Sci/SS Standards

Science

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE
Topic: Sun, Energy and Weather
This topic focuses on the sun as a source of energy and energy changes that occur to land, air and water.

Lessons Focus on:1. The sun is the principal source of 
energy.
Sunlight warms Earth’s land, air and water. The amount of exposure to sunlight affects the amount of warming or cooling of air, water and land.

2. The physical properties of water 
can change.
These changes occur due to changing energy. Water can change from a liquid to a solid and from a solid to a liquid. Weather observations can be used to examine the property changes of water.

LIFE SCIENCE
Topic: Basic Needs of Living Things
This topic focuses on the physical needs of living things in Ohio. Energy from the sun or food, nutrients, water, shelter and air are some of the physical needs of living things.

Lessons Focus on:
3. Living things have basic needs,
which are met by obtaining 
materials from the physical 
environment.
Living things require energy, water and a 
particular range of temperatures in their 
environments. 
Plants get energy from sunlight. Animals 
get energy from plants and other 
animals 
Living things acquire resources from the 
living and nonliving components of the 
environment.

4. Living things survive only in environments that meet their needs.
Resources are necessary to meet the needs of an individual and populations of individuals. Living things interact with their physical environments as they meet those needs. Effects of seasonal changes within the local environment directly impact the availability of resources.

PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Topic: Motion and Materials
This topic focuses on the changes in properties that occur in objects and materials. Changes of position of an object are a result of pushing or pulling.

Lessons Focus on:
5. Properties of objects and materials can change.
Objects and materials change when exposed to various conditions, such as heating or freezing. Not all materials change in the same way. Changes in temperature are a result of changes in energy.

6. Objects can be moved in a variety of ways, such as straight, zigzag, circular and back and forth.
The position of an object can be described by locating it relative to another object or to the object’s surroundings. An object is in motion when its position is changing. The motion of an object can be affected by pushing or pulling. A push or pull is a force that can make an object move faster, slower or go in a different direction. Changes in motion are a result of changes in energy.
https://education.ohio.gov/getattachment/Topics/Ohios-Learning-Standards/Science/ScienceStandards.pdf.aspx



Social Studies  

HISTORY  :HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS HERITAGE
1. Time can be divided into categories (e.g., months of the year,
past, present and future).
2. Photographs, letters, artifacts and books can be used to learn 
about the past.
3. The way basic human needs are met has changed over time.

GEOGRAPHY: SPATIAL THINKING AND SKILLS PLACES AND REGIONS HUMAN SYSTEMS
4. Maps can be used to locate and identify 
places.
5. Places are distinctive because of their 
physical characteristics (landforms 
and bodies of water) and human 
characteristics (structures built by people).
6. Families interact with the physical environment 
differently in different times and places.
7. Diverse cultural practices address basic human 
needs in various ways and may change over time.

GOVERNMENT: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS RULES AND LAWS
8. Individuals are accountable for their actions.
9. Collaboration requires group members to respect the rights and 
opinions of others.
10. Rules exist in different settings. The principles of fairness should guide rules 
and the consequences for breaking rules.

ECONOMICS: SCARCITY PRODUCTION AND 
CONSUMPTION, 
MARKETS AND FINANCIAL LITERACY
11. Wants are unlimited and 
resources are limited.
Therefore, people make 
choices because they cannot 
have everything they want.
12. People produce and 
consume goods and 
services in the community.
13. People trade to obtain goods and 
services they want.
14. Currency is used as a means of 
economic exchange.
https://education.ohio.gov/getattachment/Topics/Ohio-s-New-Learning-Standards/Social-Studies/SS-Standards.pdf.aspx