Brockhausen, I., Schachter, H., & Stanley, P. (2009). O-GalNAc Glycans. In Essentials of Glycobiology (2nd ed., pp. 115-129). New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Chesire, DR., Ewing, CM., Gage, WR., & Isaacs, WB. (2002). In vitro evidence for complex modes of nuclear beta-catenin signaling during prostate growth and tumorigenesis. Oncogene, 21, 2679-2694.

Croce, C. M., MD. (2008). Oncogenes and Cancer. The New England Journey of Medicine, 358:502-511. Retrieved from

Feldman, B.J., Feldman, D. (2001). The development of androgen-independent prostate cancer. Nature Reviews Cancer. 1(1): 34-45.

Guinez, C., Morelle, W., Michalski, J.-C., & Lefebvre, T. (2004, August). O-GlcNAc glycosylation: a signal for the nuclear transport of cytosolic proteins? The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 37, 765-774.

Hanahan, D., & Weinberg, R. A. (2000, January). The Hallmarks of Cancer. Cell, 100, 57-70.

Hart, G. W., & Akimoto, Y. (2009). The O-GlcNAc Modifitcation. In Essentials of Glycobiology (2nd ed., pp. 263-292). New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Hatsell, S., Medina, L., Merola, J., Haltiwanger, R., & Cowin, P. (2003, July). Plakoglobin Is O-Glycosylated Close to the N-terminal Destruction Box. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(39), 37745-37752. Retrieved from

Hoover, B. A. (2005). Beta-catenin Mediated Wnt Signaling as a Marker for Characterization of Human Bone Marrow-Derived Connective Tissue Progenitor Cells, The Journal of Young Investigators, 12 (5) retrieved 28 November 2010 from

Huber, AH., Nelson, WJ., & Weis, WI. (1997). Three-dimensional structure of the armadillo repeat region of beta-catenin. Cell, 90, 871-882.

MacDonald, B.T., Tamai, K., He, X. (2009). Wnt/ β-catenin Signaling: Components, Mechanisms, and Diseases. Developmental Cell, 9-10.

Miravet, S., Piedra, J., Miro, F., Itarte, E., & Herreros, A. G. D. (2002). The Transcriptional Factor Tcf-4 Contains Different Binding Sites for β-catenin and Plakoglobin. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277(3), 1884-1891.

Sayat, R., Leber, B., Grubac, V., Wiltshire, L., Persad, S. (2008). O-GlcNAc-glycosylation of beta-catenin regulates its nuclear localization and transcriptional activity. Experimental Cell Research. 314(15): 2774-2787.

Soloway, S, M., Soloway, T, C., Elderfrawy, A., Acosta, K., Kava, B., Manoharan, M. (2010). Careful Selection and Close Monitoring of Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients on Active Surveillance Minimizes the Need for Treatment. European Association of Urology. doi:10.1016/j.eururo.2010.08.027

Whitaker, H. C., J. Girling, A. Y. Warren, H. Leung, I. G. Mils, and D. E. Neal. 2008. Alterations in beta-catenin expression and localization in prostate caner. Prostate 68(11): 1196-205.

Zhu, W., Leber, B., Andrews, D. W. (2001). Cytoplasmic O-glycosylation prevents cell surface transport of E-cadherin during apoptosis. EMBO J., 20: 5999-6007