Writing system, Language

Position analysis of frequent two-sign combinations (See Nisha Yadav et al, 2007, cited below)


Mleccha and mlecchita vikalpa: notes by Srinivas Tilak (Nov. 5, 2007)

A statistical approach for pattern search in indus writing (Nisha Yadav et al, 2007)

See also: indusscript.ppt


A megalithic pottery inscription and a Harappa tablet: A case of extraordinary resemblance by Iravatham Mahadevan (July, 2007)

(in two parts): 



Thanks to Iravatham Mahadevan for this exquisite insight. Sulur is a site where punch-marked coins were found.


A mlecchita vikalpa decipherment of the inscription on the Sulur pottery is as follows:


Sign 342 (jar) kanda kanka 'fire-altar (of) copper'

Sign 176 (harrow) vikalpa: pa_s 'iron share of harrow'; rebus: pasra 'smithy workshop'

Sign 328 (cup) bat.hi 'furnace'

Sign 89 (three tall lines) vikalpa: kolmo 'three'; rebus: kolmo 'smithy'; kol 'pancaloha'

Sign 137 (X) vikalpa: datu 'road'; rebus: 'mineral'


Mleccha (language), mlecchita vikalpa (writing) 


Mlecchita vikalpa corpus 

In pdf format (63 mb) Mlecchamlecchita


Mleccha substratum (what is called Indo-Iranian substratum by Lubotsky)


Comparative dictionary of 25+ ancient bharatiya langauges


Review of Book: Mlecchas in ancient India by Aloka Parasher, 1991


Oxus culture and links with Sarasvati civilization

Two interviews in Hera on language and writing system of Sarasvati civilization (pdf)


Mleccha words, mlecchita writing (Language 'X')


Rim of jar as mlecchita vikalpa hieroglyph


Gypsy lexemes with links to Sarasvati hieroglyphs


Ancient glyptic themes


Ligatured hieroglyphs: 1. Standard; 2. One-horned heifer

Part 1

Part 2


Hieroglyptic art as mlecchita vikalpa (in two parts)

Part 1: Hieroglyptic Art (pdf)

Part 2: Annexes to Hieroglyptic Art (pdf)


'Assyrian tree' as hieroglyph &

Begram as Sarasvati art history continuum


Tree as hieroglyph 


Eagle as hieroglyph


Svastika hieroglyph and zin in early metallurgy


Hieroglyphs of lion or panther attacking bull or boar or antelope (Starting with a review of Sibri cylinder seals showing lion hieroglyphs the hieroglyphs are traced into Greek gems of Phoenician scarabs).


Ancient tin from Meluhha


Mleccha (smithy terms); mlecchita vikalpa (hieroglyphs) in four parts as repertoire of a smithy:










Smithy5 Numerical hieroglyph. Three linear strokes ||| read as hieroglyph, 'kolmo' Rebus: kolume 'pit-furnace'.


These are represented rebus on Sarasvati civilization epigraphs (writing system) by the following:< xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" prefix="o" namespace="">
Trees, twigs,  sprouts, stub of corn, bunch of twigs or sprouts and tails as , hieroglyphs
< xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" prefix="st1" namespace="">Buffalo, buffalo horns as hieroglyphs
Fish, quail, rimless, wide-mouthed pot as hieroglyphs 


Glyph denoting a sprout (or, tree stylized) has 800 occurrences in the epigraphs. Tree has 57 occurrences.


Rimless, wide-mouthed pot has 350 occurrences.

Fish has 1241 occurrences, apart from 14 objects inscribed with epigraphs shaped like fish


Whad do all these glyphs have in common? They are used on 
the writing system (mlecchita vikalpa). All of them are 
hieroglyphs and represent one or more items in the repertoire 
of a smithy (kol).
Examples of rebus readings together with vikalpa 
(writing system) using hieroglyphs follow and are taken from 
the Mleccha corpus (Indus script corpus).