• Chief of State: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak; he has been in power since October 14, 1981.
• Egypt is a republic.
• Egypt’s allies in the Middle East are Israel and Iran
• Egypt’s ally in the world is the US
• International Organizations: ABEDA, AFESD, CAEU, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, OAPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
• Three major political issues: Their election – women running, having religious political groups, the Muslim Brotherhood being terrorists, terrorists threats in the Sinai desert.
• Political Parties: NDP (National Democratic Party), National Front Party, Nasserist Party, National Progressive Unionist Grouping (Tagammu), New Wafd Party (NWP), Tomorrow Party.
• Anyone over 18 can vote.
• The military has about 17 million men eligible for the army, and they all have to serve 12-36 months
• Wars in the last 10 years: internal – against the Muslim Brotherhood
• Independence Day: July 23, 1952
• Constitution last revised on March 26, 2007
• Egypt has conflicts with Israel, but they don’t view it as a threat as they are allies. They more have conflicts with organizations in Israel than the government of Israel.
• They are doing their best to keep religion out of their government, as there are many different religions present in Egypt.
• I believe that Egypt has freedom of speech to some extent. They have a few newspapers that are not monitored by the government and are in English. There is some speaking out against the government, but not for the most part.
References: CIA World Factbook, http://www.modernegypt.info/egypt-since-1978/ , thedailynewsegypt.com