Leviticus
27 Chapters, 859 verses, 24,546 words.

 

   In Genesis we see the ruin of man as a result of listening to the serpent rather than to God. The human race is condemned to sin's awful wage-death. Yet through the mercy and grace of God comes the promise of redemption through the seed of the woman, through the seed of Abraham, as God calls out a people for Himself. God makes a covenant with Abraham, which He confirms to Isaac and then to Jacob, later to be renamed Israel.

    The book of Genesis begins with the creation of man in Eden and ends with the children of Israel looking into a coffin in Egypt, yet not without a promise that someday they would leave Egypt. As Genesis comes to close, the children of Israel are living in Egypt rather than Canaan, the land of promise.

    Exodus plays out the drama of redemption as Israel is redeemed from slavery through the blood of Passover lamb. Aster the descendants of Abraham were enslaved and oppressed for 400 years, just as God promised, they left Egypt with great possessions, and God went before them in His cloud of glory.

    And what follows the redemption of ruined man? That is what the book of  Leviticus is all about. Study it well, for Leviticus shows us in pictorial from what God expects from those who have been redeemed.     

 

 

 

 

How to Study Leviticus

 

General Instruction

  1. As you read Leviticus watch for the verses that attribute the authorship of this book to Moses. When you come across those references, record them under "Author" on the Structure of Leviticus chat.

  2. Read Exodus 40:17, 32-38 and Leviticus 1:1-2 and note the uninterrupted transition from one book to the other. Then compare Numbers 1:1 with these verses. As you do this you will see that the book of Leviticus covers a period of one month,

  3. As you read through Leviticus one chapter at a time, do the following:

    1.   Ask the "5 W's and an H": Who? What? When? Where? Why? and How? For example: Who is do what? When are they to do it? How are they to do it? Why? What if they didn't know why? Questions that interrogate the text help you see what is being said.

    2. Mark the key repeated words: the Lord spoke to Moses saying, offering, tabernacle (ten of meeting), fat, law, restitution, sacrifice, anoint, sin (iniquity), death (die), blood,  atonement, consecrate, holy, covenant, land (when it refers to that given by God), sabbath, jubilee.  You will find it helpful to list these key words on an index card that you can use as a bookmark while you study Leviticus. Also watch for any other key words that might be used in that particular chapter. If you gain insights from marking these words, list pertinent insights in your notebook.

    3. Record the main theme or subject of the chapter on Structure of Leviticus.

    4. You may want to summarize the main points or the order of events covered in the chapter. 

    5. Record any new insights about the character and ways of God. You could identify your insights on God with this symbol ∆ and then color it yellow, which would make it easy to recognize.   

    Chapter 1-7

  4. As you read chapter 1 through 7, which give instructions regarding the various sacrifices or offerings, mark the text as instructed under "General Instructions" and then record what you learn about each of the offerings on the chart The "Offerings and their Purposes"

  5. Watch what God says about unintentional sin, guilt, and restitution. Note what is to be done when a leader sins and when the congregation sins. Mark in the text.

         Chapter 8-10

    This segments covers the consecration of Aaron and his sons. Add ordination, eat, clean, and unclean to your key word list. In chapter 10 note what happened, why it happened, and who was involved. Chapter 10 has the first reference in the Bible to God's holiness.

    

        Chapter 11:15

       This segment deals with laws of cleanliness. In the margin record what each law covers. For example: food, women, infections, etc. mark leprosy and discharge as key words.

        Chapter 16-17

    These chapters cover the day of atonement and regulations regarding the blood of the sacrifice.

  1. In the margin of chapter 16 or  in your notebook carefully outline what is to be done on the day of atonement. Note what you learn about scapegoat. 

  2. Note the regulations in chapter 17 regarding sacrifices and blood.

        Chapters 18-27

    This segment lays out status on issues regarding moral laws, the priests, the celebration of annual feast, the land, etc.

  1. As you read chapter, in the margin list the main topics or situations.

  2. In moral laws are given, note the consequences of breaking the laws and the reason for the consequences.

  3. In chapter 23 note the feasts, when they are to be celebrated, and how. When you finish studying the chapter, consult chart chart The Feasts of Israel.

  4. Give special attention to any mention of the land-its sabbath rest, principles of redemption, etc. Mark the words redeem, redemption, and any other related words. Record your insights in the margin or in your notebook.

  5. When you finish reading through Leviticus, complete Structure of Leviticus.

    1. See if any of the chapters can be grouped categorically. If so, record this under "Segment Divisions" on the chart. Record any other possible segment divisions. For instance, you could do a segment division titled "Law Regarding."

 

   


Application of Leviticus

 

  1.     What have you learned about God and His attitude toward sin? What happens when sin goes unpunished?

  2. What have you learned about the occult and about the types of sexual sin? How severely were these sins to be deal with? What does this tell you about how God feels regarding these sins and their consequences? What do you think would happen un your country if these sins were dealt with according to God's law? Read 1 Timothy 1:8-11.

  3. Jesus told the Jews that the Scripture-the Old Testament-testified of Him. Think about how Jesus Christ and His work are foreshadowed in Leviticus.

  4. What have you learned about holiness from Leviticus? If you want to be holy, how will you live your life? Are there any changes you need to make? Are you willing? If not why not?

 


 

Key Words in the NIV and KJV

 

NASB key words  NIV related words  NASB key words KJV related words
-leprosy -infectious skin disease -offering
-atonement

-holy
-restitution
-census
-oblation
-reconcile, reconciliation
-glorified, hallowed
-amends, restore 
-sum

  

Notes

 Introduction   Jesus Christ in the Sacrifices  Leviticus reading
 The Offerings and their Propose  Atonement Foreshadow