Use existing online resources rather than creating your own.
Moving content onlineTime management in online learning is critical. It is important not to spend a great deal of time converting classroom material into a form that will work online. Moving content online is NOT about transferring content - it is about transforming content. Online learning is unique and the instructor must factor in the uniqueness of the medium.
Use the existing institutional technologyUse Laulima. Its not perfect, we know. Don’t debate about whether or not it is the best tool, at least when you are beginning. It is a useful framework for organizing your online teaching, and you can get help when needed. There is enough flexibility to allow you to teach in a variety of different ways. In particular, take the time to be properly trained in how to use Laulima. Here is a good place to start.
The same applies to synchronous web technologies such as Blackboard Collaborate. Think carefully about when it would be best to use synchronous rather than asynchronous online tools. Blackboard Collaborate is useful when you want to get a group of students together at one time, but such synchronous tools tend to be instructor-dominated (delivering lectures and controlling the discussion). However, you could encourage students working in small teams on a project to use Collaborate to decide roles and project assignments.
On the other hand, asynchronous tools such as the Forum tool in Laulima provide online learners with more flexibility than synchronous tools, and enable them to work more independently (an important skill for students to develop).
Resources available through the libraryProbably one of the first places to look for scholarly resources should be the Leeward CC library. The open
web, and search engines such as Google Scholar cannot always reach resources held within subscription only
Some resources available through the library include:
- Subscription-only databases, including those containing texts, images, music and news broadcasts.
- Electronic journals, book chapters and conference proceedings.
- Electronic books.
Use existing online contentThe Internet, and the World Wide Web, have an immense amount of free content under certain conditions (look for the Creative Commons license usually at the end of the page). However, open educational resources vary in quality and range.
At a two-year college most content is not unique or original. Get your students to search, find, select, and content material. After all, these are key ’21st century skills’ that students need to have.
Why use online resources?The term online resources refers to a wide range of information available on the Internet including text,
images, videos, case studies, journals, databases, and curricula to name a few. Online resources can be held
in scholarly databases or libraries; be made by teachers specifically for their classes; or be found on the open
There any many different digital formats for online resources including web sites, audio and video
podcasts, PDF files, ebooks, interactive learning objects, digital tools for creating resources etc.
So many resources are now being freely shared online that it can be advantageous for teachers and students
to develop an understanding of appropriate and legal use. Care must be also taken to assess the validity
and copyright implications of using resources found online.
Students should be supported in developing
appropriate information and digital literacy skills to help them make informed decisions about what
constitutes an appropriate resource for learning.
There are many benefits that using online resources can bring to teaching and learning, including:
- Access to information from many different voices and experts: There are many resources from credible
institutions, public commentators, organizations and news media available online. Using these resources
in class gives students an opportunity to access expert commentary on topics, and to contextualise their
learning through analysis of different sources of information
- Save time: As a teacher, you don’t have to reinvent the wheel, or do everything yourself. You can bring the
knowledge of other experts into your class and concentrate on facilitating active learning strategies such as
discussions and analysis of the material
- Share your expertise with others: If you have created an online resource for a certain topic, you may wish
to share this openly with others by making it available online under a Creative Commons license
- Students can take an active role in finding and sharing course resources: Integrating tasks into your
curriculum where students find and assess online resources on a particular topic can be a good way to
engage them in the class content and build their digital literacy skills
- Resources are always available: If resources for your class are online, students can always access them
anywhere, and at any time that they are needed
- Equity and accessibility: Having resources online offers equity and accessibility to information for all
students on and off-campus.
Open Educational Resources (OER)There is a wealth of credible learning resources for all stages of learning, that have been made available
to the world for free under the concept of Open Educational Resources (OER). These resources are usually
released under Creative Commons licenses by different educational institutions or individual academics for
use by anyone, providing they comply with the conditions of the license.
OER cover many different subject areas, and include a wide variety of learning materials such as curricula,
lectures, interactive learning objects, professional development materials, podcasts, etc.
There are several online OER repositories that enable teachers to contribute to, and access material from
the larger academic community, such as MERLOT, MIT Open Courseware, Jorum and iTunes U. These
repositories make it easy to search for resources across a variety of criteria such as topic or type of media.
Some repositories contain peer review systems to help establish the authenticity and reputation of the
The advantages of OER include:
- Access to a range of digital formats: You may not have the skills required to make the same type of
resources that you can find online that have been made by other educators. Using a variety of digital
formats such as text, video, images and audio can be an exciting way to engage students in your class.
- Currency of information: There are always new resources being published or uploaded into the
aforementioned repositories on a wide range of topics
- Use resources from some of the most reputable institutions in the world: You have the opportunity
to use resources from institutions with reputations for quality learning and teaching, and to use material
created by world renowned experts in different fields. MIT, Harvard and Cambridge along with many other
institutions , provide resources for open use which can be found on iTunes U or other OER repositories
- Many points of view: Students have the chance to learn from a range of different experts and sources,
creating greater opportunities for comparative analysis, discussion and debate
- Save time and money: Institutions are free to use OER for teaching as long as they comply with the
Creative Commons license they are offered under. There are no access or development costs, and materials
are usually ready for immediate use
Creative Commons allows the sharing and remixing of work in accordance with the various licenses, as with
OER. However, resources or information that are not offered under Creative Commons licenses are subject
to copyright law.
What are your colleagues doing?Another often invaluable resource is the material your colleagues have developed for their courses and is also relevant to your own course. Consider working collaboratively to develop and share high quality materials.
Focus on facilitating learningTeaching online offers you a choice of focusing on content development or on facilitating learning.
- Focus on facilitating what students need to know, and on how they can find, evaluate
- Focus on student activities and what they need to do.
Learning to Teach Online by Simon McIntyre, Dr Negin Mirriahi
Tony Bates Build on existing resources.