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Newton Arms Co.

     Charles Newton's family portrait in 1907
     original photo courtesy of Grace Newton

The first Newton factory operated at 442 Niagara. There were several other locations to be noted 74-78 Jewett, 7 Brewster, and a Black Rock location (exact address not yet known). It's interesting to note that both the Jewett and Brewster locations were less than 4 blocks from Emil Flues home on Victoria.
 Newton himself held at least six US patents and had at least two pending at the time of his death.



Newton rifle collectors seem to prefer the rifles that were made in Buffalo. Model variations have not been properly sorted out yet. Some rifles have two sets of serial numbers. Some of the very best Newton rifles were final assembled in Utica NY and downtown Buffalo (after the company on Jewett Pkwy closed) by final assembler Emil Flues. Aside from the German produced Newtons, every good Newton rifle ever produced went across the bench of Emil Flues. 














Chet Bickers holding a full stocked factory Newton rifle
Bickers was Newton Arms test department





some of Charles Newton's personal utility guns



Newton Arms incorporated in early August of 1914.



Lynn Hakes (Savage)
Percy Cummings (Savage)
Frank Lankes (Buffalo)
were checkerers. 

John Spittler (Savage) was
foreman of the stock making 
department. Spittler was also the principal engraver until his return to Savage. At that time Lynn Hakes took over as engraver. Mr. Spittler joined with Newton Arms in February 1916.
 
Bill Langley ran the tool crib.

Most everyone on the Machine floor was from Savage arms with the exception of the machineshop foreman Kegler who was a local worker.

Another known employee was 
Anthony W. Moore of Buffalo
What department he worked
for is still unknown.
  
Charles Newton was born in Delevan, NY and is buried in Yorkshire only a few miles away.
Newton's rifle and cartridge designs have led him to be known as "The Father of High Velocity". A book of that title was written by author Bruce Jennings of Sheridan Wyoming. Newton's technology spread across the world to every producer of high powered sporting rifles within a few decades. There were no patent wars. Every manufacturer who adopted his techniques did so without crediting Newton.





      


 
The original leverbolt rifle (most likely produced by Emil Flues, Newtons "model Maker") 

There is some evidence that some of the first experimental Newton Rifles where built on Springfield, Mauser, Remington, Stevens, and Martini actions. 



           




    



          

 It's estimated that 
approximately
    
  3,900 Newton rifles have been
  manufactured in all.  It's my 
  opinion that over 3000 were
  manufactured in Buffalo NY. 


   Approximately 
       62% were in .256 Newton
       18% were in .30 Newton
       13% were in .30 USG
         5% were in .35 Newton
          2% in other calibers like 
                .22 Newton .270 Newton
                25.06 .33 Newton






          
    




   

   Most of Newton Arms employees
   came  down the Grand canal 
   from Savage Arms. Some were
   from Ithaca Gun Co, Remington,
   and Lefever. Many were local but
   most were not.  Perhaps the
   most famous was engraver J J
   Lankes, whose association with 
   artist Robert Frost, made him 
   more famous than Charles Newton, Harry Pope, Emil Flues
 and Fred Adolph put together.  JJ 
Lankes worked as a draftsman and even drew up the patent drawings for Newton and possibly Flues.  Emil Flues was Newtons "model maker/final inspector/ assembler. Flues brought great fame to Ithaca Gun Co.  Within 5 years of Ithaca's "Flues model" production, the little gun company had captured so much of the American double marketshare that Parker Gun Co was facing economic ruin and was forced to introduce the far less expensive "Trojan" model. As was Hunter Arms, who responded with the Fulton boxlock, and A H Fox with the sterlingworth. Within a few years of the Ithaca Flues model, Remington completely dropped out of the double market and concentrated on the autoloading shotgun. Perhaps Newton thought Flues could bring some of that magic to his company. 

Jesse Ashby of Buffalo was the tool room foreman.

Chet Bickers of Buffalo was the proof test foreman. I've been told that Bickers broke his shoulder twice test firing the big bore Newton Rifles.

Harry Pope, famous barrel maker played a role with the barrel making/rifling machine.

Ben Langdon (Savage) was a manager.

Harry Moran was the stock finisher.

Benjamin F. Langdon, superintendent of the Savage 
cartridge department in Utica is recruited to work for Newton 
Arms 
in 1916 where it is 
assumed 
that he ran the cartridge 
department there as Mr. Langdon was instrumental in the
 development  of manufacture  of the 250.3000 cartridge production.
 On an unrelated side note, both 
Ben Langdon  and Charles 
Newton also moonlighted as expert witnesses in court trials.