What is Population Health?
Population health research offers a multidisciplinary framework to understand, preserve and improve the health of populations and individuals. To accomplish these goals, population health aims to explore what determines health among groups of people by exploring differences – or disparities – among populations. As the leading expert in the field, Sir Michael Marmot, says, “health inequalities arise from the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age - the social determinants of health”. These social determinants of health include social class, income, education, housing, work, access to green spaces, and experiences of individual or community poverty, discrimination or racism.
The ultimate aim of population health is to improve the health of individuals within specific populations by translating multidisciplinary research into policy and action to reduce health inequalities.
For one of the original papers defining Population Health, please seethe linked AJPH paper by Kindig and Stoddart.