Franklin D. Roosevelt: President Franklin D. Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York. He was the 32nd president of the United States. In 1921, while on vacation with his family, Roosevelt became infected with polio. He had three vice presidents. Roosevelt signed a declaration of war against Japan on December 8, 1941. The day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt gave the famous "Infamy Speech." Roosevelt stretched out a Lend - Lease to the Soviet Union when the Nazi army attacked them in June, 1941. The Lend - Lease Act that Roosevelt was always sending out to his allies would give those countries weapons, vehicles, food, clothing, and even new soldiers. Roosevelt also sent a Lend - Lease plan to Great Britain after they had been attacked. Roosevelt helped his allies a lot. He also sent a Lend - Lease Act to the Chinese Forces. To be prepared for the war, which he did not want to be in, he ordered a Peacetime Draft. All men between 21 and 39 had to register to join the army. U.S factories started making guns, tanks, planes, and bombs to be prepared for the war. Roosevelt thought Japanese forces would attack other places in the Pacific, such as the Philipines. He was right.
Joseph Stalin: Dictator Joseph Stalin was born on December 18, 1879 in Gori, Georgia (not the state in America but the country in Europe). As a child, Joseph did very well in school. He got a scholarship to a place where priests were trained. Stalin was exiled, or sent out of his home country, eight times between 1902 and 1913, and he escaped seven of those eight times! He became dictator of the Soviet Union in 1929. Stalin signed a pact with Adolf Hitler on August 23, 1939 that said both countries would not be aggressive to the other country. Around two years later on June 22, 1941, Hitler broke the pact with Stalin. After Hitler broke the pact with him, Stalin was furious. Stalin's army attacked Berlin, Germany on May 2, 1945 and they took over the city. Stalin became involved in war with one of his allies, the United States, after World War II. This war took place a couple of years after he died, and it was called the Cold War. Stalin was the second leader of the Soviet Union (USSR.). He died on March 5,1953 at the age of 74.
Winston Churchill: Prime Minister Winston Churchill was born on Novenber 30, 1874 in Oxfordshire, England. After he left the army in 1899, he went to South Africa to be a journalist, but was captured by the Boers. Churchill did escape from the Boers a couple of days later. In 1901, he entered the House of Commons which is like the House of Representatives in America. Churchill served in Parliament, which is the legislature, from 1901 to 1922. In the 1930s, he wrote a biography about one of his ancestors, John Churchill. In 1940, he became the prime minister of England. He was an artist, a politician, and a soldier before he was the Prime Minister of England. Churchill's country, England, was in war with Germany during World War II. Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin were allies during WWII and were called the Big Three. Churchill gave hundreds of famous speeches to his country during the second world war. At the beginning of the war, Churchill was appointed First Post of Admiralty. Winston Churchill died on January 24, 1965. Britain may have been destroyed by the Germans, but they fought on.
Harry S. Truman: President Harry S. Truman was born on May 8, 1884. He served as president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. Truman had only been vice president of the United States for 82 days when the surprisng death of Franklin Roosevelt on April 12, 1945 put him into the presidency. Truman respected Roosevelt very much, so much so that he said he would get struck by lighting, get shot in the heart, and be hung for him. Truman had many different famous sayings, such as "If you can't convince them, confuse them." He decided to drop the atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. One of the bombs that Truman decided to drop was called the Little Boy. Soon after World War II, Truman declared war against the Soviet Union. This war was called the Cold War. Truman died on December 26, 1972 at the age of 88.
Adolf Hitler: Dictator Adolf Hitler was born on April 20,1889 in Braunau, Austria. Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933, but by the summer of that year he became dictator. He began World War II in 1939 by attacking Poland. Hitler was the leader of the Nazis, a group of German soldiers who killed over three million Jewish people. Hitler may have killed three million Jews, but during WWII, his army killed over 11 million people. Hitler said the Nazi party would last for 1,000 years, however, he was wrong, it only lasted from its start until a week after his death. Hitler's own soldiers became so needy for a promotion that they tried to assassinate, or kill him, so they could have a promotion. He may have hated a lot of people, but he loved animals, especially his German Shepard. Hitler died on April 30, 1945 by commiting suicide with his wife Eva Braun. Today, there are people who believe they have seen Hitler's ghost. By 1940, Hitler and his army conquered the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, Denmark, Norway, and most of France.
Benito Mussolini: Prime Minister Benito Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 . Mussolini was very misbehaved, aggressive, and disobedient when he was a child. He was also a bully at school, so his village teacher and the school board sent him to a boarding school. While he was at the boarding school, he got even worse. He stabbed a fellow pupil with a penknife and beat a Salesian that had tried to beat him. In 1919, Mussolini launched his fascist movement. It was called the Italian Combat Fascists. Fascists believe that total control is what is needed for a country. He was elected the prime minister of Italy on October 31, 1922. Mussolini signed a friendship paper with Ethiopia in 1928. Mussolini declared war against Britain and France on June 10, 1940. After Italy lost its war in 1942, Mussolini's power was gone in about six months. He and his mistress were
hung and killed on April 29, 1945.
Picture of Mussolini's dead body,
while being hung next to his mistress. ( who is not in the picture.)
This is a news cover stating that Pearl Harbor had been attacked, and that
Roosevelt declared war on Japan.
Hirohito Showa: Emperor Hirohito Showa was born on April 29, 1901. He became the 124th emperor of Japan on December 25, 1926. Hirohito's family was meant to be on the throne. His father was an emperor, Showa was an emperor, so was his son, and even his grandfather! Showa surrendered to the United States in the summer of 1945. He was put in a Gakushuin, or a peers school, where he was put in a class of twelve boys. Two of
his imperial cousins were in that class. Hirohito is famous for ordering the attack on Pearl
Harbor by the Japanese army on December 7, 1941. The attack on Pearl Harbor destroyed eighteen
United States ships and killed 3,000 American soldiers. Hirohito not only attacked the United States'
forces but he also attacked the Chinese army. While the war was going on, Hirohito refused to go outside
his Royal Palace in Tokyo, Japan, even during battles, bombings, and air raids. Hirohito's army invaded
many countries in 1940, such as Cambodia and Vietnam, which was called French Indochina back then.
Please look at the powerpoint presentation in the attachments made to go along with this page.