SOCIAL/CULTURAL: Saudi Arabia
What is the population of your country?
0-14 years: 38%
15-64 years: 59.5%
65 years and over: 2.5% (5)
Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10% (5)
Muslim 100% (5)
total population: 78.8%
female: 70.8% (2003 est.) (5)
23 deaths/100,000 (7)
16.73 deaths/1,000 live births (5)
female: 75.9 years (5)
male: 14 years
female: 13 years (5)
Women are declared legally inferior to men. They are considered unable of taking care of their own affairs, and require male permission before traveling, leaving home or even before receiving emergency medical treatment. Also forbidden to drive, vote, take part in sports and are not allowed to go to school for “male specific fields” (8).
Not at an alarming rate as traffickers are sentenced to death, but drug abuse of heroin and cocaine and cannabis is rising within the country (3).
No, prevalence = 0.01% (5)
Islam is the official religion of the country, thus Islam and Shari’a law play a major role in government and laws passed (6).
Yes, refugees: 240,015 (2)
All the media within the country is state-run and state-controlled; but they do have free access to the internet. No law requires that a citizen be Muslim in order to reside in Saudi Arabia, but it is said that practice of other religions is severely restricted (5).
There is a problem of trafficking in persons. Saudi Arabia is said to be a country where involuntary servitude is imposed upon immigrant workers. The abuse includes physical and sexual abuse, as well as forced slavery and constriction of leaving the house or the country. Some Nigerian women have been trafficked into Saudi Arabia for the sex trade (5).
1. Al-Mukhtar, Rima. "Saudis shocked by fatwa banning women cashiers." Arab News 01 Nov. 2010, Non-Print. http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article177726.ece
2. Al-Mukhtar, Rima. "‘Manned’ lingerie shops draw ire." Arab News 01 Nov. 2010, Non-Print. http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article177730.ece
3. "Country Profiles: Saudi Arabia." United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime. UNODC, 05 Nov. 2010. Web. 5 Nov 2010. <http://www.unodc.org/egypt/en/country_profile_saudiarabia.html>.
4. Keihani, Keyan. "A brief history of male homosexuality in Islamic culture." Iranian.com. N.p., 11 Dec. 2005. Web. 8 Nov 2010. <http://www.iranian.com/Opinion/2005/December/Homosexuality/index.html>.
5. "Middle East: Saudi Arabia." CIA - The World Factbook. CIA, 03 Nov. 2010. Web. 5 Nov 2010. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/sa.html>.
6. "Saudi Arabia." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, 10 Oct. 2009. Web. 5 Nov 2010. <http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2009/127357.htm>.
7. "Saudi Arabia: Mortality Country Profile." WHO|World Health Organization. WHO|World Health Organization, 2007. Web. 5 Nov 2010. <www.who.int/whosis/mort/profiles/mort_emro_sau_saudiarabia.pdf>.
8. "Saudi Arabia: The 'No Women. No Play' campaign on status of women in Kingdom." Women Living Under Muslim Laws. Women Living Under Muslim Laws, 27 Jul. 2010. Web. 5 Nov 2010. http://www.wluml.org/node/6526.