Egypt

Egypt: Politics
•    Chief of State: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak; he has been in power since October 14, 1981.

•    Egypt is a republic.

•    Egypt’s allies in the Middle East are Israel and Iran

•    Egypt’s ally in the world is the US

•    International Organizations: ABEDA, AFESD, CAEU, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, OAPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO

•    Three major political issues: Their election – women running, having religious political groups, the Muslim Brotherhood being terrorists, terrorists threats in the Sinai desert.

•    Political Parties: NDP (National Democratic Party), National Front Party, Nasserist Party, National Progressive Unionist Grouping (Tagammu), New Wafd Party (NWP), Tomorrow Party.

•    Anyone over 18 can vote.

•    The military has about 17 million men eligible for the army, and they all have to serve 12-36 months

•    Wars in the last 10 years: internal – against the Muslim Brotherhood

•    Independence Day: July 23, 1952

•    Constitution last revised on March 26, 2007

•    Egypt has conflicts with Israel, but they don’t view it as a threat as they are allies.  They more have conflicts with organizations in Israel than the government of Israel.

•    They are doing their best to keep religion out of their government, as there are many different religions present in Egypt.

•    I believe that Egypt has freedom of speech to some extent.  They have a few newspapers that are not monitored by the government and are in English.  There is some speaking out against the government, but not for the most part.


References: CIA World Factbook, http://www.modernegypt.info/egypt-since-1978/ , thedailynewsegypt.com

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