to a lack of genetic diversity. A lack of genetic diversity has been shown to lead to defects and other problems.
  • An embryo cannot consent to having its body altered.
  • Genes often have more than one use. Therefore altering a gene could have adverse or even fatal effects.
  • Other children in the family could be impacted by the parent's decision.
  • The process of genetically engineering a child is expensive.
  • Current techniques of genetic modification introduce genes at random places in the genome, which could disrupt the function of another gene crucial for survival.
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