The Overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy & the Establishment Newspapers

The Hawaiian Gazette (1865-1918) was one of the largest supporters of the overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy and the replacing government. In January 1893, the newspaper was among several that refused to print Queen Liliu‘okalani’s protest against the overthrow and painted her efforts to reestablish the Kingdom’s authority as illegal and counterrevolutionary.

Following the Queen’s overthrow on January 17, 1893, the Hawaiian Gazette published the proclamation and orders of the new Provisional Government and began referring to Liliu‘okalani as Hawai‘i’s “ex-Queen.” 

Two weeks later, the paper asserted that it, together with the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, “contained the only true and extended account of the late revolution” and encouraged readers to sign the Provisional Government’s loyalty oath. With their "unprecedented large sales," the papers could not meet the demand for the issues with the information of the overthrow. Thus the Hawaiian Gazette announced the upcoming release of its pamphlet, "A Brief History of the Revolution" and proclaimed, "The many people who have been disappointed will no doubt hail this announcement with satisfaction."

Several high-ranking members of the oligarchy, including William R. Castle and Sanford B. Dole, would oversee the Hawaiian Gazette in years to come.

-Alice Kim

Articles on Chronicling America:

"The New Era!: The Revolution Terminated by the Establishing of a Provisional Government"
The Hawaiian gazette, January 24, 1893, Image 1

"Important Notice: A Brief History of the Revolution to Be Issued"
The Hawaiian gazette., January 31, 1893, Page 2, Image 2