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Learning Targets


Reading Study Guide
  • I can explain how ancient peoples came to the America.
    1. I will explain how Native Americans lived in North America.
    2. I will learn how societies in West Africa developed kingdoms, trade, and art.
    3. I can identify the countries that competed with Spain for control over the territories in the Americas.
    4. I will explain how the Columbian Exchange impacted the world.
    5. I can identify causes of African slavery in the Americas.
      1. I will explain how the English established the first permanent colony in North America.
      2. I will identify the two Christian groups that founded the New England Colonies.
      3. I can identify the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies.
      4. I can explain reasons that the colonies were founded.
      5. I can identify the four colonial regions.
      6. I will explain how the people who settled the Middle Colonies made a society of great diversity.
      7. I can identify economic factors which helped the Middle Colonies prosper.
        1. I can explain how the economy of the Southern Colonies began to depend on slavery.
        2. I can identify features of the four regions of the English Colonies.
        3. I will explain John Locke's philosophy concerning natural rights.
          1. I can identify four rights guaranteed by the Magna Carta.
          2. I can explain how the English Bill of Rights limited government.
            1. I can identify two English documents that shaped representative government.
            2. I will identify acts and events that led Americans to declare independence from Britain.
            3. I can identify events that led to war between the Colonists and Britain.
            4. I can identify and explain some of the ideas expressed within the Declaration of Independence.
            5. I can identify laws and events that caused the colonies to declare independence.
            6. I will explain the process of how the Declaration was approved. 
            7. I can identify differences between Loyalists and Patriots.
            8. I can explain how the Revolutionary War spread to the sea and the frontier.
            9. I will explain some of the challenges the United States faced after the Revolutionary War.
            10. I can identify what is federalism.
            11. I will identify the weaknesses that made it necessary to revise the Articles of Confederation.
            12. I will explain the differences between the New Jersey Plan and Virginia Plan.
            13. I will identify and explain the origins of the United States Constitution.
            14. I can explain the differences between proportional and equal representation.
            15. I can explain how the Constitution was ratified by the States.
            16. I can identify reasons Antifederalists didn't support ratification of the Constitution.
            17. I can identify two purposes of the Preamble.
            18. I can identify the leaders of each branch of government.
            19. I can explain how the electoral college elects the President of the United States.
            20. I can identify the liberties that are protected by the Bill of Rights.
            21. I will identify the branches, offices, and length of terms officers serve within the national government. 
            22. I can explain how Congress and the President first set up the federal government.
              1. I will identify and explain how George Washington shaped the executive branch.
              2. I can identify early challenges faced by the newly formed federal government.
              3. I can explain how Marbury v. Madison established the principle of judicial review.
              4. I can identify the significance of the Louisiana Purchase.
              5. I can identify the effects of the War of 1812.
              6. I can explain how the Industrial Revolution changed the lives of Americans.
              7. I can explain how Andrew Jackson's election led to popular democracy.
              8. I will identify and explain President Jackson's policy towards Native Americans.
              9. I will identify reasons that South Carolina threatened to secede.
              10. I will identify and explain reasons that the Indian Removal Act was unconstitutional.
              11. I will explain some arguments President Jackson made in favor of abolishing the Second National Bank.
              12. I can identify the two major political parties formed in 1828.
                1. I can identify regions that Americans acquired in their move westward.
                2. I can explain how Texas gained independence from Mexico.
                3. I can identify how Manifest Destiny shaped the United States.
                4. I can identify some of the suffrage leaders and movements within the United States.
                5. I can explain how differences between the North and South threatened to split the nation apart.
                  1. I can explain how the Fugitive Slave Act caused disunity in the United States.
                  2. I can identify people and movements that caused disunity.
                  3. I can identify both armies and countries, which fought one another in the Civil War.
                  4. I can identify the Union, Confederate, and Border states.
                  5. I can identify early battles of the Civil War.
                  6. I will identify significant people and events from the Civil War.
                  7. I will identify significant people and events during the Reconstruction era.

                  Geography
                  • I can identify differences between geographical and political boundaries.
                  • I can identify five States shaped mainly by geographic borders and five mainly shaped by political ones. 
                  • I can identify the Missouri Compromise and its connection to the Civil War.
                  • I can identify how Texas became part of the United States.
                  • I can identify States shaped by mountain ranges.
                  • I can identify States that were shaped by mountains, rivers, compromises, cultures, and gold.
                  • I will analyze the geography of the United States.
                  • I can identify the locations of all 50 States.
                  • I can identify the regions of the United States.
                  • I can identify how agriculture affected the growth of slavery.
                  • I can identify the locations of all 50 States and Capitals.
                  • I can identify differences between economies within the Northeast, Midwest, and South.
                  • I can identify the four regions of the United States.
                  • I will identify the locations of the thirteen original States.
                  • I can identify the economic specializations within the regions of the United States.
                  • I will identify the regions and economic specializations of the United States.

                  Economics
                  • I can explain how economic freedom has improved the lives of people.
                  • I can identify the main cause for the original failure of the Plymouth Colony.
                  • I can explain how inflation impacts the people of all nations.
                  • I can identify modern examples of how economic policy has destroyed the livelihood of millions of people around the world.
                  • I can identify past examples of inflation.
                  • I can explain some of the unintended consequences of the minimum wage.
                    1. I will identify how free trade effects my life and other people around the world.
                    2. I will explain the dramatic improvement in living standards for the average Chinese citizen over the past few decades.
                    3. I can identify causes of the Great Depression.

                    Government 
                    • I can identify the three branches of government.
                    • I can identify the leaders which head the three branches.
                    • I can identify some reasons Americans fought against British rule.
                    • I can identify a few events that led to the War for American Independence.
                    • I can identify the strengths and weaknesses of the American Colonial Army. 
                    • I can explain how proportional and equal representation created the two houses of Congress. 
                    • I can identify the challenges faced by the newly created federal government.
                    • I can explain how inflation can affect the livelihood of people.
                    • I can identify the necessary requirements to become President of the United States.

                    Preamble & US Constitution
                    • I can explain the significance of the United States Constitution.
                    • I can identify the main idea of the Preamble.
                    • I can identify and explain the meaning of key words in the Preamble.
                    • I can explain the significance of the Preamble.
                    • I can identify the meaning of terms found within the Preamble.
                    • I can write and explain the meaning of the Preamble to the Constitution.
                    • I can identify the Articles and Amendments to the Constitution.
                    • I can explain how the Bill of Rights protects individual liberty.
                    • I can explain the meaning of the first Five Amendments of the Bill of Rights.
                    • I can explain the meaning of Amendments 6-10 of the Bill of Rights.
                    • I can explain how eminent domain is used in the United States.
                    • I can identify the protections guaranteed by each Amendment of the Bill of Rights.
                    • I can explain reasons that Freedom of Expression is important to me.

                    Declaration of Independence
                    • I can explain the origins and significance of the Declaration of Independence.
                    • I can identify the five parts of the Declaration of Independence.
                    • I can explain the purpose of the Declaration of Independence. 
                    • I can identify arguments made within the Declaration in support of Independence.
                    • I can identify the definition of unalienable rights according to the Declaration.
                      1. I can identify the differences between the broadside and parchment copies of the Declaration. 
                      2. I can explain the main ideas of each section of the Declaration.
                        1. I can identify the Olive Branch Petition and how it unified the colonies in support of independence.
                        2. I can explain the significance of the phrase "shot heard round the world." 
                        3. I can identify causes of the Boston Massacre.
                        4. I can identify the impact the phrase "all men are created equal" has had on people around the world. 
                        5. I can explain the history of the Declaration of Independence.
                        6. I can identify reasons that Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write the Declaration of Independence.
                        7. I can identify and explain phrases from the Declaration that are connected to holding elections.
                        8. I can identify important words and phrases within the Declaration of Independence.
                        9. I will identify and explain historical details about the Declaration of Independence.
                          1. I can identify the five sections and the basic meaning of each section within the Declaration of Independence.
                            1. I can paraphrase the first two sections of the Declaration of Independence.
                            2. I can paraphrase the last three sections of the Declaration of Independence.
                            3. I will explain some of the arguments that made it necessary for the colonists to seek independence from Britain.

                            Videos
                            Desperate Crossing:
                            • I can explain the major difference between Separatists6 and Puritans7
                            • I can identify causes that led the Separatists6 to emigrate to Holland9.
                            • I can explain the significance of William Bradford2John Robinson14William Brewster15Edward Winslow22, and Myles Standish23.
                            • I can identify people, events, and conditions aboard the Mayflower27 in 1620.
                              1. I can identify the Mayflower Compact27 and its historical significance.
                              2. I can describe details about the first Thanksgiving47.
                              3. I can identify significant people and historical events related to the settlement of Plymouth Colony46.

                                America - The Story of Us:
                                • I can explain the significance of Jamestown.
                                • I can identify and explain the significance of militiamen.
                                • I can identify the significance of Lexington and Concord. 
                                • I will explain the significance of the Battle of Lexington.

                                • I will explain some of the hardships endured by Patriots.
                                • I will identify the battle which ended the American War for Independence.
                                • I can identify what is inoculation and how it was used to help the American army during the Revolutionary War.
                                  1. I will explain strategies used by colonists to win the Revolutionary War.

                                  2. I will identify reasons that Americans migrated westward.
                                  3. I can explain how the steamboat revolutionized trade and commerce in the United states.

                                  American History
                                  • I can identify the main purpose of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
                                  • I can explain the significance of Lewis and Clark Expedition.
                                  • I can identify some of the achievements of Lewis and Clark Expedition.
                                  • I can explain the meaning of the Star-Spangled Banner and its connection to American patriotism.
                                  • I can identify the words and history of the Star-Spangled Banner.
                                  • I can explain how the textile mills helped create the factory system.
                                  • I will explain how the Industrial Revolution changed the lives of all Americans.
                                  • I will explain the significance of mills during the Industrial Revolution.
                                    1. I can identify some inventions that were created during the Industrial Revolution.
                                    2. I can identify the chronological order of all Presidents of the United States.
                                    3. I can explain differences between the economies of the North and South.
                                    4. I can identify reasons for John Brown becoming a martyr. 
                                    5. I can identify and explain the significance of abolitionism.
                                    6. I can identify the origins of Memorial Day.
                                    7. I can identify historical events that are depicted in Gone with the Wind.

                                    We the People

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