Second Grade


Second grade is a year of transitions and curriculum milestones. Our second grade students will spend less time learning how to read the words on a page and more time reading to learn.  Students will be encouraged to apply comprehension strategies to the texts they read to gain meaning, as well as continue to learn how to read texts fluently.  Not all of our students are fluent readers just yet, but with practice, most will make giant strides and will quickly learn that when fluency improves, so does comprehension.  Our second graders will be expected to read independently and at times may be asked to answer questions about the text that they read.  Some questions may not be explicitly stated in the text, challenging students to make inferences using background knowledge and clues from the text.  A second grader’s reading material will become more complex and may contain some vocabulary that your child is not familiar with.  Reading material will vary from storybooks, nonfiction texts, articles, chapter books, and magazines.  The best way to help your child progress as a reader this year is to read with him or her every day.  Your child may prefer to read on his or her own.  In this instance, when your child is done reading, ask him or her several different questions about the text to check in on your child’s comprehension.  Discuss key vocabulary words to help expand your child’s growing vocabulary. 

In addition, writing is a major component of second grade. Some teachers may require students to keep a journal, or respond to a daily writing response.  Second grade teachers will expect students to spell high frequency words correctly, apply appropriate spelling patterns when spelling unknown words, and use capitalization and punctuation correctly.  Additionally, teachers will model the proper way to respond to open-ended writing prompts after reading a text, and will practice this important skill with students throughout the school year.  By the end of second grade, students will be expected to independently respond to open-ended writing prompts about the texts they read.

This year, you can expect your second grader to:

  • Identify common “chunk” sounds in words
  • Review the 100 Fry sight words learned in first grade
  • Identify 100 second grade Fry sight words in a “snap.”
  • Decode unfamiliar words using the 8 reading strategies
  • Utilize reading comprehension strategies to understand and analyze text
  • Connect with a characters’ feeling/actions
  • Identify the main idea and supporting details of a text
  • Sequence the events of a text
  • Decide the Author’s Purpose for writing a text
  • Summarize the key points of a text
  • Describe cause and effect of events in a text
  • Compare and contrast characters and texts
  • Discover the central theme of a story
  • Read with expression and proper phrasing
  • Self-select a variety of fiction and nonfiction books
  • Respond to open-ended writing prompts
  • Utilize high frequency words and common spelling patterns when writing
  • Use capitalization and punctuation correctly when writing
Your second grader can practice these important skills by visiting the sub-pages in this section.  Have fun!

“Always walk through life as if you have something new to learn and you will”.   -Vernon Howard