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Presente del Indicativo

Hola, mi página está dedicada al tiempo presente indicativo. Las reglas son muy básicas pero muy importantes. Espero que esta página se ayuden.

 

When to Use the Present Tense: 
(Most Common Uses)

 

·         To tell what is happening now

·         Indicate something happening in the near future

·         Habitual or regularly repeated actions  

·         When asking a question/ making a request

·         An action started in the past but still remains in progress

Remember:
Subject pronouns typically accompany the verbs.
(Yo, tú, usted, él, ella, nosotros/as, vosotros/as, ellos/as, ustedes

 

REGULAR VERBS

With regular verbs you simply drop the ending and replace it with the following (Conjugate the Verbs)
NOTE: THE ONLY FORM WITH AN ACCENT IS THE VOSOTROS/AS FORM

 

                    

AR VERBS
AR verbs include any verb ending in AR. (hablar, sacar, caminar, tocar, etc)

Yo

O

AS

Usted, Él, Ella:

A

Nosotros, -.as

AMOS

Vosotros, -as

ÁIS

Ustedes, Ellos, Ellas

AN

 

EXAMPLES

 verb: Tocar
He plays the guitar.
El toca la guitarra.
 
verb: Caminar
I walk in the rain.
Yo camino en la lluvia.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ER VERBS
ER verbs include any verb ending in ER. (beber, deber, correr, romper, etc.)

Yo

O

ES

Usted, Él, Ella:

E

Nosotros, -.as

EMOS

Vosotros, -as

ÉIS

Ustedes, Ellos, Ellas

EN

 

 

EXAMPLES

verb: comer
I eat cake.
Yo como pastel.
 
verb: deber
You should study.
Debes estudiar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IR VERBS
IR verbs include any verb ending in IR. (vivir, escribir, asistir, discutir, etc)

 

 

EXAMPLES

verb: vivir
She lives in New York.
Ella vive en Nueva York.
 
verb: asistir
I attend the University of Wisconsin.
Yo asisto la universidad de wisconsin.
 
 

Yo

O

ES

Usted, Él, Ella:

E

Nosotros, -.as

IMOS

Vosotros, -as

 ÍS

Ustedes, Ellos, Ellas

EN

When conjugating, you follow the same rules as above. Note that the only difference between the ER and IR verb conjugation is the nosotros and vosotros form.

 

 

* Remember this trick from the first video, "Take off the ending and put something back. But what you add has to match the subject." Meaning, if you have an AR verb, use the AR endings. Also remember that the AR endings include A. (ER include E and IR include I)

 

Ready?
PRUEBAS:
(click on a link below)
 
 
IRREGULAR VERBS
With irregular verbs there are certain exceptions to the above rules.
 
 
STEM CHANGING VERBS.
 
O changes to UE
 
Examples: Volver: Vuelvo, Vuelves, Vuelve, Volvemos, volvéis, vuelven
Other verbs: Dormir, oler, recordar, etc.
NOTE: The stem changes do not apply to the Nos. or Vos. form- these are known as sandal verbs or boot verbs.
 
E changes to IE
 
Examples: Querer: Quiero, Quiere, Quieres, Queremos, Queréis, Quieren
Other verbs: sentir, empezar, cerrar, comenzar, pensar, etc.
*Tener and venir undergoe this change as well, but are also irregular in the yo form (look below for explanation)
 
E changes to I
 
IR verbs ONLY
Examples: Pedir: pido, pides, pide, pedimos, pedís, piden
Other Verbs:servir, vestir, competir, etc.
 
U changes to UE
 
Examples: Jugar: juego, juegas, juega, jugamos, jugáis, juegan
 
 
 
COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS
(completely irregular)
 
IR: voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van
SER: soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son
ESTAR: estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están
OLER: huelo, hueles, huele, olemos, oléis, huelen
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE YO FORM
(These verbs are regular, except for the yo form)
 
G-Verbs
Poner: yo pongo
Tener: yo tengo
Caer: yo caigo
Traer: yo traigo
 
For more "g" verbs and more explanations click below:
Explanation
 
G changes to J
Exigir: yo exijo
Elegir: yo elijo
Other verbs: dirigir, corregir, etc.
 
GU change to G
Seguir: yo sigo
Distinguir: yo distingo
Conseguir: yo consigo
 
ZC Verbs
Conocer: yo conozco
 
OY Verbs
Dar: yo doy
Other verbs: estar, etc.
Other Cases
Ver: yo veo
Saber: yo sé
Other verbs: caber, etc.
 
IRREGULARS WITH AN ADDED ACCENT
Continuar: continúo, continúas, continúa, continuamos, continuáis, continúan
Esquiar: esquío, esquías, esquía, esquiamos, esquiáis, esquían
Other verbs: graduar, actuar, criar, vaciar, enviar, efectuar y confiar
IRREGULARS ENDING IN -UIR
(when a verb ends in -uir BUT NOT -guir, add a y)
Huir: huyo, huyes, huye, huimos, huís, huyen
Other verbs: construir, contribuir, disminuir, incluir y influir.
HABER
The verb haber has only one form and never changes in the present tense indicative. You use hay for singular and pluaral objects.
 
Haber: Hay
 
Examples: 

Hay muchos nubes en el cielo. There are many clouds in the sky.

No sólo hay un pájaro. No, there is only a bird.

Ready?
PRUEBAS:
Regulares e Irregulares
Irregulares
Llena los espacios en blanco (larga)




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