Briefing Paper: Iraq/Social Cultural
• Population of Iraq: approx. 28,945,569
• Percentage of population under 14, between 15 and 64, and over 65: 38.8% (5,709,688 male/5,531,359 female) 58.2% (8,529,956 male/8,310,164 female) 3% (408,266 male/456,224 female)
• Ethnic make up of Iraq: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%
• Religious make up of Iraq: Muslim 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
• Literacy rate of Iraq: Total Population: 74.1%, Male: 84.1%, Female: 64.2%
• Maternal mortality rate of Iraq: 192 per 100,000 live births
• Infant mortality rate of Iraq: total: 44.65 per 1,000 live births, male: 49.03 per 1,000 live births, female: 40.05 per 1,000 live births
• Life expectancy for men and women in Iraq: total: 69.95 years, male: 68.61 years, female: 71.36 years
• How many years boys and girls go to school in Iraq: total: 10 years, male: 11 years, female: 8 years
• Status of women in Iraq: 63.9% of a nation wide vote said that Iraqi women felt like violence against them had increased since the U.S. invasion of 2003
• Does Iraq have a drug problem? Iraq has a drug problem. “A growing member of Iraqi security forces are becoming dependant on drugs and alcohol.” Some officials say that up to 50% of military officials use drugs and alcohol while on the job.
• AIDS/HIV or Infectious diseases in Iraq: fewer than 500 people have AIDS/HIV. Other major infectious diseases include: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, and H5N1 avian influenza.
• Relationship between religion and the public sector in Iraq: Islam dominates the public sector of Iraq.
• Refugee problem in Iraq: more Iraqi citizens have been fleeing their country than returning. In September 2008 “between 1.2 and 1.4 Iraqi refugees were in Syria alone. “
• Does Iraq have freedom of religion, press, and speech? Iraq is considered to be a constitutional democracy; therefore it technically does have the freedom religion, press, and speech.
• Does Iraq have problems with trafficking in people? “Human trafficking in the form of prostitution and labor has existed in Iraq for a long time.” Since 2003 Iraq has been a huge human trafficking source.
• Three current social/structural problems in Iraq:
o The U.S. conflict in Iraq is bringing about immense suffering on the Iraqi civilian population.
o Numerous sand storms and droughts cause many agricultural problems.
o It is very difficult for the government to find work for all the jobless people roaming around Iraq right now
1. 2010 CIA World Factbook and other sources: Iraq People 2010
6. Humanitarian Crisis in Iraq: Facts and Figures
7. Iraq People 2010
10. BBC News: Status of Women in Iraq
11. New York Times: Drug Problems in Iraq 2010
12. Iraq People 2010
14. Alternet.com: Refugee Crisis in Iraq
15. Washington Post: Freedom of Religion, press, and speech
16. Heartland Alliance.org: Advocacy of Human Trafficking
17. Social/Structural Problems
a. International Community of Red Cross: Abdul Kareem Al-Obaidi
b. Iraq International
c. Humanitarian News and Analysis: Middle East Problems