Iran

IRAN SOCIAL/CULTURAL

What is the population of your country?
76,923,300 (July 2010 est.)
(CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

What percentage of the country is under 14, between 15 and 64, and over 65?
0-14 years: 21.7% (male 7,394,841/female 7,022,076)
15-64 years: 72.9% (male 24,501,544/female 23,914,172)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 1,725,828/female 1,870,823) (2010 est.)
(CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

What is the ethnic make up of your country?
Persians 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%. (http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5314.htm Department of State website)

What is the religious make up of your country?
Shi'a Muslim 89%; Sunni Muslim 9%; Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2%. (http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5314.htm Department of State website)

What is the literacy rate?
(total population age 15 and over who can read and write, 2003)--79% (male: 86%, female: 73%). (http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5314.htm Department of State website)

What is the maternal mortality rate?
Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births: 76.
Maternal mortality in 2000, estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA

What is the infant mortality rate?
total: 43.45 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 43.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 42.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)
(CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

What is the life expectancy for men and women?
total population: 69.77 years
male: 68.32 years
female: 71.29 years (2010 est.)
(CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)
Life expectancy at birth (2010)--total population: 71.43 yrs.
(http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5314.htm Department of State website)

Approximately how many years do boys go to school?  How many years do girls attend school?
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 15 years (2008)
(CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

What is the status of women in your country?
Women’s rights limited:
Segregation; often strictly enforced dress codes; limited divorce, inheritance, child custody; Allowed a place in parliament, and as judges (don’t have the final say). Still refer to men for several decision-making processes, and do not have irrefutable rights for peaceful meetings/protests freedom of assembly.
 (Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2010 - Iran, 3 May 2010, available at UNHCR UN Refugee Agency site, http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,FREEHOU,,IRN,,4c0ceaec28,0.html)
Wearing hijab is required by law, and strict punishments are enacted for “bad hijab”. Freedom House, Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa 2010 - Iran, 3 March 2010, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4b990124c.html [accessed 14 November 2010]

Does your country have a drug problem?
Iran is a primary land route for narcotics trades and has one of the highest opiate addiction rates in the world
 (CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

Does your country have problems with AIDS/HIV or any other major infectious disease?
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.2% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 86,000 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 4,300 (2007 est.)
Other Major infectious diseases: Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, Vectorborne diseases: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and malaria
(CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

What is the relationship between religion and the public sector in your country?
The Islamic Republic of Iran, official title – Shi’a Islam is the official religion. (http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5314.htm Department of State website)
The laws in Iran are becomingly increasingly strict based on the Shari’a: there is no “separation of church and state”.

Does your country have a refugee problem?
refugees (country of origin): 914,268 (Afghanistan); 54,024 (Iraq) (2007)
(CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

Does your country have freedom of religion, press, speech?
Freedom of Religion:
Most of the existing religions are recognizes except Baha’i, which is periodically persecuted. All religions are required to follow Islamic dress and segregation laws. Unrecognized minorities can not be represented in the government.
 (Library of Congress Federal Research Division, Country Profile: Iran, March 2006)
No Freedom of the press/speech: government control on publishings and journalists, punishment for government criticism or “anti-Islamic” content. Internet censorship. Arrest, jailing, and blacklisting
Freedom House, Freedom of the Press 2010 - Iran, 1 October 2010, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4ca5cc5f1e.html [accessed 14 November 2010]
Freedom of speech is not guaranteed by the Iranian constitution. (Library of Congress Federal Research Division, Country Profile: Iran, March 2006)

Does your country have any issues with trafficking in persons?
Iran does not meet with UN standards for anti-trafficking and is rated as Tier 3, the worst of the worst among countries who do not officially prohibit or prevent trafficking. There is both sex trafficking and slave trafficking in Iran.
 (CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html)

What are three current social/cultural issues in your country?
1. Intense limitations of people’s freedoms under a severely Islamic government that restricts their freedom of religious actions (all forced to wear hijab regardless of religion), equal rights (gender equality), and self-expression (press, speech, and internet sanctions).
2. No enforced/official rules to punish or prevent human trafficking, sex or slave trade.
3. High amount of drug trafficking and addiction.

Comments