Here I Am To Worship

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Mindfulness is "the intentional, accepting and non-judgmental focus of one's attention on the emotions, thoughts and sensations occurring in the present moment"

  • Atheism

    Atheists are people who believe that god or gods are man-made constructs.

  • Baha'i

    One of the youngest of the world's major religions.

  • Buddhism

    A way of living based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.

  • Candomblé

    A religion based on African beliefs, originating in Brazil.

  • Christianity

    The world's biggest faith, based on the teaching of Jesus Christ.

  • Hinduism

    A group of faiths rooted in the religious ideas of India.

  • Islam

    Revealed in its final form by the Prophet Muhammad.

  • Jainism

    An ancient philosophy and ethical teaching that originated in India.

  • Jehovah's Witnesses

    A Christian-based evangelistic religious movement.

  • Judaism

    Based around the Jewish people's covenant relationship with God.

  • Mormonism

    The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

  • Paganism

    Contemporary religions usually based on reverence for nature.

  • Rastafari

    A young religion founded in Jamaica in the 1930s.

  • Santeria

    Afro-Caribbean syncretic religion originating in Cuba.

  • Shinto

    Japanese folk tradition and ritual with no founder or single sacred scripture.

  • Sikhism

    The religion founded by Guru Nanak in India in the 15th Century CE.

  • Spiritualism

    Spiritualists believe in communication with the spirits of people who have died.

  • Taoism

    An ancient tradition of philosophy and belief rooted in Chinese worldview.

  • Unitarianism

    An open-minded and individualistic approach to religion.

  • Zoroastrianism

    One of the oldest monotheistic faiths, founded by the Prophet Zoroaster.

Krishna (Sanskrit: कृष्ण, Kṛṣṇa in IAST, pronounced [ˈkr̩ʂɳə] ( listen)

  • Brāhmana's (brahmanen) - de leraren en de geestelijkheid (leerlingen inbegrepen)
  • Kshatriya's - de bestuurders en militairen (zowel wetgevend, uitvoerend als controlerend)
  • Vaiśya's - boeren en ondernemers (de handel, de middenstand)
  • Śūdra's - de arbeiders, de werknemers en bedienden van de overige drie klassen.

De vier geestelijke afdelingen - die meer uitgebreid besproken worden in het Bhāgavatam (7.11 & 11.17&18[23])- van wat wij kennen als de burgerlijke status zijn:
Brahmancārī's - vrijgezellen, studenten, ongetrouwden, celibatairen.
Grihastha's - de gehuwden.
Vanaprastha's - de middelbare leeftijd doorgaans van de teruggetrokkenen (gescheiden).
Sannyāsī's - de wereldverzakende levensorde, de onthechten (doorgaans de bejaarden).


Fasting In Different Religions

Religion When they fast How they fast Why they fast
Baha'i The Baha'i fast takes place during Ala, the 19th month of the Baha'í year, from March 2-20. Abstain from food and drink from sunrise to sunset. To focus on love of God and spiritual matters.
Buddhist All the main branches of Buddhism practice some periods of fasting, usually on full-moon days and other holidays. Depending on the Buddhist tradition, fasting usually means abstaining from solid food, with some liquids permitted. A method of purification. Theravadin and Tendai Buddhist monks fast as a means of freeing the mind. Some Tibetan Buddhist monks fast to aid yogic feats, like generating inner heat.
Catholic Catholics fast and abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, and abstain from meat on all Fridays in Lent. For many centuries, Catholics were forbidden to eat meat on all Fridays, but since the mid-1960s,abstaining from meat on Fridays outside of Lent has been a matter of local discretion. On Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, two small meals and one regular meal are allowed; meat is forbidden. On Fridays in Lent, no meat is allowed. For the optional Friday fast, some people substitute a different penance or special prayer instead of fasting. Teaches control of fleshly desires, penance for sins, and solidarity with the poor. The Lenten fast prepares the soul for a great feast by practicing austerity. The Good Friday fast commemorates the day Christ suffered.
Eastern Orthodox There are several fast periods, including Lent, Apostles' Fast, Dormition Fast, and the Nativity Fast, and several one-day fasts. Every Wednesday and Friday is considered a fast day, except those that fall during designated "fast-free weeks." In general, meat, dairy products, and eggs are prohibited. Fish is prohibited on some fast days and allowed on others. Strengthens resistance to gluttony; helps open a person to God's grace.
Hindu Fasting is commonly practiced on New Moon days and during festivals such as Shivaratri, Saraswati Puja, and Durga Puja (also known as Navaratri). Women in North India also fast on the day of Karva Chauth. Depends on the individual. Fasting may involve 24 hours of complete abstinence from any food or drink, but is more often an elimination of solid foods, with an occasional drink of milk or water. A way to enhance concentration during meditation or worship; purification for the system; sometimes considered a sacrifice.
Jewish Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, is the best-known fast day. The Jewish calendar has sixother fast days as well, including Tisha B'Av, the day on which the destruction of the Jewish Temple took place. On Yom Kippur and Tisha B'Av, eating and drinking are forbidden for a 25-hour period, from sundown to sundown. On the other fast days, eating and drinking are forbidden only from sunrise to sundown. Atonement for sins and/or special requests to God.
Mormon The first Sunday of each month is a fast day. Individuals, families, or wards may hold other fasts at will. Abstaining from food and drink for two consecutive meals and donating food or money to the needy. After the fast, church members participate in a "fast and testimony meeting." Closeness to God; concentration on God and religion. Individual or family fasts might be held to petition for a specific cause, such as healing for one who is sick or help with making a difficult decision.
Muslim Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, is a mandatory fasting period that commemorates the period when the Qur'an was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad. Various Muslim customs recommend days and periods of fasting in addition to Ramadan. Abstain from food, drink, smoking, profane language, and sexual intercourse from before the break of dawn until sunset for the entire month. Some Muslims fast every Monday (some say Thursday) because Prophet Muhammad was said to do this, and some fast during the month of Sha'baan, which precedes Ramadan, and especially during the three days leading up to Ramadan.
Pagan No organized fast days, but some pagans choose to fast in preparation for Ostara (Spring Equinox). At the discretion of the individual--some totally abstain from food, others reduce how much they eat. Intended to purify a person energetically; often used to raise vibrational levels as preparation for magical work. Ostara fasting is used to cleanse oneself from heavier winter foods.
Protestant (Evangelical) At the discretion of individuals, churches, organizations, or communities. Though some people abstain from food or drink entirely, others drink only water or juice, eat only certain foods, skip certain meals, or abstain from temptations, edible or not. Evangelical fasts have become increasingly popular in recent years, with people fasting for spiritual nourishment, solidarity with impoverished people, a counterbalance to modern consumer culture, or to petition God for special needs.
Protestant (Mainline) Not a major part of the tradition, but fasts can be held at the discretion of communities, churches, other groups, and individuals. Discretion of those fasting. For spiritual improvement or to advance a political or social-justice agenda. One example: the ELCA's "Campaign of Prayer, Fasting, and Vigils."


The Religious Awareness Profile is currently in development.  Like the Global Awareness Profile, the RAPtest draws and assesses common knowledge about world religions.  Below are the basic categories that are used for question selection and preparation:

Religious Categories

Buddhism: A religion following the teachings of Buddha, typically emphasizing an individual’s spiritual development. Reference.

Christianity: A religion following the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christians believe that Christ is the Messiah and was sent to earth to save humanity from their sins. Reference.

“Glocal”: This category encompasses a wide variety of local religions that have a global impact. A ‘glocal’ religion is centrally located in a specific region, but its followers have expanded its belief system so that it is practiced in communities around the world. For example, voodoo originated in Western Africa, but spread to Haiti as a result of the slave trade. In this way, minor religions have expanded to an international realm.

Hinduism: Considered one of the oldest existing religions, Hinduism does not have a single founder or unifying set of teachings, but is considered the primary religion of most people in India and Nepal. The system of values known as ‘dharma’ and the sacred Vedas are a unifying feature in most Hindu practices. Reference.

Islam: A monotheistic religion following the teachings of Mohammed, whom followers believe is the final prophet for God (Allah in Arabic). Reference.

Judaism: A monotheistic religion where followers believe that they have a covenant with God, in which they try to follow his laws in exchange for the good in the world. Reference.

Categories (Regions)

Doctrines and Beliefs: A collection of religious teachings as understood by the members of that religion. Doctrine is separate from literature in that it is specific teaching found in religious texts, and understood from the teachings of religious leaders such as rabbis, imams, priests, preachers and religious scholars.

Art and Literature: The expression of the religion’s doctrines through art and the written word. This category includes sacred texts, such as the Vedas and the Bible, and also encompasses the artistic and literary works devoted to the religion.

Rituals: The performance of religious rites as part of a ceremonial process. The observance of holidays is included in this category.

Denominations: The varied subgroups of a religion, typically identified by their differences in the interpretation of doctrine and sacred texts.

People, Places, and Events: This category includes the important people, such as a founder or leader; places, such as a holy location; and events, such as a religious movement, that helped to define the modern understanding of the religion.

Symbols and Icons: This category includes the varied symbols and representations of a religion. These symbols can be written or drawn, such as the representation of Christianity through the cross, or can be used in everyday life, such as the Hindu symbol of the bindi.

Can you understand the world you live in without studying religion? Probably not. Underlying most human endeavors – 

whether politics, business, medicine, psychology, family life and personal fulfillment—is a complex array of religious beliefs, spiritual yearning and existential questions.

The study of religious traditions explores the religious beliefs, actions and cultural practices of individuals and communities across the world and throughout history.

Through the course of their studies, our students gain an inter-cultural literacy and an appreciation for the worldviews of other peoples and cultures, as well as their own.

Religious Studies courses offer you a variety of disciplinary perspectives on religion, including the spiritual, historical, literary, ethical, doctrinal, 

contemplative and social dimensions of religious people and cultures.

Engaging the study of religions through academic inquiry, we seek to generate respect for the religious lives of all traditions.

While many students find the study of religion fruitful for reflecting on their own religious identity, no particular religious position is privileged or assumed in any of our courses.
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