King Kalakaua's Travels Around the World

In 1881, King Kalakaua traveled around the world to study immigration, develop diplomatic relations with other countries, and observe how rulers led their countries.

This year-long trip made Kalakaua the first king to travel around the world: he went to San Francisco, the Empire of Japan, China, Siam (Thailand), Burma (Myanmar), India, Egypt, Italy, Belgium, the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, the French Third Republic, Spain, Portugal, England, and the United States. He met heads of state: U.S. President Chester A. Arthur, Queen Victoria of England, Pope Leo XIII, the Meiji Emperor of the Empire of Japan, Umberto I of Italy, Viceroy of Egypt Tewfik Pasha, William I of Germany, and Rama V of Siam.

During this trip, The Pacific Commercial Advertiser published "The King's Tour Around the World," a regular column. The PCA would later turn the column into a book. The Hawaiian Gazette also reported on the trip. Some of these articles can be seen in the links below.

- Alice Kim

Articles from Chronicling America

"General Enthusiasm for King Kalakaua at Honolulu on the Eve of His Departure for Foreign Lands"
The Hawaiian gazette., January 19, 1881, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1881-01-19/ed-1/seq-3/

"The King's Tour Around the World" (Hawaii, Sacramento)
The Pacific commercial advertiser., February 26, 1881, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-02-26/ed-1/seq-3/

"Letter from Europe--No. 41" and "The King's tour around the world..."
The Pacific commercial advertiser., March 26, 1881, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-03-26/ed-1/seq-2/

"The King's Tour Round the World" (Siam, Bangkok)
The Pacific commercial advertiser., July 02, 1881, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-07-02/ed-1/seq-3/

"The King's Tour Round the World" (Siam, Bangkok)
The Pacific commercial advertiser., July 09, 1881, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-07-09/ed-1/seq-3/

"The King's Tour Round the World"
The Pacific commercial advertiser., July 16, 1881, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-07-16/ed-1/seq-3/

"The King's Tour Round the World" (Malaysia, Myanmar, India)
The Pacific commercial advertiser., August 06, 1881, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-08-06/ed-1/seq-1/

"The King's Tour Round the World"
The Pacific commercial advertiser., August 13, 1881, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-08-13/ed-1/seq-1/

"Meeting at the Lyceum: To Consider the Manner in which to Celebrate the Event of His Majesty's Landing again on the Soil of Hawaii Nei"
The Hawaiian gazette., August 17, 1881, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1881-08-17/ed-1/seq-2/

"Kalakaua"
The Hawaiian gazette., August 31, 1881, Supplement, Image 6
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1881-08-31/ed-1/seq-6/

"The King's Tour Round the World: Royal Diary in Europe" - Letters No. 52-55
The Pacific commercial advertiser., September 03, 1881, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-09-03/ed-1/seq-1/

"The King's Tour Round the World: Royal Diary in Europe" - Letters No. 56-58
The Pacific commercial advertiser., September 10, 1881, Image 4
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-09-10/ed-1/seq-4/

"The King's Tour Round the World: The King at Vienna" - Letter No. 59
The Pacific commercial advertiser., October 01, 1881, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-10-01/ed-1/seq-2/

"The King's Tour Round the World: Additional Particulars of the Royal Visit to Spain and Portugal"
The Pacific commercial advertiser., October 15, 1881, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-10-15/ed-1/seq-1/

"The King's Tour Round the World" (Virginia)
The Pacific commercial advertiser., October 22, 1881, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-10-22/ed-1/seq-2/

"Our Paris Correspondence" and "The King Is In New York"
The Pacific commercial advertiser., October 29, 1881, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-10-29/ed-1/seq-3/

"The King at Home!: Enthusiasm of the People!"
The Pacific commercial advertiser., November 05, 1881, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-11-05/ed-1/seq-2/

"The King's Return: A Hawaiian Thanksgiving Day" and "Contemplating the King's tour round the world..."
The Pacific commercial advertiser., November 12, 1881, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-11-12/ed-1/seq-2/

"Review of the Report of His Ex. W. N. Armstrong on Immigration"
The Pacific commercial advertiser., December 17, 1881, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-12-17/ed-1/seq-2/
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