This is an inquiry into the implementation of e-learning in a culturally responsive context.  As eLearning becomes utilised more broadly in education, nationwide challenges in ensuring that culture is considered and that notions of “culturally neutral” technologies for learning are reviewed will be important.  This site provides an example of the work that has been done around e-learning in New Zealand for tangata whenua, Māori learners as well as considerations and future recommendations. 

Māori Learning pedagogy has much to offer the design of eLearning, foundations of Māori pedagogy are based upon the notion of Ako and that reciprocal learning leads to deeper more meaningful learning (Ferguson, 2008).  Other significant concepts of Māori Akonga supported and enhanced through e-learning could be whanau, whakapapa and whenua (Stucki, 2012).  High quality relationships are the essential ingredient in many of these principles and e-learning can be used in a way to collaborate with community and connect learners to their past, present and future places in society.

The overall aim of this website is to provide a guide for educators in New Zealand by;

  • outlining the background research informing culturally responsive eLearning pedagogy
  • identifying the features of eLearning and culture across education sectors in New Zealand
  • highlighting how there have been barriers to Māori engagement with eLearning
  • reviewing current understanding and initiatives such as Ka Hikatia from the Ministry of Education
  • sharing resources which allow the successful implementation of eLearning in a culturally responsive context


The authors of the site come from different backgrounds and hope this website will be useful for educators across all sectors.

Tim Gander - Secondary school teacher
Riena Prakash - Training Specialist & Resource Developer
Alex McAllum - Tertiary degree based teacher


Ferguson, S. (2008). Key elements for a Māori e-Learning framework. MAI Review, 1–7. Retrieved from

Stucki, P. (2012). A Maori Pedagogy: Weaving the Strands Together. Kairaranga, 13(1), 7–15. Retrieved from