Welcome to Jakarta- Selamat Datang ke
Jakarta ( /dʒəˈkɑrtə/), officially known as the Special
Capital Territory of Jakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota
Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Located on the northwest coast of Java, Jakarta is the country's economic, cultural
and political centre, and with a population of over 9,000,000, it is the most
populous city in
Indonesia and in Southeast Asia, and is the thirteenth-largest
the world. The urban area, known as Jabodetabek, is the second
the world. Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities
Study Group and Network (GaWC) research. and has an area of 661 square kilometres (255
Established in the fourth century, the
city became an important trading port for the Kingdom of Sunda. It was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies (when it was known as "Batavia")
and has continued as the capital of Indonesia since the country's independence
was declared in 1945.
The city is the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat. Jakarta is served by the Soekarno-Hatta
International Airport, Halim
Perdanakusuma International Airport, and Tanjung Priok Harbour; it is connected by several intercity and commuter railways, and served by several bus lines running on reserved busways.
is primarily a city of government and business. It is seldom viewed as a centre
for tourism other than the old part of the city which is a popular tourist
destination. However the
Jakarta authority saw the opportunity to develop the city's reputation as a
service and tourism city. There are many new tourism infrastructures,
entertainment centers, and international-class hotels and restaurants being
built in Jakarta. Jakarta also possesses many historical places and cultural
stands at the center of Merdeka
the central park of the city. Near the national monument stands a Mahabharata themed Arjuna
Wijaya chariot statue and fountain. Further south through Jalan Thamrin, the
main avenue of Jakarta, the "Selamat Datang" (welcome) statue stands
on the fountain in the center of Hotel Indonesia roundabout. Other landmarks
include the Istiqlal Mosque, the Jakarta
and the West Irian Liberation
monument. The Wisma 46 building in Central
is currently the highest building in Jakarta and Indonesia. Tourist attractions
Mini Indonesia Indah, Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta
and the Ancol Dreamland complex on
Jakarta Bay, including Dunia
theme park, Sea World, Atlantis Water Adventure, and Gelanggang Samudra.
Mal Taman Anggrek, one of the
largest shopping malls in Indonesia, is located in Jakarta.
of the visitors attracted to Jakarta are domestic tourists from all over
Indonesia, the majority of them from the neighboring provinces of West Java, Banten, Lampung, and Central
As the gateway of Indonesia, Jakarta often serves as the stop-over for foreign
visitors on their way to Indonesian popular tourist destinations such as Bali and Yogyakarta. Most foreign
visitors from the neighboring ASEAN countries; such as Malaysia and
Singapore, visit Jakarta (to some extent also include Bandung) for shopping
purposes, since the city is famous for its cheap but fair quality products,
especially textiles, craft and fashion products.
is sprawling with numerous malls, shopping centers, and traditional markets. At
the end of June 2011, there were 68 malls and trade centers across Jakarta and
the Governor planned to suspend permits for new commercial centers with
footprints bigger than 5,000 square meters since 2012. Jakarta shopping malls with areas in
excess of 100,000 metres square, include Grand Indonesia, Pacific
Place Jakarta, Plaza Indonesia and Plaza
Pasaraya, Pondok Indah Mall, Mal
Taman Anggrek, Mal Kelapa Gading, Mal
Artha Gading, and Mall of Indonesia. Other smaller
but popular malls are Sarinah Thamrin, Ratu Plaza, Atrium Senen,
Mall Ambassador and Pasar Festival. Traditional markets include Blok M, Tanah Abang, Senen, Pasar Baru, Glodok, Mangga Dua,
Cempaka Mas, and Jatinegara. In Jakarta
there is also a market that sells used goods, such as Surabaya Street and
National Monument in the center of Medan Merdeka Park
Lapangan Banteng (Buffalo Field Park) is located in Central Jakarta near the Istiqlal
and the Jakarta Central Post Office. It is about 4.5 hectares. Initially it was
called Waterlooplein of Batavia and functioned as the ceremonial square during
colonial period. A number of colonial monuments and memorials erected on the
square during the colonial period were demolished during the Sukarno era. The
most notable monument in the square is the Monumen Pembebasan Irian Barat
(Monument of the Liberation of West Irian). During the 1970s and 1980s the park
was used as a bus terminal. In 1993 the park was turned into a public space
again. It has become a recreation place for people and is occasionally also
used as an exhibition place or for other events. The Jakarta
Flona (Flora dan Fauna), the flower and decoration plants and pet exhibition,
is held in this park around August annually.
Mini Indonesia Indah (Miniature Park of Indonesia), in East
has 10 mini parks. But the most popular is The Bird Park or Aviary is the
Spherical Bird Aviary>
Bird Park Taman
Mini Indonesia Indah.
Suropati is located in Menteng city subdistrict
in Central Jakarta. The park is surrounded by several Dutch colonial buildings.
Taman Suropati was known as Burgemeester Bisschopplein during the Dutch
colonial time. The park is circular shaped with a surface area of 16,322 m2.
There are several modern statues in the park made by artists of the ASEAN countries, which
contributes to the nickname of the park "Taman persahabatan seniman
ASEAN" ("Park of the ASEAN artists friendship"). Also located in
the Menteng area are the Taman Menteng and Situ Lembang pond parks. The Taman
Menteng was built on the former Persija soccer Stadium.
Monas (Monas Park) or Taman Medan Merdeka (Medan Merdeka Park) is a huge square
where the symbol of Jakarta, Monas or Monumen Nasional (National
Monument) is located. The enormous space was created by Dutch Governor General
Herman Willem Daendels (1810) and was
originally named Koningsplein (Kings Square). On 10 January 1993, President
Soeharto initiated action for the beautification of the square. Several
features in the square are a deer park and 33 trees that represent the 33
provinces of Indonesia.
June 2011, Jakarta has only 10.5 percent Ruang Terbuka Hijau (Green Open Space)
Public Parks are included in the Public Green Open Space. By 2030, the
administration hope that there will be 16 percent Green Open Space.