1. Active Reader Strategies 
  2. Audio Pronunciation Guide
  3. Audio Study Guides
  5. Cornell Note-taking System
  6. Guided Notes
  7. How to Prepare for an Exam
  8. Jeopardy Regents Review Games 
  9. PowerPoint Presentations 
  10. Procrastination
  11. Reading Comprehension
  12. Review Books
  13. Review Flash Cards
  14. Review Self-Tests
  15. Review Videos 
  16. SparkNotes Study Guides
  17. Study Buddies
  18. Textbooks
  19. Vocabulary Self-Quizzes
  20. WHAPer Kids' Zone

Active Reader Strategies 

Before Reading
    1. Focus on an essential question that the text helps answer 
    2. Preview the text to determine the topic and the text’s structure and purpose (e.g., argument, narrative, explanation) 
    3. Use the title and preview of the text to activate prior knowledge 
    4. Develop questions about the text and/or its topic that might be answered when reading 
During Reading
    1. Monitor reading to ensure comprehension 
    2. Answer questions developed before reading 
    3. Annotate the text with Post-it Notes for main ideas, answers to questions, interesting or surprising aspects of the text, and parts of it that are difficult to understand 
    4. Periodically stop and reflect on what’s being read and how it fits with prior knowledge and the other parts of the text 
After Reading
    1. Respond to questions developed before and during reading 
    2. Reflect on the text, what it means, and whether it supports or refutes prior ideas and understandings 
    3. Draw conclusions and devise generalizations 
    4. Make connections to other texts, key concepts, and overarching ideas 
    5. Discuss the text with peers to ensure understanding and have remaining questions answered 
Audio Pronunciation Guide

Students have the ability to access a searchable audio pronunciation guide for important terms in the Regents Global History and Geography curriculum.

Audio Study Guides

Students have the ability to access and download audio study guides for World History textbooks, which could be played online or downloaded into an smartphone or mp3 player. 
    1. Global History and Geography 9 Audio Study Guides (Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dahia Ibo.Shabaka. Ancient World History Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2006.)
    2. Global History and Geography 10 Audio Study Guides (Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dahia Ibo.Shabaka. Modern World History Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2006.)
    3. AP World History Audio Study Guides (Bulliet, Crossley, Headrick, Hirsch, Johnson and Northrup. The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, AP Edition, 2010.)
    1. Students will have access to Castle Learning, a web-based service that provides online review for Regents Global History and Geography. The web-based service allows students have access to hundreds of previous Regents questions.
    2. Students will be able to use Castle Learning throughout the school year, with the ability to access the site, 24-hours a day and 7 days a week. An activity can be interrupted at any time and continued later. Students will be able to use Castle Learning from any computer connected to the Internet – at school, home, or in the local library. In addition, “smart” phones can be used rather than using a PC or Mac. However, it is highly recommend to use a PC or Mac to access the online assessments.
    3. In a practice session, students will have two attempts to answer a practice question correctly. If a student answers a question incorrectly, the student will be provided a hint and defined vocabulary used in the question. Once a question is answer, the student will be provided a reason for the answer. Students should focus on the reasons for each answer, which will allow them to review important content.
    4. Student will be able to browse through the extensive vocabulary for the course or work on the vocabulary flash card activity.
Cornell Note-taking System

The Cornell note-taking system allows students to keep their notes organized, be able to summarize the main points in a section of reading, and allows students to quickly identify key words and key concepts for review. 
    1. Students need to spend more time completing Cornell Note-taking, Students must be responsible for their own learning. 
    2. These notes MUST be used as a study guide for AP exam preparation. It is impossible to cover all of the required materials in the AP World History curriculum in class. 
    3. The arrangement of information is aesthetically pleasing and easy to scan, making it easy to locate particular pieces of information. 
Major goals for the Cornell Note-taking system are to assist students in taking comprehensive notes and to be engaged in this activity rather than merely copying down something they have seen. 
    1. Furthermore, this process assists students in discerning the most important information in lessons and reading. 
    2. Additionally, the organizational benefits are considerable when students use the system consistently. 
Cornell Note-taking System Visual Directions

          pre-AP World History Summer 2018 Reading & Cornell Note-taking Assignments

Guided Notes

Students have the ability to use their guided notes to review key terms and the "big ideas", analyze charts, graphs, maps, photographs, political cartoons, and timelines, and engage in critical-thinking by using the information in the guided notes to answer compelling and enduring issues questions. 

How to Prepare for an Exam

Students have the ability to watch the How to Prepare for an Exam video (03:31).

Jeopardy Regents Review Games (Grade 9)

Students have the ability to download and play "Jeopardy" Regents review games on early civilizations in the Regents Global History and Geography curriculum.

PowerPoint Presentations (AP World History)

Download one or more of these Chapter Review PowerPoint presentations from different AP edition textbooks to use as an additional review tool to study for AP-level unit tests. 
    1. William J. Duiker & Jackson J. Spielvogel, World History, 5th edition.
    2. Bulliet, Crossley, Headrick, Hirsch, Johnson and Northrup. The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, AP Edition, 2010.
    3. Bentley, Jerry and Herbert Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. New York: McGraw-Hill. 4th ed., 2008.

Procrastination is putting off or avoiding doing something that a person must do. It is natural to procrastinate occasionally. However, excessive procrastination can result in guilt feelings about not doing a task when it should be done. It also causes anxiety since the task still needs to be done. Further, excessive procrastination causes poor performance if a student tries to complete a task with little time remaining. In short, excessive procrastination can interfere in doing well in all subjects in school.
    1. Students are given more time than needed to accurately complete a Review Self-Test or essay pre-writing for a subject.
    2. Students are instructed to finish the Review Self-Test or essay pre-writing a few days before the test to have time to study.
    3. However, many students are NOT getting a good night rest before the test because they are attempted to complete a Review Self-Test or essay pre-writing in one night, rather than dividing the materials into “chunks” to complete over a few days.
    4. All assignment due dates and assessment dates are listed daily on Mr. Stresing’s Assignments & Assessments Calendar.
Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is the key to analyzing primary and secondary documents, and answering texted-based multiple-choice questions. 
    1. Re-read guided notes, close readings, textbook, and primary and secondary documents for comprehension.
    2. Reading comprehension is the ability to read text, process it and understand its meaning. 
    3. DO NOT Speed Read! It is impossible for most students to speed read a text, process it and understand its meaning. 
    4. Student should NOT be reading the assigned text to “just get it done”.
Review Books

Download a review book as an additional review tool to study for a unit test, the AP exam, or the Regents.

Students have the ability to review essential AP World History terms using The Original Ultimate AP World History Interactive Flashcards Set on 
    1. Students could make flash cards from the questions and answers from their Review Self-Tests and/or Vocabulary Self-Quizzes. Students should write the question on a side and on the other side write the answer(s).
    2. Using flash cards, a student would be attempting to remember the concept from scratch rather than simply staring at the passage in a textbook or recognizing it on a multiple-choice quiz.
    3. When students reveal the answer side of a flashcard to assess their correctness, they are essentially asking themselves “How did my answer compare to this correct answer?” and “How well did I know (or not know) it?”
    4. Because flashcards exist loosely, rather than tied to a book or document, students are able to separate them into piles based on whether (or how often) the student needs to study them again.
Review Self-Tests

Review Self-Tests will help students understand the information presented during lectures (e.g. improved reading comprehension), organize and process important information from a unit, actively engage with the guided notes, and develop complex sentences using evidence and detail from the guided notes.

Review Videos (Flipped Classroom)
    1. Students have the ability to watch the Review Videos for a current unit.
    2. Most of these online educations videos are under 15 minutes in length.
SparkNotes Study Guides

Students have the ability to access SparkNotes study guides with brief overviews, summaries, key people and terms, study questions, and a review test.

Study Buddies

    1. Studying with other people helps a student personalize and interact with material. This is much more difficult to do independently.
    2. Studying in a group gives a student the opportunity to figure out what he/she doesn’t know—and what he/she does know. This allows a student to TARGET his/her remaining study time on topics he/she is not so familiar with, thereby making studying more efficient and saving time in the long run.
    3. Don’t make the group too big; a group of three or four students is the ideal size.
    4. Designate a moderator to keep you on schedule. The moderator role can rotate from one meeting to the next.
    5. Decide the topics you are going to discuss BEFORE meeting. All members should commit to preparing that material PRIOR to meeting. Don’t take on too much material for one session.
    6. Schedule a SPECIFIC time period for your study group (e.g., 1.5 hours) before meeting; it is the moderator’s responsibility to keep to that time. This will prevent the session from dragging on—and you feeling your valuable study time has been wasted.
    7. Each student should thoroughly PREPARE and identify key points and areas of confusion within the material to be covered in the group.
    8. Discuss and quiz each other on the material. Treat this like an oral exam. Come into the group well prepared but be ready to identify areas that you do not understand.
    9. Teach others material you understand and learn from others who understand material better than you do. When you teach someone else material, you have to know it in much more depth, and you will find it solidifies your knowledge. You may even surprise yourself with how much you know.
    10. Try to make studying enjoyable in whatever way you can. Since you will spend a lot of time studying, you need to keep things interesting.

Students have the ability to access and download the textbooks for Global History and Geography and AP World History for a PC, Mac, and Google Chromebook.
    1. Global History and Geography 9 Textbook (Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dahia Ibo.Shabaka. Ancient World History Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2006.)
    2. Global History and Geography 10 Textbook (Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dahia Ibo.Shabaka. Modern World History Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2006.)
    3. AP World History Textbook (Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition)
Vocabulary Self-Quizzes

Vocabulary self-quizzes are bonus assignments to help students make more mental connections with the curriculum, understand test questions, and have better reading comprehension. Test scores tend to be higher in reading and in other areas for students who have larger vocabularies.
    1. Copies of the Regents vocabulary self-quizzes are available in room 168 in the file cabinet drawer labeled “bonus”. 
    2. Write out the entire definition for each Tier 2 or Tier 3 vocabulary term from the guided notes to receive bonus credit. 
    3. Students must have completely finished all assignments for the unit to be eligible for bonus.
    4. All printed vocabulary self-quizzes for a particular subject will be collected on the day of the test. 
    5. All bonus opportunities are listed daily on Mr. Stresing’s Assignments & Assessments Calendar.
WHAPer Kids' Zone

Practice a large number of AP-level multiple-choice questions at the "WHAPer" Kids' Zone.