It is useful to think of students within the context of their cognitive development, or the continuum from simple to more complex stages of thinking and knowing. This concept is relevant to all instructors as they design their courses to initially "meet students where they are" and then create activities that will encourage students' development toward the more complex stages or positions. There are several well-known models of cognitive development. Below are very brief summaries of each and links to resources for further exploration.
--Table from Laurie Richlin's Blueprint for Learning: Constructing College Courses to Facilitate, Assess, and Document Learning
(Stylus, 2006, p. 42) See green callout box to the right for discount purchase.
Reflect, Respond, or Interact
Think about how you see your students fitting into this model. What does it help you understand about them and their learning?
Blueprint for Learning