The  Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects emphasize reading and writing in English Language Arts as well as across all content areas.  The following professional learning module helps to address the key questions regarding the organization, features and major shifts of Common Core Standards for English Language Arts:  
  • How are the Common Core Standards organized?
  • Why do the CCSS feature ELA and Literacy together?

  • What are the six Common Core Instructional Shifts?  What are the themes found throughout Common Core Standards?

    • How are they similar and different from what we are doing?  What projects are consistent with these shifts?

    • What is the impact on teaching?

Instructional Shift

 Description /
Instructional Implications
 K-5 Resources for Professional Learning    

Balancing Informational & Literary Texts (PreK-5)

Students should read a balance of informational and literary text.  At least 50% in elementary classrooms across the day should be informational text, 55% in middle school and 70% in high school.
 Presentation on Informational Texts

Building Knowledge in the Disciplines (6-12)

 Content-area teachers emphasize reading and wriiting in their are through the instruction of the content. 

Guidelines for Facilitator

Text Complexity

 To prepare students for college and career, each grade level requires a "step" of growth in the text complexity that students read.

 Presentation on Text Complexity

Text-Based Answers

 Students develop habits for making evidentiary arguments both in conversation as well as writing demonstrating a comprehension of text.
 Presentation on Text-Based Answers

Writing from Sources

 Writing needs to emphasize use of evidence to inform or make an argument rather than the personal narrative.  Students should conduct short, focused research projects K-12 providing students opportunities to develop skills implicit in a standard research and writing process.
PD Materials on Informational Literacy/Research

 Academic Vocabulary

 Students must build vocabulary needed to access grade-level texts.  Strategies focusing on domain-specific vocabulary are needed.
 Presentation on Academic Vocabulary
Above "Shifts" and content are adapted from EngageNY,  Oregon Department of Education and Delaware Department of Education