Music Appreciation

And now for something completely different...

Mr. Eldred has been assigned to teach a section of Music Appreciation this year. Wait a second, Mr E. teaches technology not music. True, but I have been playing guitar since I was 12 years old and currently play in a working rock cover band. I have even had a few guitar students over the years, so I'm perfectly suited to teach a class on playing the guitar, which is what we will be doing in Music Appreciation. (among other things)

This class is very different then regular classes I teach or that students take at Parker. Because of the difficulties in learning a new instrument we will be grading the class differently. The class is Pass/Fail and we use Proficiency Scales to track progress toward our goal of being able to play the guitar. Read this letter for more information. (and click here if you need to confirm that you have read the letter.)

Introduction to Sound and Music

1.1 - What is Sound? Why do things sound differently? Sound, Frequency, Wavelength, Amplitude, Envelope, Attack, Sustain.
Target: I can explain what sound is.

1.2 - What is Music? - Harmony, Melody, Rhythm, Tempo, Style, Musical Instruments, Polyphony, Musical Notes, Duration, Octaves, Keys


2.1 - Parts of the Guitar - Body, Neck, Head, Bridge, Nut, Fret, Fretboard, Inlays, Strings, Tuning Pegs, Pick Guard
Target: I can identify specific parts of a guitar.
2.1.1 - Acoustic Guitar - Sound Hole, Resonance, Saddle
2.1.2 - Electric Guitar - Volume Control, Tone Control, Pickups, Pickup Selection, Cutaway, Stratocaster, Telecaster, Les Paul
2.1.3 - Amplification



2.2 Playing the Guitar
Michigan 7th Grade Arts Expectations:

ART.M.I.7.1 Sing and play with expression and technical accuracy, an increasingly diverse repertoire of literature at developmentally-appropriate levels. Perform at least one selection from memory.

ART.M.I.7.3 Sing and play accurately as a soloist, and in both small and large ensembles with appropriate technique and breath control.

2.2.1 - Tuning
Target: I can tune a guitar with an electronic tuner. I can explain standard guitar tuning.

2.2.2 - 1 2 3 4 Warmup

Target: I can play notes on the guitar with all four fingers of my left hand.
Proficiency Scale for 1 2 3 4 Warmup:
1-Not Proficient
 2-Advancing 3-Proficient4-Advanced
I can't play notes with degree of reliability or confidence.I can play notes somewhat reliably, but with some difficulty at a rate less then 70 beats per minuteI can play notes reliably and with confidence at the rate of 70 beats per minuteI can play notes near perfectly forwards and back at the rate of 80 beats per minute or faster.

YouTube Video

2.3.1 - Reading TAB
Target: I can read and write music using guitar TAB.
While there is long standing universal system for reading and writing music. Play a fretted instrument such as the guitar allows us to us a somewhat simpler method to communicate written music. Guitar tablature is a numeric system for expressing where a note is help by indicating which number fret is held on which string. Please watch the video on the right if you need a more information or if you didn't follow the explanation in class.

TAB Proficiency Scale:
1-Not Proficient
 2-Advancing 3-Proficient4-Advanced
 I can't read or write TAB. I can learn new songs by reading TAB with some difficulty. I can easily learn new songs by reading TAB. I can easily learn new songs by reading TAB and I write TAB for music I create.

YouTube Video


2.3.2 - The Blues Rhythm

Target: I can play a blues rhythm.
The blues rhythm form is extremely important in popular rock music. Building a basic understanding of the blues form and being able to adapt the rhythm pattern and cord changes will open up a large catalog of songs.




Proficiency Scale for Blue Rhythm:
1-Not Proficient
 2-Advancing 3-Proficient4-Advanced
 I can't play a blues rhythm with a degree of reliability or confidence. I can play the blues rhythm somewhat reliably, but with some difficulty. I have trouble staying on beat and making cord changes. I can play the blues rhythm reliably and with confidence. I can stay on tempo and make the cord changes. I can play the blues rhythm near perfectly. I have no trouble staying on beat or making changes. I can also play different cord and rhythm patterns in this style.

2.4 Playing simple melodies on the guitar.

Target: I can play simple melodies on the guitar.
Simple Melody Proficiency Scale:
1-Not Proficient
 2-Advancing       (2.5) 3-Proficient4-Advanced
 I can't play a simple melody with a degree of reliability or confidence. I can play a simple melody somewhat reliably, but with some difficulty. I have trouble playing or remembering the right notes and I can't stay on tempo. I can play a simple melody reliably, with confidence and on tempo. I can play a simple melody near perfectly. I have no trouble staying on beat or making changes. I can play the same melody in different octaves.

Simple Melodies Tier 1


2.4.1 - Hot Cross Buns
e|------------------------------------------------------|
B|------------------------------------------------------|
G|------------------------------------------------------|
D|------------------------------------------------------|
A|--2-0-----2-0---------0000-2-0------------------------|
E|------3-------3--3333----------3----------------------|

2.4.5 - Mary Had a Little Lamb
E ------------------------------------|----------------------------------|
B ------------------------------------|----------------------------------|
G ------------------------------------|----------------------------------|
D --------------------------------0-0-|----------------------------------|
A -2-0---0--2--2--2--0--0---0--2------|-2--0---0--2--2--2--0--0--2--0----|
E -----3------------------------------|------3-------------------------3-|

    Mar-y  had a li-tle lamb lit-tle lamb lit-tle lamb
  

Simple Melodies Tier 2


2.4.3 - Row Row Row Your Boat
e|-----------|------------|----------------|-----|-------------------|
B|-----------|------------|----------------|-----|--4--4--4----------|
G|-----------|---------0--|--0------0---1--|--3--|----------3--3--3--|
D|--1-----1--|--1---3-----|------3---------|-----|-------------------|
A|-----------|------------|----------------|-----|-------------------|
E|-----------|------------|----------------|-----|-------------------|

e|--------------------------|----------------|-----|
B|--------------------------|----------------|-----|
G|-----0--0--0--------------|--3---1--0------|-----|
D|--------------1--1--1-----|-------------3--|-1---|
A|--------------------------|----------------|-----|
E|--------------------------|----------------|-----|


2.4.6 Twinkle Twinkle Little Star
E---------------------------------------------------------------------------
B---------------------------------------------------------------------------
G---0-0-2-2-0---------------0-0---------0-0-------------0-0-2-2-0--------------
D-------------3-3-2-2-0-0------3-3-2-2-0---3-3-2-2-0--------------3-3-2-2-0-0--
A3-3---------------------3---------------------------3-3---------------------3-
E---------------------------------------------------------------------------


B-Day
E----------------|--------------|-----3-0-----------|-1-1-0---------|
B-----------1-0--|---------3-1--|---------1-0-0-----|--------1-3-1--|
G---0-0-2-0------|-0-0-2-0------|-0-0------------2--|---------------|
D----------------|--------------|-------------------|---------------|
A----------------|--------------|-------------------|---------------|
E----------------|--------------|-------------------|---------------|

Frère Jacques
e|---------------------------------------------------------------------------|
B|---------------------------------------------------------------------------|
G|---0---2---4---0-------0---2---4---0---4---5---7-----4---5---7-------------|
D|---------------------------------------------------------------------------|
A|---------------------------------------------------------------------------|
E|---------------------------------------------------------------------------|

e|---------------------------------------------------------------------------|
B|---3-5-3-1-0-------3-5-3-1-0-----------------------------------------------|
G|---------------0---------------0---0-------0------0-------0----------------|
D|---------------------------------------0--------------0--------------------|
A|---------------------------------------------------------------------------|
E|---------------------------------------------------------------------------| 




Simple Melodies Tier 3


2.4.9 - Ode to Joy
E |-----------------------------------------|
B |0-0-1-3-3-1-0---------0-0----------------|
G |--------------2-0-0-2-----2-2------------|
D |-----------------------------------------|
A |-----------------------------------------|
E |-----------------------------------------|

E |-----------------------------------------|
B |0-0-1-3-3-1-0---------0------------------|
G |--------------2-0-0-2---2-0-0------------|
D |-----------------------------------------|
A |-----------------------------------------|
E |-----------------------------------------|

E |-----------------------------------------|
B |----0-----0-1-0------0-1-0---------------|
G |2-2---0-2------202---------2-0-2---------|
D |---------------------------------0-------|
A |-----------------------------------------|
E |-----------------------------------------|

E |-----------------------------------------|
B |0-0-1-3-3-1-0---------0------------------|
G |--------------2-0-0-2---2-0-0------------|
D |-----------------------------------------|
A |-----------------------------------------|
E |-----------------------------------------|


The Adam's Family
e-----------------------------------------
B-----------------------------------------
G-----------------------------------------
D-------------------x--x-----------------X--X
A---------------0---x--x-----------1--2--X--X
E--------0-2-4------x--x-------2-4-------X--X


e-------------------------------------------
B-------------------------------------------
G-------------------------------------------
D-----------------------------------------X--X
A-------------1--2-------1--2----------0--X--X
E--------2-4---------2-4--------0-2-4-----X--X

e---------------|--------------|
b---------------|--------------|
g-----4-------2-|-----2--------|
d---5---5-2-----|-5-4---4-----5|
a-5---------3---|---------5-2--|
E---------------|--------------|

e---------------|--------------|
b---------------|--------------|
g-----4-------2-|--------------|
d---5---5-2-----|-5-4---2-4-5--|X2
a-5---------3---|-----5--------|
E---------------|--------------|

e-------------------|-----------|
b-------------------|-----------|
g-------------------|-----------|
d-5---2-4-5---2-4-5-|-X2--------|
a---5-------5-------|----5~-----|
E-------------------|-----------| 
Imperial March
e--------------------------------------------------------------|
b--------------------------------------------------------------|
g--------------------------------------------------------------|
d-----------------------2-2-2-3--------------------------------|
a-0-0-0---3-0----3-0------------3------3-0---------------------|
E-------1------1------------------4--1-------------------------|


e-------------------------------------------------------------|
b-------------------------------------------------------------|
g-------------------------------------------------------------|
d-------------------------------------------------------------|
a-12-0-0-12-11-10-9-8-9---------------------------3-0---3-0---|
E-----------------------6--11-10-9--8-7-8--1--4-1-----1-------|

e----------------------------------------------------|
b----------------------------------------------------|
g----------------------------------------------------|
d----------------------------------------------------|
a---------------12-0-0-12-11-10-9-8------------------|
E-1-4-8-5-8-12----------------------6-11-10-9-8-7-8--|

e-----------------------|
b-----------------------|
g-----------------------|
d-----------------------|
a-------3-0---30--------|
E-1-4-1-----1-----------|

Simple Melodies Tier 4


3.0 - Cords - When you play more then one note at a time, it's  cord. Realize that the instrument has to be polyphonic in order to play cords. A tuba can't play a cord, but a piano can. Playing songs on the guitar means learning cords. Some cords will be easy for you to play and others you may not be able to play effectively during out time in class, but you will need to know them. Open cords are played at the end of the neck and will have open notes, or notes played on strings that you aren't holding with your finger. There are also variations on basic cords, so we distinguish them as Majors and Minors. (There are actually more variations, but we'll focus on just these two types and tackle the rest as they arise in songs.)
3.1 - Major Cords A, E, D
3.2 - Major Cords G, C, B, F
3.3 - Minor Cords
3.4 - Bar Cords
3.5 - Cording in Songs
3.5.2 - 
3.6 - Power Cords - In addition to the open cords, you can play cords based on a shape the E cord makes and move it up and down the neck for different cords. These cords will be easier for you to play because you'll only be holding three, sometimes four notes, on the lower strings which tend to need less pressure to hold. Power cord also happen to be the essential cording technique used in Rock & Roll and its derivatives. Name a rock band that you like and I gurentee you that they will play power cords in their songs.
3.6.1 - Smoke on the Water
3.6.2 - Louie Louie

Advancing Guitar Techniques
5.1 - Right Hand Playing Techniques
Finger Picking
Alternate Picking
Strumming
Muting
Screaming

5.2 - Left Hand Playing Techniques
Bending
Sliding
Hammer On
Pull off
Vibrato
Release/Choking/Muting
Two-Handed Taping

6 - The Minor Pentatonic Scale
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