Specific primary documents and questions will be assigned to augment topics discussed in lecture. Please see below or the lecture schedule for specific dates. Each response must be 1-2 or 2-3 pages long depending on the topic. Responses are worth 15 or 20 points depending on length. Discussions are due during class and students must specifically refer to the documents to receive full credit. Please cite using in-text citations (p. 27) or footnotes. Failure to include citations will result in a loss of points.
1 - Enlightenment, 11 Sept (2-3 pages)
Condorcet, Future Progress of the Human Mind
Hume, On the Dignity of Human Nature
Locke, Theory of Knowledge, p. 113
Paine, Essays on Religion (just read the section titled "Biblical Blasphemy")
Paine, On The Religion of Deism
Locke, Letters Concerning Toleration, p. 39
1. What do these writers assume about human nature?
2. What do they see as the problems with Christianity?
3. Where do Rousseau's ideas agree and disagree with traditional American understandings of rights and the role of government?
2 - Guaranteed Rights, 18 Sept (in class only)
Declaration of the Rights of Man
1. Where do these documents agree and disagree with each other?
3 - Radical Revolution, 25 Sept. (2 pages)
1. What ideas is Robespierre espousing to support the Terror?
2. The French Revolution in many ways is a reflection of the Enlightenment ideas though taken to an extreme. What ideas in the next 3 documents resemble Enlightenment ones and where have they departed from these ideals?
3. Where does Napoleon agree and disagree with revolutionary ideas? What does he mean by the difference between liberty and equality?
1. Conservatives, by definition, tend to value tradition and are suspicious of radical, new ideas. Identify the conservative approaches in these documents. What do these authors see as the problems with Enlightenment and liberal ideas?
5. Industrial Revolution - 7 Oct (2 pages)
2. Why do some of these writers oppose reform?
6. Liberalism - 14 Oct (in class)
7. Women's Movement - 26 Oct (2 pages)
1. Looking at the documents, why should women not be granted more rights and opportunities?
2. How are these statements countered in the other documents?
8. Responses to Industrialization- 2 Nov (2 pages)
As the Industrial Revolution continued in the nineteenth century, reformers were horrified by its influence. Identify the issues of special concern to these writers. What do they propose as solutions to these problems?
9. Nationalism - 9 Nov (in class)
1. How des de Stael differentiate between these different groups? What are their unique characteristics?
2. Looking at these documents, what is nationalism and how will it change Europe?
10. The Challenge of New Ideas - 23 Nov (2 pages)
Darwin, The Origin of Species
1. What objections does he identify and how does he respond to these?
2. Where does creationism (as Darwin defines this term) have problem according to this document?
11. Imperialism – 2 Dec (in class)
1. What arguments are given in support of Imperialism?
2. What are some of the influences of this movement as seen in the documents?