Romans Lesson 7: Relationships and Submission: Romans 12 & 13

posted Sep 13, 2014, 1:04 AM by Media Ministry   [ updated Dec 2, 2014, 4:36 PM ]




A Religion of Relationships (Romans 12) 

In vv1-2, he describes what it means to love God with all of our hearts, souls, minds and strength.

       In vv3-8, he describes how to love (view) ourselves.

       In vv9-21, he describes what it means to love our neighbors (in the church and out of the church).

 Our Relationship with God (vv1-2)

(vv1-2) Our motivation:  God’s mercies.

       Our worship:  Living sacrifices (7/24 disciples); reason, not ritual.

       Our focus in this relationship.

      We are transformed, not conformed (metamorphoo -- to change to another form. See Matthew 17:2 and 2 Corinthians 3:18).

      We are able to discern his will for us - understand our gifts and roles in the body.

Our Relationship with Ourselves (vv3-8) 

Humility (v3) is a matter of seeing ourselves soberly (literally, to be in one's right mind) - who are we really?

       Function (vv4-5) -- we have different roles in the body to meet other’s needs.

       Gifts (vv6-8) are mentioned to demonstrate the view we are to have toward ourselves.

What About These Gifts? 

Except for prophecy, natural or non-miraculous gifts. 

       They have been called genetic and environmental gifts.

       We are born with talents or capabilities, and our environment has served to help develop them.

More About the Gifts 

Gifts of the whole body reveal Christ.

      Compare Col. 2:9 with Ephesians 1:22-23.

      Just as Christ revealed the fullness of God, the church reveals the fullness of Christ!

       Difference between gifts and responsibilities is important.

       Let him use his gifts -- use yours and others discover and use theirs! (NOTE: the NIV 2011 gives the charge to the gifted to use their gifts.)

A Final Thought About Gifts

Some gifts are more “up front” gifts, and other are more “behind the scenes.”

       Which type are we most impressed with?

       Which type is God most impressed with?

       God’s answer:  the ones most connected to character (which are not the “up front” gifts, by the way).

Our Relationship with Other Christians (vv9-16) 

Sincere love.

       Zeal spreads--stay fired up (v11).

       Joy, patience, prayerfulness, and hospitality are demonstrations of love for others (vv12-13).

       Righteous responses when hurt by others is vital (v14).

       Harmony is the atmosphere (vv15-16).

Our Relationship With Our Enemies (vv17-21) 

Do not seek retaliation (let them win their “be ugly” contests!).

       Do set an absolutely pure example.

       Make peace your goal (not “winning”) with everyone, even those who test your patience and heart most!

       Serve your enemies in every way.

       Trust God with the outcome!

  A Religion of Submission  (Romans 13)

Disciples are submissive in a number of different areas:

      To Christ (Ephesians 5:24).

      To each other (Ephesians 5:21).

      To leaders in the church (Hebrews 13:17).

      To masters, employers (Ephesians 6:5-9).

      Wives to husbands (Ephesians 5:22-24).

      Children to parents (Ephesians 6:1-4).

      To leaders in government (Rom. 13:1-7).

Submission to Government (vv1-7)

  • – •It is commanded by God (even with Nero in power). 
  • •It is a reasonable response. 
  • –God established governmental authority (the concept, not a specific type - vv1-2). 
  • –Rulers protect society (vv3-4). 
  • •By punishing wrongdoers. 
  • •By rewarding those who do good. 
  • •“Bear the sword” v4 = capital punishment.
Submission to Government (continued) 

Because of our conscience (v5) - the violation of laws also violates our conscience.

       It is a responsibility (vv6-7).

      To pay taxes.

      To respect officials.

       Never speak evil of them (Titus 3:1-2).

       Always pray for them (1 Timothy 2:1-2).

       NOTE:  only exception--Acts 5:29.

Submission to Each Other in Love (vv8-10)

(vv8-10) Don’t build up worldly debts.

       Do stay in debt to love the brothers.

       Love fulfills all of the other one another commands.

      Love for God is our primary motivation to serve him (Matthew 22:36-40).

      Love for others is our highest obligation in human relationships.

      1 Cor. 13:4-7 = Say Jesus’ name, & yours!

Submission to Righteous Living (vv11-14)

(vv11-14) Wake up! -- You are closer to death and judgment than ever before.

       Eradicating sin is but one part of righteousness (see Matthew 12:43-45).

       Being clothed with Christ starts at baptism (Galatians 3:27), but continues daily (Romans 13:14).


Media Ministry,
Sep 13, 2014, 1:07 AM