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Verbos Reflexivos

 

 
Forma del Conjugación
 Pronombre Reflexivo
 Ejemplo (Castellano)
 Ejemplo (Inglés)
Yo
Me
Me llamo Juan.
I call myself Juan.
Te
Te llamas Juan.
You call yourself Juan.
Él, Ella, Usted
Se
Se llama Juan.
He/She/You (formal) call(s) themself Juan.
Nosotros
Nos
Nos llamamos Juan y Julieta.
We call ourselves Juan and Julieta.
Vosotros
Os
Os llamáis Juan y Julieta.
You (plural) call yourself Juan and Julieta.
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes
Se
Se llaman Juan y Julieta.
They/You (plural) call themselves/yourselves Juan and Julieta.

Reglas y Usos

  1. The reflexive form of the verb is used when the subject and the object are the same.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Yo me lavo. 
        • I wash myself.
          • The subject is "I" and the object is "myself"
  2.  The reflexive pronoun may precede the conjugated form of a verb, or follow and be attached to the infinitive.
    • Ejemplos:
      • ¿Vas a bañarte?

      • ¿Te vas a bañar ahora?

        • Are you going to bathe? / Are you going to bathe now?

  3. The reflexive verb may be used as a substitute for the passive.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Todavía no se ha comprado la casa.
        • The house has not been bought yet.
      • Esto se hizo el año pasado.
        • This was done last year.
  4. When employed impersonally for the English indefinite second or third person, the reflexive verb is always in the third person singular.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Aquí se habla francés.
        • French is spoken here.
      • No se debe comer tan aprisa.
        • One must not eat so fast.
  5. Many verbs, which may be used intransitively in English, require an object in Spanish, such as levantarse, sentarse, and caerse.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Se levanta.
        • He rises (Literally:  He raises himself).
      • Se sienta.
        • She sits.
      • Me caigo.
        • I fall.
  6.  The verb of the impersonal reflexive construction may often be used actively and it then governs a direct or an indirect object.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Se le habló al maestro.
        • They spoke to the teacher.
      • No se le dijo nada.
        • Nothing was said to him or they told him nothing.
      • Se nos pagaba.
        • They paid us or we were paid.
      • Se la admitió.
        • She was admitted.
    • NOTE: The above construction cannot be used when the object represents a thing. In that case the noun object becomes subject and the ordinary relfexive is used to form the passive, the verb agreeing with the subject.
      • Los libros se leyeron.  (Never: Se les leyó).
        • The books were read.
      • Ya se compraron los lápices.
        • The pencils have already been bought.
  7. When the reflexive verb takes two objects, the reflexive pronoun may have the force of an indirect object pronoun.
    •  Ejemplos:
      • Me quito el sombrero.
        • I take off my hat.
      • Se ponen los guantes.
        • They are putting on their gloves.
      • Debes ponerte el sobretodo.
        • You must put on your overcoat.
  8. Some reflexive verbs admit the impersonal reflexive construction, and take an indirect object.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Me figuro / Se me figura.
        • I imagine / It seems to me.
      • Se me olvidó / Me olvidé
        • I forgot.
      • Se les figura que son ricos.
        • They imagine they are rich.
      • Se nos olvidó decirte.
        •  We forgot to tell you.
      • Se le olvidó la carta.
        • He forgot the letter.
  9. In the plural most reflexive verbs may also be reciprocal.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Se engañan.
        • They deceive themselves / They are mistaken / They deceive one another.
  10.  The reciprocal meaning is made clear by the use of the forms uno . . . otro.
    • Ejemplos:
      • Se engañan el uno al otro.
        • They deceive each other.
      • Se amaban las unas a las otras.
        • They loved one another.
      • Se burlaron el uno del otro.
        • They made fun of each other.
 Verbos que cambian su significado en la forma reflexiva:
Acercar to bring near Acercarse (a) to approach 
Acordar  to agree (to)  Acordarse (de) to remember
Acostar

to put to bed

Acostarse to go to bed
Bañar to bathe (someone) 

Bañarse

to bathe (oneself) 
Burlar  to trick, to deceive Burlarse (de)

to make fun of

Decidir  to decide Decidirse (a) to make up one's mind
Despedir to discharge, to fire Despedirse (de) to say good-bye
Despertar to awaken (someone) Despertarse to wake up
Divertir to amuse Divertirse to have a good time 

Dormir

to sleep Dormirse to fall asleep
Enojar to anger (someone) Enojarse to get angry
Fijar to fix, to fasten  Fijarse to notice
Hacer to do, to make Hacerse to become
Levantar to raise, to lift Levantarse to get up
Llamar to call Llamarse to be called, to be named
Negar  to deny Negarse to refuse
Parecer to seem, to appear Parecerse to resemble
Poner to put, to place Ponerse to put on (clothing)
Preocupar to preoccupy Preocuparse (de, por, o con) to worry about
Probar to try, to taste Probarse to try on
Quitar to take away, to remove Quitarse to take off
Sentar to seat someone Sentarse to sit down
Vestir to dress (someone) Vestirse to get dressed
Volver to return Volverse to turn around
 
 
Estes Verbos normalmente son reflexivos
Atreverse (a) to dare Jactarse (de) to boast
Arrepentirse (de) to repent Quejarse (de)  to complain
Darse cuenta (de) to realize Suicidarse to commit suicide
 
 
Enlaces - Pruebas, Exámenes, Juegos, y Videos
Truco
 
    Tomar el subjeto, el objeto, y ¿qué dijiste?  Si son los mismos, usted usa la <<se>>.
 
 

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