Child Nutrition Act Legislation

Bills that contain Farm to School Provisions

Bill Name
 Bill Number
Introduced By
 Co-Sponsors  Description
Growing Farm to School Programs Act of 2010
S. 3123
Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
17 Co-Sponsors:
Bennet (D-CO)
Brown (D-OH)
Casey (D-PA)
Durbin (D-IL)
Franken (D-MN)
Gillibrand (D-NY)
Harkin (D-IA)
Klobuchar (D-MN)
Merkley (D-OR)
Murray (D-WA)
Sanders (I-VT)
Schumer (D-NY)
Shaheen (D-NH)
Specter (D-PA)
Stabenow (D-MI)
Tester (D-MT)
Udall (D-NM)

Amends the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to replace the farm-to-cafeteria program with a program providing competitive matching grants and technical assistance to improve access to local foods by schools participating in the school lunch or breakfast programs.

Gives priority to projects that: (1) benefit local small- and medium-sized farms; (2) serve a high proportion of children who are eligible for free or reduced price lunches; and (3) incorporate experiential nutrition education by involving school children in farm and garden-based agricultural education activities.
Farm to School Improvements Act of 2010
H.R. 4710
Rep. Rush Holt (D-NJ)  

30 Co-Sponsors:
Baldwin (D-WI)
Blumenauer (D-OR)

Boyd (D-FL)
Carnahan (D-MO)
Clarke (D-NY)
Dahlkemper (D-PA)
Davis (D-TN)
Ellison (D-MN)
Grijalva (D-AZ)
Johnson (D-GA)
Kagen (D-WI)
Kaptur (D-OH)
Kennedy (D-RI)
Loebsack (D-IA)
McGovern (D-MA)
McIntyre (D-NC)
Meek (D-FL)
Miller (D-CA)
Murphy (D-PA)
Pallone (D-NJ)
Pingree (D-ME)
Polis (D-CO)
Ross (D-AR)
Rothman (D-NJ)
Schakowsky (D-IL)
Scott (D-VA)
Sestak (D-PA)
Shuler (D-NC)
Welch (D-VT)
Wu (D-OR)

Includes $50 million in mandatory funding (over 5 years) for a Farm to School competitive grant program, which would support the planning, implementation, and training, and technical assistance required for successful farm to school projects.

Requires the Secretary to provide technical assistance and information on Farm to School.

Healthy Food in Schools Act of 2010
S. 3144
Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-CA)
1 Co-Sponsor:
Hagan (D-NC)
Creates grants for schools to increase availability of fresh fruits and vegetables

Funds implementation of farm to school programs

Provide school cafeterias with the equipment they need to prepare healthier food

With H.R. 4333 creates a National School Salad Bar Policy.

Children's Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Act of 2009 H.R. 4333 Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA)

54 Co-Sponsors:
Baca (D-CA)
Blumenauer (D-OR)
Boccieri (D-OH)
Braley (D-IA)
Capps (D-CA)
Carnahan (D-MO)
Conyers (D-MI)
Costa (D-CA)
Courtney (D-CT)
DeGette (D-CO)
Driehaus (D-OH)
Ellison (D-MN)
Filner (D-CA)
Fudge (D-OH)
Grayson (D-FL)
Hinchey (D-NY)
Hirono (D-HI)
Honda (D-CA)
Jackson (D-IL)
Jackson-Lee (D-TX)
Johnson (D-GA)
Kagen (D-WI)
Kildee (D-MI)
Kilpatrick (D-MI)
Lofgren (D-CA)
Matsui (D-CA)
McCarthy (D-NY)
McGovern (D-MA)
Michaud (D-ME)
Moran (D-VA)
Napolitano (D-CA)
Neal (D-MA)
Norton (D-DC)
Olver (D-MA)
Pascrell (D-NJ)
Pastor (D-AZ)
Platts (R-PA)
Putnum (R-FL)
Richardson (D-CA)
Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL)
Roybal-Allard (D-CA)
Sanchez (D-CA)
Schiff (D-CA)
Schmidt (R-OH)
Serrano (D-NY)
Sestak (D-PA)
Speier (D-CA)
Thompson (D-CA)
Wasserman Schultz (D-FL)
Watson (D-CA)
Waxman (D-CA)
Welch (D-VT)
Woolsey (D-CA)
Wu (D-OR)

Provides competitive matching grants and technical assistance to schools and nonprofit entities to carry out farm-to-school programs.

Promotes the use of salad or fruit and vegetable bars in schools participating in the school lunch program; and provides one-time grants to assist with start-up costs.

Provides funds for competitive awards to schools for the purchase of school kitchen equipment.

Directs the Secretary to identify and remove barriers to the purchase of fruits and vegetables for school meals.

Directs the Secretary to update school meal nutrition standards to comply with IOM recommendations within 2 years.

National Farm-to-School Act of 2010
H.R. 5456
Rep. Betty McCollum (D-MN)    
24 Co-Sponsors:
Blumenauer (D-OR)
Carnahan (D-MO)
Courtney (D-CT)
Ellison (D-MN)
Green (D-TX)
Grijalva (D-AZ)
Holt (D-NJ)
Kagen (D-WI)
Kaptur (D-OH)
Kind (D-WI)
Latham (R-IA)
Loebsack (D-IA)
Lujan (D-NM)
Michaud (D-ME)
Moore (D-KS)
Moran (D-VA)
Perriello (D-VA)
Pingree (D-ME)
Putnam (R-FL)
Schakowsky (D-IL)
Scott (D-VA)
Shuler (D-NC)
Van Hollen (D-MD) 
Walz (D-MN)
Would authorize discretionary funding for a competitive grant program supporting Farm to School programs at USDA
Healthy Communities through Helping to Offer Incentives and Choices to Everyone in Society Act of 2010H.R. 5209
 Rep. Ron Kind
4 Co-Sponsors:
Blumenauer (D-OR)
Bono Mack (R-CA)
Fudge (D-OH)
Sablan (D-MP)
Aimed at combating obesity and includes language authorizing Farm to School programs

Child Nutrition Marker Bills

 Bill Name    
Bill Number
Introduced By    
Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010
S. 3307
Sen. Blanche Lincoln (D-AR)
(no co-sponsors)
Passed by the Senate Agriculture Committee on March 24, 2010.

Includes an additional $4.5 billion in funding for nutrition programs over 10 years.

Includes $40 million in mandatory funding for Farm to School programs.

Includes improvements to current law including nutrition standards, increase reimbursements, and improvements in program access
Improving Nutrition for America's Children Act of 2010
H.R. 5504
Rep. George Miller (D-CA)
30 Co-Sponsors:
Andrews (D-NJ)
Bishop (D-NY)
Capps (D-CA)
Chu (D-CA)
Clarke (D-NY)
Courtney (D-CT)
Davis (D-CA)

Fudge (D-OH)
Grijalva (D-AZ)
Hare (D-IL)
Hinojosa (D-TX)
Hirono (D-HI)
Holt (D-NJ)
Kildee (D-MI)
Kucinich (D-OH)
Loebsack (D-IA)
McCarthy (D-NY)

McGovern (D-MA)
Payne (D-NJ)
Platts (R-PA)
Pierluisi (D-PR)
Polis (D-CO)
Sablan (D-MP)
Scott (D-VA)
Sestak (D-PA)
Shea-Porter (D-NH)
Titus (D-NV)
Tonko (D-NY)
Woolsey (D-CA)
Wu (D-OR)

Introduced by Education and Labor Committee Chairman Miller on June 10, 2010, to improve the quality of meals children eat both in and out of school and in childcare settings.

Supports community efforts to reduce childhood hunger.

Establishes nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools.

Includes around $8 billion in additional funding for nutrition programs over 10 years.

Includes $50 million in mandatory funding for Farm to School programs.

Other Child Nutrition Legislation

Priority Area
 Bill NameBill NumberIntroduced ByDescription
Nutrition Quality The Child Nutrition Promotion and School Lunch Protection Act of 2009S. 934

H.R. 1324
Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA)

Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D-CA)
Nutrition Standards for Competitive foods:

Requires the Secretary of Agriculture to establish science-based nutrition standards for foods served on school campuses outside the school meals programs.

Applies such standards to all foods sold in schools, anywhere on the school campus, throughout the school day.

Nutrition Quality
Healthy Food for Healthy Schools Act

 S. 1650

H.R. 4607
Sen. Blanche Lincoln (D-AR)

Rep. Dave Loebsack (D-IA)
Commodities in School Meals:

Directs USDA to create models for the procurement and processing of commodities so that they meet the most recent dietary guidelines.

Directs USDA to carry out a study to analyze nutrition info available to school food authorities about food service products and commodities, and submit the report to Congress with legislative recommendations.

Nutrition Quality
(this bill does not have a name)
S. 1500
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)Prohibition of Trans Fats in School Meals:

Prohibits any school that participates in the federal school meal pgrograms from serving foods that contain trans fats derived from partially hydrogenated oils.

Nutrition Quality
Safe Food for Schools Act of 2009
S. 1693

H.R. 4590
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)

Rep. Joe Sestak (D-PA)
Food Safety:

Requires the Secretary to ensure the safety of school meals by enhancing coordination with states and schools operating federal school meal programs in the case of a recall of contaminated food.

Nutrition Information and Education
Amend section 204 of the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act
H.R. 4958
Rep. Joe Baca (D-CA)
Nutrition Education:

Requires all educational agencies participating in National School Lunch Act or Child Nutrition Act to include 50 hours of nutrition education for students each school year

Nutrition Information and Education
Healthy Food Choices for Kids ActH.R. 2322Rep. Bruce Braley (D-IA)Nutrition Education:

Awards grants to up to 10 states for nutrition education, requiring them to:

(1) post nutritional content information in school cafeterias regarding the food they serve; and

(2) teach students how to make healthy food selections.

Nutrition Information and Education
Food Marketing in Schools Assessment Act
H.R. 3625
Rep. Carolyn McCarthy (D-NY)
Marketing of Food and Beverages:

Requires the Secretary of Education to study and report on the marketing of foods and beverages in elementary and secondary schools.

Nutrition Information and Education
NEW Schools Act
H.R. 5090
Rep. Jared Polis (D-CO)

Amends the National School Lunch Act to promote health of schoolchildren through effective local wellness policies, technical assistance, training, support for healthy schools foods and nutrition promotion and education.

Establishes Wellness and Nutrition Network to create and assess programs.
Nutrition Information and EducationFIT Kids Act
H.R. 1585
Rep. Ronald Kind (D-WI)

Requires annual state and local educational agency assessments on school health and physical education programs.

Promotes healthy active lifestyles and revises professional development program for teachers and principals. 
Stop Obesity in Schools Act of 2009H.R. 2044Rep. Nita Lowey (D-NY)Childhood Obesity:

Requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to develop a national strategy to reduce childhood obesity, that includes:

(1) reduction of childhood obesity rates by 10% by the year 2013;

(2) matching grants to local educational agencies, and state/local governments to reduce childhood obesity through wellness policies and anti-obesity initiatives; and

(3) an evaluation of a wide-range of existing programs designed to prevent child obesity to determine their effectiveness, and feasibility of replicating such programs

Healthy Habits School Challenge Program
H.R. 5113
Rep. Kathleen Dahlkemper (D-PA)

Amends Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and establishes program to reduce childhood obesity by recognizing schools that promote good nutrition and physical education
Afterschool MealsAfterschool Flexibility to Expand Reimbursement for School Meals Act S. 990

H.R. 3321
Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)

Rep. Gwen Moore (D-WI)
Afterschool Meals:

Expands the Afterschool Meal program nationwide.
(Currently, only available in 10 states.)

Allows schools to serve afterschool meals the through the NSLP.
(Currently the program must be operated through CACFP.)

Provides funding to state agencies to assist with start up costs and support efforts to expand participation.

Afterschool MealsEnsuring All Students Year-round (EASY) Access to Meals and Snacks ActH.R. 4274Rep. Rick Larsen (D-WA)Streamline Afterschool Meals and Snacks:

Allows community-based and local government afterschool providers in all states to provide nutritious meals and snacks year-round through the Summer Food Service Program.

Complements the Afterschool Meals Act by streamlining out-of-school time nutrition programs for nonprofit and local government sponsors.

Summer Food
(this bill does not have a name)
S. 3040

H.R. 4734
Sen. Richard Lugar (R-IN)

Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D-CA)
Summer Food in Rural Areas:

Amends National School Lunch Act to reimburse summer food service programs

Provides competitive grants to service institutions to increase participation for those with limited transportation and at congregate sites in summer food programs

Summer Food    
Summer Food Service Rural Expansion Act
H.R. 540
Rep. Todd Platts (R-PA)
Summer Food in Rural Areas:

Expands eligibility for Summer Food Service Programs to include Rural areas where at least 40% of the children meet eligibility requirements for free or reduced price school meals.
(currently 50% for all locals)

Applies such 40% threshold to rural areas of all states and makes it permanent.

School BreakfastStudent Breakfast and Education Improvement Act of 2009
S. 1480

H.R. 3277
Sen. Herb Kohl (D-WI)

Rep. Gwen Moore (D-WI)
Breakfast Expansion:

Provides competitive grants for breakfast expansion efforts to schools with at least 65% of students eligible for free and reduced meals.

Encourages universal breakfast served in the classroom and the incorporation of local food into breakfast and lessons.

School Breakfast
Universal Classroom Breakfast Expansion Act
H.R. 4325Rep. Paul Tonko (D-NY)
Universal Classroom Breakfast Programs:  

Sets up a competitive grant program to provide start-up costs associated with establishing a universal classroom breakfast program, including purchasing equipment, training staff, securing technical assistance, and distributing materials to encourage participation.

Requires schools receiving grant money to agree to provide breakfast in the classroom free of charge to all students for at least three years.

Targets grants to schools with the highest percentages of students qualifying for free and reduced-price meals.

School Breakfast
Healthy Start Act
H.R. 4638
Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (D-SD)
Commodities in School Breakfast:

Requires commodity assistance to be provided to States participating in the school breakfast program, in the form of 5 cents per meal.

Early ChildhoodAccess to Nutritious Meals for Young Children Act
S. 2749     

H.R. 4402
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)

Rep. Paul Tonko (D-NY)

CACFP Nutrition Quality:

Increases CACFP Reimbursement.

Adds a third meal or snack option for CACFP centers and homes.

Improves area eligibility for CACFP homes.

Increases administrative rate for sponsoring organizations.

Streamlines and simplifies programs.

Eligibility/AccessMilitary Family Nutrition Protection Act of 2009S. 581Sen. Michael Bennet (D-CO)Military Family Income and Eligibility:

Excludes combat pay from household income in calculating a child's eligibility for free or reduced price meals, and from a family’s income in calculating SNAP and WIC eligibility.

America's Right-to-Eat Rescue Act of 2009 
H.R. 501Rep. Joe Baca (D-CA)Poverty Line and Eligibility:

Requires that all States and the District of Columbia use the poverty line currently determined for Alaska during a 6-month period for the purpose of carrying out the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 and the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act.

Eligibility/AccessSchool Meal Enhancement Act of 2009H.R. 2690Rep. Joe Sestak (D-PA)Universal, Paperless School Meal Program:

Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to implement a school-wide paperless free school meal program for schools that have at least 75% of students eligible for free or reduced price meals

Requires the Secretary to issue guidance that establishes an alternate, paperless method of determining such estimated eligibility rates.

Eligibility/AccessPaperless Enrollment for School Meals Act of 2009
S. 1226

H.R. 2803
Sen. Robert Casey (D-PA)

Rep. Chaka Fattah (D-PA)
Paperless Applications/Universal Meals:

Allows high-poverty schools to serve universal free breakfast and lunch for five years and receive reimbursement based on local socioeconomic data rather than applications.

Eligibility/AccessEnhancing Child Health with Automatic School Meal Enrollment Act of 2009
S. 1293
Sen. Michael Bennet (D-CO)
Direct Certification:

Require states to use data matching processes and automatically enroll eligible children without requiring any further action by their households.

Sets a state performance standard for direct certification.

Requires that states that directly certify less than 95 percent of eligible children implement a corrective action plan for the current year, and an improvement plan for the following year.

Eligibility/AccessHunger Free Schools Act of 2009
S. 1343

H.R. 4148
Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH)

Rep. David Loebsack (R-IA)
Direct Certification and Paperless Applications/Universal Meals:

Requires school districts to utilize Medicaid and SCHIP data for direct certification for children with incomes up to 133% of the federal poverty line.

Sets a state performance standard for direct certification. Requires that states that directly certify less than 95 percent of eligible children implement a corrective action plan for the current year, and a improvement plan for the following year.

Allows high-poverty schools to serve universal free breakfast and lunch for five years and receive reimbursement based on local socioeconomic data rather than applications.

Adds categorical eligibility for military families.

Eligibility/AccessExpand School Meals Act of 2009
S. 1737

H.R. 3705

Sen. Al Franken (D-MN)

Rep. Keith Ellison (D-MN)
Elimination Reduced-Price Meal Category:

Raises the threshold for free meals to 185% of the poverty line.

Includes provisions aimed at alternate meal polices to reduce stigma.

Eligibility/Access(this bill does not have a name)
S. 1499 Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
Expand Eligibility for Free Meals

This bill aims to expand eligibility for free school meals to certain families in areas with greater than fair market rent, if their family income does not exceed 185% federal poverty level.

Eligibility/Access, School Breakfast, and Afterschool MealsBalancing Act of 2009H.R. 3047Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D-CA)Universal Breakfast; Afterschool Meal Program Expansion; Elimination of Reduced Priced Lunch:

Includes a provision allowing all schools to serve breakfast free of charge to all students. Provides start-up assistance for schools to begin serving breakfast.

Expands the existing Afterschool Meal Program from ten states to all through CACFP.

Allows schools to serve free lunch to students at or below 185 percent of the federal poverty line. (Eliminates the reduced-price category for lunch.)

 SupportNational Healthy Schools Day Support
H.R. 1280
Rep. Paul Tenko (D-NY)

Expresses support of the House of Representatives for the goals and ideals of National Healthy Schools Day


Other Related Bills

  • H.R.1378 Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Management Act of 2009
  • S.456 Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Management Act of 2009
  • H.R.1869 The White House Conference on Food and Nutrition
  • H.R.1585 Fitness Integrated with Teaching (FIT) Kids Act
  • H.R.1403 School Food Recovery Act
  • H.R.176 Anti-hunger Empowerment Act of 2009

Thanks to our friends at the Food Research and Action Center (FRAC) for helping to provide some of this valuable information.