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English I Literary Devices to Master

 imagery
 language that describes something in detail using words to engage the senses
 denotation the literal, dictionary definition of a word
 connotation the meaning of a word with emotional or societal associations
 apostrophe a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead, or something non-human is addresses as if it were alive and present and able to reply
 situational irony
 what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected to happen
 dramatic irony
 the reader knows something about the character's situation that the character doesn't know
 verbal irony
 what is said is often the opposite of what is meant; sarcasm is the mean-spirited form of verbal irony
 analogy
 a comparison between one less familiar item and one more familiar item in order to increase understanding
 paradox a statement or idea that seems self-contradictory but in reality exposes a truth
 epithet
 a word or phrase applied to or associated with a person or thing which describes an actual or attributed quality
 epic an extended narrative poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, and heroic deeds and written in a grand or majestic style
 theme the main idea or message of a literary work
 myth a traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event that is unproven or fictitious; sometimes used to explain or justify the unexplainable


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