KOMODO NATIONAL PARK

Imagine if one day of your lifetime, you have a chance to explore the natural spectacle to make your way to the world’s natural heritage Komodo National Park Indonesia. The mighty environs of the Indonesia’s National Park, the only one in the world attracts the visitors and the researchers alike to see and to study the giant lizards of Komodo, the Mosasaurus komodoensis. Despite its marquee looks, this natural hub has a natural beauty and livable charm.

Despite the seemingly sparse exterior of Komodo Natioanl Park, a wealth of interesting flora and fauna inhabit both the land and waters of the Park. Komodo National Park captured worldwide attention, not only as the home to the world’s largest lizard, but also for the incredible marine diversity found in the rich, current-swept reefs and open water surrounding the park.


Map of Komodo National Park (Komodo Island and Rinca Island)

Komodo National Park is located between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores in the Lesser Sunda Islands of East Indonesia. The Park belongs to the Province of East Nusa Tenggara. This National Park was established in 1980, it was also declared a World Heritage Site and A Man Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986, and it was chosen as one of the new seven natural wonders in 2013, that covers the land and the marine areas to protect the endangered Komodo dragons and their environment, as well as the biodiversity of the Islands.

The Park covers 1,817 square kilometers of land and waters of the islands of Komodo, Rinca, Gili Mota, Padar, and Nusa Kode included the small islands surrounding. Komodo Island is approximately 37 km long and 22 km wide, Rinca Island is approximately 24 km long and 21 km wide, Padar Island is about 8 km long and 2 km wide, Gili Mota is about 10 km², and Nusa Kode is about 7 km².   Komodo National Park lies in the heart of “Wallacea”, the region resulted from two continents colliding together to form a unique set of volcanic islands that contain a mixture of both Australian and Asian birds and animal.

GEOLOGY

The islands of Komodo National Park are generally young, oceanic volcanic islands that are constantly changing by rising, eroding, and subsiding into the sea. West Komodo was probably the first to form from volcanic activity in the Jurassic era about 130 to 134 million years ago. East Komodo, along with Padar and Rinca are younger and probably emerged in the Eocene era about 49 million years ago. Most of Komodo Island is made of masses of volcanic rock flanked by the sandstone and conglomerates of limestone, sandy shale, and clay. Eastern Komodo islands, Padar and Rinca are mainly very steep hills of limestone from fossilized coral.

The highest point in Komodo Island is Gunung Satalibo at 735 meters above sea level. There are no active volcanoes in the park although the islands are located in one of the world’s most active volcanic belts. Tremors from the volcanic belt are common. The closest active volcanic is Gili Banta just 10 km west of Komodo Island, a submarine volcano that last erupted in 1957. Gunung Sangeang Api located northwest of Komodo Island last erupted in 1996 and still venting from the northern park.

Komodo Island 

Rinca Island

CLIMATE

Komodo Dragons live in one of the driest areas of Indonesia where there are few permanent water sources. Different temperatures and humidity during the year will influence the Komodo dragon’s choice of habitat and range. The climate in the Park is strongly influenced by the monsoon winds and the amount of moisture they bring in, that make the annual rainfall less than 800mm. The highest annual temperature in the Park is 43 degrees Celsius, and the lowest is 17 degrees Celsius. November in the hottest month of the year. The hottest part of the day is the early afternoon. Komodo dragons seek shade and rest when the temperature is too warm.

Komodo Dragon


Boats for Komodo National Park 


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