Contributed by Sharon Key
President John Q. Adams recommended starting the 1830 census earlier in the year than August 1 (as in previous censuses). He also proposed that the collection of age data be started from infancy, in intervals of 10 years, "to the utmost boundaries of life." These changes were made to the census act of March 23, 1830. The 1830 census commenced on June 1 and (due to delays in compilation of the census returns) the filing date was extended to August 1, 1831.
Marshals or their assistants visited every dwelling for enumeration, or made a personal inquiry of the head of every family in their district. In 1830, enumerators were provided with uniform, printed schedules. In prior censuses whatever paper was available had been used and had been designed and bound by the enumerators themselves. Availability of uniform, printed schedules made tabulations by the federal census clerks much more efficient.
The 1830 census counted the population only. No attempt was made to collect additional data on manufacturing and industry in the United States in 1830.
Florida did not become a U.S. State until 1845, so is shown as a “territory” on the 1830 census with a population of 34,730 persons (19,229 free whites and 15,501 slaves).
There was no differentiation as to where in Jackson County the population was living. In addition, Native Americans were not counted. The 1830 census of Jackson County, Florida captured the following data: