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1830 Overview of Federal Census of Jackson County

Contributed by Sharon Key

President John Q. Adams recommended starting the 1830 census earlier in the year than August 1 (as in previous censuses). He also proposed that the collection of age data be started from infancy, in intervals of 10 years, "to the utmost boundaries of life." These changes were made to the census act of March 23, 1830.  The 1830 census commenced on June 1 and (due to delays in compilation of the census returns) the filing date was extended to August 1, 1831.

Marshals or their assistants visited every dwelling for enumeration, or made a personal inquiry of the head of every family in their district. In 1830, enumerators were provided with uniform, printed schedules.  In prior censuses whatever paper was available had been used and had been designed and bound by the enumerators themselves. Availability of uniform, printed schedules made tabulations by the federal census clerks much more efficient. 

The 1830 census counted the population only. No attempt was made to collect additional data on manufacturing and industry in the United States in 1830.

Florida did not become a U.S. State until 1845, so is shown as a “territory” on the 1830 census with a population of 34,730 persons (19,229 free whites and 15,501 slaves).

There was no differentiation as to where in Jackson County the population was living.  In addition, Native Americans were not counted.  The 1830 census of Jackson County, Florida captured the following data:

FREE WHITE PERSONS

     Heads of Families

386 Heads of Families listed

    

Males

Females

               Under 5 years of age.

231

200

               Of five and under ten.

141

137

               Of ten and under fifteen.

106

94

               Of fifteen and under twenty.

85

115

               Of twenty and under thirty.

326

151

               Of thirty and under forty.

161

79

               Of forty and under fifty.

72

47

               Of fifty and under sixty.

44

18

               Of sixty and under seventy.

16

7

               Of seventy and under eighty.

4

4

               Of eighty and under ninety.

0

1

               Of ninety and under one hundred,

0

1

               Of one hundred and upwards.

0

0

SUBTOTAL

1186

854

 

SLAVES

Males

Females

          Under ten years of age.

304

291

          Of ten and under twenty-four.

327

313

          Of twenty-four and under thirty-six.

204

177

          Of thirty-six and under fifty-five.

112

94

          Of fifty-five and under one hundred.

21

11

          Of one hundred and upwards.

0

0

SUBTOTAL

968

886

 

FREE COLORED PERSONS

Males

Females

          Under ten years of age.

0

3

          Of ten and under twenty-four.

6

1

          Of twenty-four and under thirty-six.

2

0

          Of thirty-six and under fifty-five.

0

1

          Of fifty-five and under one hundred.

0

0

          Of one hundred and upwards.

0

0

SUBTOTAL

8

5

 

PERSONS INCLUDED IN THE FOREGOING:

White

Slaves and Colored

     Who are Deaf and Dumb under 14.

1

0

     Who are Deaf and Dumb 14 – 25.

0

0

     Who are Deaf and Dumb 25 and up.

0

0

     Who are blind. 

1

3

     ALIENS—Foreigners not naturalized.

4

Not collected

 

TOTALS

     White Males

1186

     White Females

854

     Male Slaves

968

     Female Slaves

886

     Free Male - Colored

8

     Free Female - Colored

5

TOTAL ALL SOULS

3907