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Residential School Education

Reconciliation in Education

We can all take steps to make healing through reconciliation possible. On Friday, June 3, 2016, we hosted a Reconciliation in Education event to celebrate the anniversary of the closing ceremony of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. These events include planting a Heart Garden in the Centre for Education.  The event is available to view in the link below.

Reconciliation in Education


Click here to view photos from the Reconciliation in Education events.

Reconciliation Bench

A Reconciliation Bench is prominently displayed in the atrium at the Centre for Education.  This bench contains Project of Heart tiles completed by many students, school staff and central leaders.  Residential School Education literature and resources are available in the bench. A huge thank you to Building Facilities for making this possible.

  



Journey to Reconciliation

In partnership with Edmonton Catholic Schools and the City of Edmonton, the Journey to Reconciliation student conference was held March 27th, 2015. This was the anniversary date of Education Day at the seventh and final Truth and Reconciliation event held in Edmonton on March 27th, 2014. The theme of the conference was to engage students to support next steps in reconciliation.  This video captures key messages from the Journey to Reconciliation student conference.



Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada Event
In the spirit of reconciliation, the Government of Alberta commits that all Alberta students will learn about the history and legacy of residential schools, along with the history of First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples of Canada. Provincial Kindergarten to Grade 12 curriculum will include enhanced mandatory content for all Alberta students on the significance of residential schools and treaties.

Ministry's announcement and full text of the statement that was committed to the Bentwood Box.




Resources:

These lessons have been created to support the Grade 5 Alberta Education curriculum engaging with First Nations, Métis, and Inuit perspectives and worldviews. This resource discusses Residential School experiences in Alberta from the perspective of an Intergenerational Survivor. The following lessons and activities are based on the information provided by Wilson Bearhead. Wilson Bearhead provided information about his mother, Nancy Bearhead, and his father, Stephen Bearhead and their experiences before, during and after Residential School.





 
A shared vision held by those affected by Indian Residential Schools was to create a place of learning and dialogue where the truths and their experiences were honoured and kept safe for future generations. They wanted their families, communities and all of Canada to learn from these hard lessons so they would not be repeated. They wanted to share the wisdom of the Elders and Traditional Knowledge Keepers on how to create just and peaceful relationships amongst diverse peoples. They knew that Reconciliation is not only about the past; it is about the future that all Canadians will forge together. This vision is the legacy gift to all of Canada.  View the website for access to education, archives, documents and lots of valuable resources to share with students and staff.

Click here for a list of recommended reading, literature, records and documents from the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation.


The Legacy of Hope Foundation is a national Aboriginal charitable organization which raises awareness and understanding of the legacy of residential schools, including their effects and intergenerational impacts on First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples. The foundation also supports the ongoing healing process of Residential School Survivors. Fulfilling this mandate contributes towards reconciliation among generations of Aboriginal peoples and between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canadians.  There are many resources available from the Legacy of Hope Foundation. Lots of valuable resources and access to exhibitions that can be shared with students and staff.




Where are the Children?  Healing the Legacy of Residential Schools


In 2010-2011 the Legacy of Hope Foundation began developing an education program for Canadian youth aged 11-18. This program is designed to support educators and administrators in raising awareness and teaching about the history and legacy of residential schools - effectively providing practical tools that can be implemented in classrooms. These products come in response to demands from educators for complete in-class resources and serve as an entry point to both the subject matter and to existing resources currently available.  Please check out their newly redesigned website!






A classroom project idea: Project of Heart is an inquiry based, hands-on, collaborative, inter-generational, artistic journey of seeking truth about the history of Aboriginal people in Canada. Its purpose is to:





  • Examine the history and legacy of Indian Residential Schools in Canada and to seek the truth about that history, acknowledging the extent of loss of former students, their families and communities.

  • Commemorate the lives of the thousands of Indigenous children who died as a result of the residential school experience.

  • Call Canadians to action, through social justice endeavors, to change our present and future history collectively

Project of Heart tiles can be ordered online from http://projectofheart.ca/tiles/ (heavier tiles) or http://www.stockade.ca/Rectangle--1-x-1-38_p_6743.html (lightweight tiles - use ultra-fine permanent markers)




http://www.bctf.ca/HiddenHistory/
Project of Heart: Illuminating the hidden history of Indian Residential Schools in BC

This eBook is intended to be an interactive resource leading educators from the story to the "back story" utilizing links on each page to offer related resources.  Throughout this book you will find Project of Heart tiles with an "aura" which indicates that this is a link.  Click on each of these titles to find additional resources including films, videos, documents, articles, activities and more. 








https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4LJXSpvxnmbbU9MSERyc1RQcTg/view?usp=sharing
Christi Jordan-Fenton and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton's fatty legs and a stranger at home explore Margaret Pokiak-Fenton's experiences before, during and after         attending Residential School.  This Division 2 Novel Study has pre-reading and post-reading activities for students and teachers so they can engage in and with the text in multiple ways.  First Nations, Métis, & Inuit Education has a set of books available to loan for the study if required.  Please contact Nashiban.jina@epsb.ca for availability.




Recommended Residential School Literature:

 

Division 1:

Shi-Shi Etko, by Nicola I. Campbell

This beautifully illustrated story is a moving account of how a young girl spends her last day with family before leaving for residential school. Just before she leaves, mother, father and grandmother share valuable teachings.

Shin-chi’s Canoe, by Nicola I. Campbell

This poignant sequel to award winning Shi-shi-etko tells the story of two young siblings in residential school. In telling this story, Nicole Campbell draws on interviews with her family and Elders who survived this particular schooling experience. In spite of the devastation of a long separation, collection in a cattle truck, daily hard work and meagre meals the strong family ties prevail. The beautiful illustrations help make this a positive story of hope and resilience.

When I was Eight, by Christy Jordan-Fenton and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton

Ignoring her father’s warnings, Olemun travels far from her Arctic home to the outsiders’ school to learn to read.  The nuns at the school call her Margaret. They cut off her long hair and force her to do menial chores, but she remains undaunted. Her tenacity draws the attention of a black-cloaked nun who tries to break her spirit at every turn. But the young girl is more determined than ever to learn how to read. A true story based the life, courage and resilience of Margaret Pokiak-Fenton.

Division 2:

Cheyenne Again, by Eve Bunting

One day Young Bull is at home with his people, the next day he is far from home in school. This book introduces children to the tragedy of residential school in a way that still carries hope and points to resiliency. Introduces children to the famous ledger drawings as well.

As Long as the River Flows, by Larry Loyie

A gentle story of Lawrence and his family as they spend the summer among the animals, fishing, hunting, collecting berries and enjoying their summer camp by the river. At the close of the summer Lawrence and his brothers and sister are told they must go away to school. It is the saddest day of Lawrence's life. An epilogue concludes the story with historical details and photos of the author's family and their time at residential school. Detailed watercolour illustrations help to depict the traditional way of life this young boy enjoyed. An excellent book for junior/senior high students with below grade literacy skills. This book would also be a great resource in a unit on aboriginal culture and history.

No Time to Say Good-Bye, by Ann Sam, Rita Morris, & Syliva Olsen

While this is a fictional account of five children sent to residential school, the stories are based on recollections of members of the Tsartlip First Nations people. Every dimension of life is altered and yet the students band together in companionship. The book is sad, funny, painful and yet compelling.

Goodbye Buffalo Bay, by Larry Loyie

A story of a boy's coming of age making the transition from the Residential school system into young adulthood. As a personal story it relates the experiences of many Aboriginal people in Canada and thus provides insight into the era of government Indian policies. The book provides an epilogue and glossary making it a great resource book. Could be used as a novel study.


Fatty Legs, by Christy Jordan-Fenton and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton

This is an informative, true story about the effects of residential school on a brave young Inuit girl in her quest to learn how to read. Her spirit, dignity and resilience remain intact against all atrocities that she experiences. Archival photos and striking artwork add to the authenticity of this story. Many young readers will be attracted to this memoir.


Click here for the link to the ERLC Fatty Legs Webinar Series:  This archived two part webinar series is about the book ‘fatty legs’ which shares the story of Margaret’s experience in a residential school.  You will learn the origin of the book and how it can be used to support student learning about the topic of residential schools.  Meet the author and her mother-in-law (about whom the book is about) in the first webinar.  In the second webinar, a teacher shares how she has used the book with her grade seven students.


Click here for the link for the resources posted on Annick Press’ website:  Included on the website are valuable resources to accompany ‘fatty legs’, such as a book trailer, lesson plans, book talk, podcast from the authors and much more!


A Stranger at Home, by Christy Jordan-Fenton and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton

A Stranger at Home is the sequel to Fatty Legs, a true story about the effects of residential school. Separated from her family for two years, ten year old Margaret–Olemaun is finally heading home but it’s hardly the homecoming she expected. Margaret has forgotten her language - Inuvialuktun and feels like a stranger in her community. This title explores how Margaret–Olemaun reconciles her “old self with the new”.

Home to Medicine Mountain, by Chiori Santiago

Two brothers are sent to residential school, far from home. They are given shoes, scratchy clothes and are forbidden to speak their language. The homesickness is overwhelming and only the thought of the end of the year, keeps the youngest boy going. To his dismay, he finds out that he is unable to return home for summer break. An ingenious and brave solution means a cross country trip, and a fond reunion. Based on a true story, hope and joy outweigh the heaviness of remembering a bitter time in history. While not Canadian in context this story was repeated all over our own nation and therefore needs to be told as often as possible.

Division 3:

Fatty Legs, by Christy Jordan-Fenton and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton

This is an informative, true story about the effects of residential school on a brave young Inuit girl in her quest to learn how to read. Her spirit, dignity and resilience remain intact against all atrocities that she experiences. Archival photos and striking artwork add to the authenticity of this story. Many young readers will be attracted to this memoir.

Strength & Struggle:  Perspectives from First Nations, Métis, & Inuit Peoples in Canada

An anthology of short stories, poetry, music lyrics, graphic art, and essays that are thought provoking, humorous, and artistic. A highly recommended, must have title that celebrates First Nations, Inuit, and Métis authors!


Division 4:

Strength & Struggle:  Perspectives from First Nations, Métis, & Inuit Peoples in Canada

An anthology of short stories, poetry, music lyrics, graphic art, and essays that are thought provoking, humorous, and artistic. A highly recommended, must have title that celebrates First Nations, Inuit, and Métis authors!

One Story, One Song, by Richard Wagamese (include lesson activity suggestions)

A book about stories, what they teach us, how they shape us and how they can change our lives. Contemporary, cultural, spiritual, humorous and poignant, this book will take you on a personal journey with the author.


Indian Horse, by Richard Wagamese

Set in the 1960’s, Wagamese takes readers on the often difficult journey through Saul Indian Horse’s life, from his painful forced separation from his family and land when he's sent to a residential school to the brief salvation he finds in playing hockey.


Additional First Nations, Métis, and Inuit titles: https://reviews.epsb.ca/reviews/

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  Apr 5, 2016, 9:19 PM Melissa Purcell, Supervisor