Social/ Cultural Of Lebanon

What is the population of your country?
-    4.2 million (2009) (Source 4)

What percentage of the country is under 14, between 15 and 64, and over 65?
-    0-14 Years: 25.8%
-    15-64 Years: 67.1%
-    65+ Years: 7.2%
(Source 2)

What is the ethnic make up of your country?
-    Armenian: 4%
-    Arab: 95%
-    Other: 1%
(Source 2)

What is the religious make up of your country?
-    Muslim: 59.7%
-    Christian: 39%
-    Other: 1.3%
(Source 2)

What is the literacy rate?
-    Total Population: 87.4%
-    Male: 93.1%
-    Female: 82.2%
(Source 2)

What is the infant mortality rate?
-    16.4 deaths/1,000 live births (Source 2)

What is the life expectancy for men and women?
-    Male: 73.28 years
-    Female: 76.36 years
(Source 2)

Approximately how many years do boys go to school?  How many years do girls attend school?
-    Male: 13 years
-    Female: 14 years
(Source 2)

What is the status of women in your country?
-    Lebanese women were granted suffrage in 1953, yet to this day they face considerable obstacles entering politics in a country where political dynasties and patriarchy rule.
(Source 5)

Does your country have a drug problem?
-    cannabis
-    opium poppy
-    transportation of cocaine
(Source 2)

Does your country have problems with AIDS/HIV or any other major infectious disease?
-    People living with HIV/AIDS: 3,000 (2007)
-    Deaths caused by HIV/AIDS: Less than 200
(Source 2)

What is the relationship between religion and the public sector in your country?
-    Islam and Christianity are the religion in Lebanon.  Therefore until 1990, seats in parliament were divided on a six-to-five ratio of Christians to Muslims (with Druze counted as Muslims). With the Ta'if Agreement, the ratio changed to half and half..
(Source 3)

Does your country have a refugee problem?
-    Yes, 405,425
(Source 2)

Does your country have freedom of religion, press, speech?
-    The Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the freedom to practice all religious rites provided that the public order is not disturbed.
-    Press freedom body Reporters Without Borders says the media have more freedom in Lebanon than in any other Arab country, but nevertheless face "political and judicial machinations".
(Source 4)

Does your country have any issues with trafficking in persons?
-    Lebanon is a source and destination country for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically conditions of forced labor and forced prostitution.
(Source 6)

What are three current social/cultural issues in your country?
-    Lebanon's instability has in the past helped drown out the voices calling for gender equality. Over the last, relatively problem-free 12 months, however, those voices have become louder and more persistent – most notably in a campaign to alter Lebanon's discriminatory nationality law, which prevents Lebanese women married to non-Lebanese men from transferring their nationality to their husbands and children. (Source 5)
-    It neither made combating human trafficking a national priority nor allocated resources for protection of victims. It also made no concerted efforts to educate the Lebanese public regarding the issue. (Source 6)
-    For many partygoers, sniffing cocaine and other drugs is a normal part of going out in Beirut, especially during the crazy summer months. (Source 1)


1. Alami, M. (2010, August 2010). Party drug nation. Retrieved from


2. CIA- the world fact book . (2010, November 09). Retrieved from


3. Lebanon. (2010, October 25). Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35833.htm

4. Lebanon country profile. (2010, October 19). Retrieved from


5. Mahdawi , D. (2009, June 16). Lebanon: women want greater political representation. Retrieved

from http://www.wluml.org/node/5293

6. United States Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report 2010 - Lebanon, 14 June

2010, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4c1883e2c.html [accessed 18

November 2010]