4. Ammonification / Nitrogen Mineralization

Organic Forms of Nitrogen arrow-rightNH4+
      The process of ammonification is the result of the breakdown of organic matter such as dead animals and plants or waste materials like excrement. This breakdown is accomplished by scores of microorganisms which utilize dead organic material for energy and produce ammonia and related compounds as a byproduct of their metabolisms. Ammonification classically occurs in the soil, in an aerobic environment which gives the bacteria and other microorganisms oxygen to work with.