In Genesis we see the ruin of man as a result
of listening to the serpent rather than to God. The human race is condemned to
sin's awful wage-death. Yet through the mercy and grace of God comes the promise
of redemption through the seed of the woman, through the seed of Abraham, as God
calls out a people for Himself. God makes a covenant with Abraham, which He
confirms to Isaac and then to Jacob, later to be renamed Israel.
The book of Genesis begins with the creation
of man in Eden and ends with the children of Israel looking into a coffin in
Egypt, yet not without a promise that someday they would leave Egypt. As Genesis
comes to close, the children of Israel are living in Egypt rather than Canaan,
the land of promise.
Exodus plays out the drama of redemption as
Israel is redeemed from slavery through the blood of Passover lamb. Aster the
descendants of Abraham were enslaved and oppressed for 400 years, just as God
promised, they left Egypt with great possessions, and God went before them in
His cloud of glory.
And what follows the redemption of ruined
man? That is what the book of Leviticus is all about. Study it well, for
Leviticus shows us in pictorial from what God expects from those who have been
How to Study Leviticus
As you read Leviticus watch for the verses that
attribute the authorship of this book to Moses. When you come across those
references, record them under "Author" on the Structure of Leviticus
Read Exodus 40:17, 32-38 and Leviticus 1:1-2 and
note the uninterrupted transition from one book to the other. Then compare
Numbers 1:1 with these verses. As you do this you will see that the book of
Leviticus covers a period of one month,
As you read through Leviticus one chapter at a
time, do the following:
Ask the "5 W's and an H": Who? What? When?
Where? Why? and How? For example: Who is do what? When are they to do it? How
are they to do it? Why? What if they didn't know why? Questions that interrogate
the text help you see what is being said.
Mark the key repeated words: the Lord spoke to
Moses saying, offering, tabernacle (ten of meeting), fat, law, restitution,
sacrifice, anoint, sin (iniquity), death (die), blood, atonement, consecrate,
holy, covenant, land (when it refers to that given by God), sabbath, jubilee.
You will find it helpful to list these key words on an index card that you can
use as a bookmark while you study Leviticus. Also watch for any other key words
that might be used in that particular chapter. If you gain insights from marking
these words, list pertinent insights in your notebook.
Record the main theme or subject of the chapter
on Structure of Leviticus.
You may want to summarize the main points or the
order of events covered in the chapter.
Record any new insights about the character and
ways of God. You could identify your insights on God with this symbol ∆ and then
color it yellow, which would make it easy to recognize.
As you read chapter 1 through 7, which give
instructions regarding the various sacrifices or offerings, mark the text as
instructed under "General Instructions" and then record what you learn about
each of the offerings on the chart The "Offerings and their Purposes"
Watch what God says about unintentional sin,
guilt, and restitution. Note what is to be done when a leader sins and when the
congregation sins. Mark in the text.
This segments covers the consecration of
Aaron and his sons. Add ordination, eat, clean, and unclean to your key word
list. In chapter 10 note what happened, why it happened, and who was involved.
Chapter 10 has the first reference in the Bible to God's holiness.
This segment deals with laws of
cleanliness. In the margin record what each law covers. For example: food,
women, infections, etc. mark leprosy and discharge as key words.
These chapters cover the day of atonement and
regulations regarding the blood of the sacrifice.
In the margin of chapter 16 or in your notebook
carefully outline what is to be done on the day of atonement. Note what you
learn about scapegoat.
Note the regulations in chapter 17 regarding
sacrifices and blood.
This segment lays out status on issues
regarding moral laws, the priests, the celebration of annual feast, the land,
As you read chapter, in the margin list the main
topics or situations.
In moral laws are given, note the consequences of
breaking the laws and the reason for the consequences.
In chapter 23 note the feasts, when they are to
be celebrated, and how. When you finish studying the chapter, consult chart
chart The Feasts of Israel.
Give special attention to any mention of the
land-its sabbath rest, principles of redemption, etc. Mark the words redeem,
redemption, and any other related words. Record your insights in the margin or
in your notebook.
When you finish reading through Leviticus,
complete Structure of Leviticus.
See if any of the chapters can be grouped
categorically. If so, record this under "Segment Divisions" on the chart. Record
any other possible segment divisions. For instance, you could do a segment
division titled "Law Regarding."
Application of Leviticus
What have you learned about God and His
attitude toward sin? What happens when sin goes unpunished?
What have you learned about the occult and about
the types of sexual sin? How severely were these sins to be deal with? What does
this tell you about how God feels regarding these sins and their consequences?
What do you think would happen un your country if these sins were dealt with
according to God's law? Read 1 Timothy 1:8-11.
Jesus told the Jews that the Scripture-the Old
Testament-testified of Him. Think about how Jesus Christ and His work are
foreshadowed in Leviticus.
What have you learned about holiness from
Leviticus? If you want to be holy, how will you live your life? Are there any
changes you need to make? Are you willing? If not why not?
Key Words in the NIV and KJV
|NASB key words
|| NIV related
|| NASB key words
||-infectious skin disease