Pre-AP World History in 9th grade is designed to prepare students to be successful in a college-level history course. AP World History in 10th grade is a college-level history course. Neither course is an “honors” or “accelerated” course. Ideally, AP World History is a 12th grade course, after a standard world history course in an earlier grade. As such, students are expected to keep up with the rigorous lessons and activities provided in these courses. Students are required to complete an extensive amount of reading on their own almost every night, develop Cornell-style notes based on the readings, complete projects outside of the classroom, actively engage in classroom participation, and should be willing to put forth the appropriate level of effort studying the content. Students should understand that the intended next step for a pre-AP student is to enroll in AP courses in subsequent years, which should allow him or her to earn college credit. Pre-AP World History is geared to prepare students for this challenge. These two courses are heavily focused on reading and writing, analyzing and interpreting primary source documents, and formal assessments. Students are not automatically expected to have all of the required writing and analytical skills as some of these will be taught and developed over the course of these two years. However, students are expected to be proficient in higher level thinking skills by the end of these two courses, if not sooner. It is expected, however, that the student enter the classroom each day willing to put forth the effort to learn with a positive attitude; this will go a long way in the success of the student. 

The purpose of these two courses extends beyond the possibility of earning college credit by providing students with the opportunity to develop skills and knowledge that will form a useful foundation for college studies. A recent study of this “AP Effect” reported the following results:
  1. Better prepared academically for college 
  2. More likely to specialize in majors with tougher grading standards 
  3. More likely to complete more college course work 
  4. More likely to take subjects in their AP subject area 
  5. Likely to perform significantly better over four years of college course work 
  6. More likely to be superior in terms of leadership 
  7. More likely to make significant accomplishments in college 
  8. Twice as likely to do graduate level studies
Themes and Periods
The AP World History course is structured around themes and concepts in six different chronological periods from approximately 8000 BCE to the present. Within each period, key concepts organize and prioritize historical developments. Themes allow students to make connections and identify patterns and trends over time.
  1. Technological and Environmental Transformations (to c. 600 BCE)
  2. Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies (c. 600 BCE to c. 600 CE)
  3. Regional and Transregional Interactions (c. 600 CE to c. 1450)
  4. Global Interactions (c. 1450 to c. 1750)
  5. Industrialization and Global Integration (c. 1750 to c. 1900)
  6. Accelerating Global Change and Realignments (c. 1900 to the Present)

Unit 1: Paleolithic Age (c. 2,000,000 – 10,000 B.C.E.) and the Neolithic Revolution (c. 10,000 – 3,200 B.C.E.) 
  1. Paleolithic Age and Neolithic Revolution 
  2. Characteristics of Civilization
Read Chapter 1 pp. 2-59 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 2: The Ancient World in the Middle East (3500 – 450 B.C.E.)
  1. Civilization in Mesopotamia
  2. Egyptian Civilization: “The Gift of the Nile”
  3. The Hebrews: The “Children of Israel
  4. The Assyrian Empire
Read Chapter 2 pp. 60-102 and Chapter 4 pp. 180-183 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 3: Indian Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. – C.E. 1631)
  1. The Emergence of Civilization in India: Harappan Society
  2. The Arrival of the Aryans and the Emergence of the Mauryan Empire
  3. Caste and Class: Social Structures in Ancient India 
  4. Daily Life in Ancient India
  5. Hinduism
  6. Buddhism: The Middle Path
  7. India After the Mauryans and India Culture
  8. The Silk Road
  9. Gupta Empire and the Transformation of Buddhism
  10. Indian Ocean Trade
  11. Arrival of Islam in India
  12. Change Over Time: Era between the Mauryans and Mughals
  13. Early Southeast Asia and Angkor Wat
Read Chapter 2 pp. 103-107, Chapter 3 pp. 141-145 and 152-154, Chapter 4 pp. 174-180, 187-188, 200-202 and 208-215, Chapter 5 pp. 224-228, 240-242 and 246-247Chapter 7 pp. 306-332Chapter 9 pp. 428-430Chapter 12 pp. 578-580Chapter 13 pp. 642-644 and 653-654, and Chapter 15 pp. 738-739 and 760-762 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 4: Chinese Dynasties (1766 B.C.E. – C.E. 1912)
  1. Shang and Zhou Dynasties
  2. Ancient Chinese Philosophies
  3. Qin Dynasty and the Great Wall
  4. Han Dynasty and the Silk Road
  5. Comparison of the Roman and Han Empires
  6. Daily Life in Ancient China
  7. Ancient Chinese Culture
  8. China After the Han Dynasty
  9. Han Dynasty and the Silk Road
  10. Comparison of the Roman and Han Empires
  11. Daily Life in Ancient China
  12. Song Dynasty and the Golden Age of China
  13. Chinese Maritime Indian Ocean Trade
  14. Society in Traditional China
  15. Ming Dynasty
  16. Buddhism, Daoism and Neo-Confucianism
  17. Golden Age of Chinese Culture
  18. From the Ming to the Qing
  19. Daily Life in Qing China
Read Chapter 3 pp. 108-113133-141150-151 and 157-161Chapter 4 pp. 164-174198-200Chapter 5 pp. 216-224234-237 and 243-246Chapter 7 pp. 344-347 and 355-363Chapter 8 pp. 364-394 and 404-409Chapter 12 pp. 566-569 and 572-576Chapter 13 pp. 639-642 and 650-652, and Chapter 15 pp. 737-738 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 5: Classical Greece and the Persian Empire (800 B.C.E. – C.E. 600)
  1. Polis and Greek Colonization
  2. The Greek City-States of Athens and Sparta
  3. The Persian Empire (550 – 330 B.C.E)
  4. Greco-Persian Wars and the Age of Pericles
  5. Peloponnesian War and Culture of Classical Greece
  6. Greek Philosophers and Daily Live in Classical Athens
  7. The Rise of Macedonia and the Conquests of Alexander
  8. Hellenistic Culture and Kingdoms
Read Chapter 3 pp. 114-129, 146-148 and 155-157, Chapter 4 pp. 183-187 and 202-204, and Chapter 5 pp. 237-240 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 6: Roman Empire and Early Christianity (500 B.C.E. – C.E. 1453) 
  1. Early Rome and the Republic
  2. Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean 
  3. Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic
  4. Age of Augustus and Pax Romana
  5. Early Roman Empire
  6. Culture and Society in the Roman World
  7. Fall of the Western Roman Empire
  8. Development of Christianity
  9. Comparison of the Roman and Han Empires
Read Chapter 3 pp. 129-133, 148-150 and 161-163, Chapter 4 pp. 188-197 and 204-207, and Chapter 5 pp. 229-233 and 248-259 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 7: Byzantine Empire and Early Russian History (C.E. 285 – 1453)
  1. Reign of Justinian and Theodora
  2. Byzantine Civilization and Orthodox Christianity
  3. Slavic Peoples and the Development of Kievan Rus
Read  Chapter 10 pp. 462-464, 469-476 and 507-511 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 8: Mongol Empire (C.E. 1206 – 1368) 
  1. Mongol Empire and Mongolian Khanates
  2. Pax Mongolica
  3. Yuan Dynasty in China
  4. Khanate of the Golden Horde in Kievan Rus
Read Chapter 7 pp. 347-350 and Chapter 11 pp. 512-549 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 9: Medieval Europe (C.E. 476 – 1453)
  1. Germanic Kingdoms and the Role of the Christian Church
  2. Practice of Fief-Holding and the Manorial System
  3. Medieval European Civilization
  4. Growth of Trade and Medieval Cities
  5. England, France and the Holy Roman Empire
  6. Power Struggle Between The Christian Church and German Emperors
  7. Causes and Outcomes of the Crusades
  8. Black Death
  9. Hundred Years’ War and the Great Schism
Read Chapter 10 pp. 476-506 and Chapter 11 pp. 550-557 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 10: Japanese Feudalism (C.E. 572 – 1637)
  1. Medieval Japanese State and the Heian Period
  2. Daily Life in Medieval Japan
  3. Shinto and Traditional Japanese Culture
  4. Korea: “China’s Little Brother”
  5. Vietnam (Great Viet) and the Legacy of China
  6. Tokugawa Shogunate and Culture
  7. Tokugawa “Great Peace”
Read Chapter 8 pp. 395-403 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 11: Islamic Caliphates (C.E. 570 – 1450)
  1. Rise of Islam 
  2. Arab Empire and the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates
  3. Seljuk Turks and Islamic Civilization
  4. Islamic Society and the Culture of Islam
  5. Sects of Islam 
  6. Golden Age of Islam
Read Chapter 9 pp. 410-432 and 434-461, Chapter 10 pp. 465-467, Chapter 12 pp. 576-577, Chapter 13 pp. 644-649, and Chapter 15 pp. 734-737 and 758-759 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 12: African Trading Kingdoms (C.E. 600 – 1450)
  1. Ancient Peoples in East Africa
  2. Spread of Islam in North and East Africa
  3. West African Trading Kingdoms
  4. Trans-Saharan Trade Route (Sand Road)
  5. States and Stateless Societies in Central and Southern Africa
  6. African Culture
Read Chapter 6 pp. 260-272, 283-285 and 292-298, Chapter 7 pp. 332-337 and 350-354, Chapter 9 pp. 432-435, Chapter 10 pp. 467-469, and Chapter 12 pp. 563-566 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.6.

Unit 13: Renaissance (C.E. 1300 – 1600)
  1. Italian Renaissance: “Rebirth” of Classical Art and Learning
  2. English Renaissance
Read Chapter 12 pp. 569-573 and 600-609 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 14: Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter-Reformation (C.E. 1517 – 1648)
  1. Causes of the Protestant Reformation
  2. Martin Luther and the German Reformation
  3. Spread of the Protestant Reformation
  4. Tudor Dynasty
  5. Catholic Counter-Reformation
Read Chapter 15 pp. 718-725, 753-755 and 763-771 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 15: Pre-Columbian Civilizations (c. 1800 B.C.E. – C.E. 1500)
  1. Early Civilizations in Central America
  2. The Maya
  3. The Aztecs
  4. The Inka (Inca) and the first civilizations in South America
Read Chapter 6 pp. 272-282, 285-291 and 299-305, Chapter 7 pp. 337-343, and Chapter 12 pp. 558-563 and 580-599 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 16: Maritime Revolution and the Commercial Revolution (C.E. 1400 – 1800)
  1. Maritime Revolution and the Indian Ocean
  2. Portuguese Maritime Empire
  3. Spanish Conquests in the “New World”
  4. Impact of European Expansion during the Maritime Revolution
  5. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
  6. Southeast Asia in the Era of the Spice Trade
Read Chapter 13 pp. 610-635 and 660-667, Chapter 14 pp. 668-717, and Chapter 15 pp. 725-734 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 17: Absolutism and Constitutional Monarchy (C.E. 1500 – 1800)
  1. Philip II of Spain and Militant Catholicism
  2. Mercantilism and the Thirty Years’ War
  3. Louis XIV of France and Peter the Great of Russia
  4. Limited Monarchy, English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution
  5. European Culture: Artistic and Literary Achievements in the 16th and 17th Centuries
  6. Suleiman the Lawgiver of the Ottoman Empire
  7. Ottoman Culture
  8. Safavid Dynasty
  9. Akbar the Great and the Mughal Dynasty
  10. Mughal Society and Culture
Read Chapter 13 pp. 635-639 and 655-659 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 18: Scientific Revolution (c. 1550 – 1700)

Read Chapter 15 pp. 740-745 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 19: Enlightenment (c. 1650 – 1815)

Read Chapter 15 pp. 745-752 and 756-757 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 20: French Revolution and the Napoleonic Empire (1789 – 1815)
  1. Causes of the French Revolution
  2. Reign of Terror
  3. Napoleonic Empire
  4. Congress of Vienna
Read Chapter 16 pp. 780-792, 812-14 and 820-825 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 21: Latin American Wars of Independence and Revolutions (1789 – 1934)
  1. Nationalism in Latin America 
  2. Economic Imperialism in Latin America
  3. Mexican Revolution
Read Part Five pp. 772-779, and Chapter 16 pp. 792-801 and 814-817 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 22: Italian and German Unification (1815 – 1871) 
  1. Unification Movements in Italy 
  2. Unification Movements in Germany
Read Chapter 16 pp. 801-811 and 818-819 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 23: British Industrial Revolution (1750 – 1914)
  1. Causes and Effects of the Industrial Revolution
  2. Spread of Industrialization
  3. Economic, Social and Political Reforms of Industrialization
  4. Democratic Reforms of Britain and France 
  5. Post-Industrialization and Progress
Read Chapter 17 pp. 826-877 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 24: “New” Imperialism (1850 – 1914)
  1. Neo-Imperialism in Africa 
  2. Decline of the Ottoman Empire
  3. British Imperialism in India
  4. Imperialism in Southeast Asia
  5. Sphere of Influence in China
  6. Meiji Era
Read Chapter 18 pp. 878-912 and 922-929, and Chapter 19 pp. 930-971 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 25: Great War (1914 – 1919)
  1. M.A.I.N. Causes of the Great War
  2. Eastern and Western Front
  3. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare and Total War
  4. Treaty of Versailles
Read Part Six pp. 972-979, and Chapter 20 pp. 972-990 and 1025-1033 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 26: Russian Revolutions (1905 – 1922)
  1. 18th and 19th Century Russia
  2. Causes and Effects of the Russian Revolutions of 1917
Read Chapter 21 pp. 1034-1042 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 27: Stalinist Russia (1922 – 1953)
  1. Totalitarianism
  2. Five-Year Plans
  3. Collectivization
  4. Holodomor and the Great Purge
Read Chapter 21 pp. 1045-1054 and 1069-1078 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 28: Italian Fascism and German Nazism (1919 – 1939)
  1. Worldwide Depression
  2. Rise of Fascism in Italy
  3. Rise of Nazism in Germany
  4. Axis Powers and Imperialism
Read Chapter 20 pp. 990-999 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 29: World War II (1939 – 1945)
  1. M.A.I.N. Causes of World War II
  2. Japanese Imperialism in Asia
  3. Allied Victory and The Holocaust
  4. Effects of World War II
Read Chapter 20 pp. 999-1024 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 30: India, Pakistan, and Myanmar (1900 – Present)
  1. Indian Nationalist Movement
  2. India and Pakistan
  3. Islamic Fundamentalism
  4. Democratic Reform in Southeast Asia
  5. Nationalism in Southwest Asia
  6. Monsoons and the Green Revolution
Read Chapter 18 pp. 913-921 and Chapter 22 pp. 1086-1097 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 31: Decolonization of Sub-Saharan Africa (1945 – Present)
  1. Independence Movements in Africa
  2. Tribalism vs. Nationalism
  3. Christianity and Islam 
  4. Republic of South Africa
  5. AIDS and Human Trafficking
Read Chapter 22 pp. 1097-1109 and 1129-1135 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 32: Middle East (1947 – Present) 
  1. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
  2. Islamic Fundamentalism
Read Chapter 22 pp. 1113-1128 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 33: People’s Republic of China and Taiwan (1912 – Present)
  1. Chinese Civil War: Communists vs. Nationalists
  2. People's Republic of China
  3. Deng Xiaoping and the Four Modernizations
  4. Human Rights and Globalization
Read Chapter 21 pp. 1042-1045 and 1079-1085 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.

Unit 34: The Cold War Era and the Post-Cold War Era (1945 – Present)
  1. Cold War
  2. Korean and Vietnam War
  3. Cuban and Nicaraguan Revolutions
  4. Destalinization in the Soviet Union
  5. Glasnost and Perestroika
  6. Collapse of the Soviet Union
  7. Nationalism, Ethnicity, Religion and Human Rights Violations in Eastern Europe
  8. European Union
  9. International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization
  10. Latin American Free Trade Area and the North American Free Trade Agreement
  11. Anti-Globalization Activism
Read Chapter 21 pp. 1054-1068, Chapter 22 pp. 1109-1112, and Chapter 23 pp. 1136-1187 in Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for AP, 2nd edition.