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Lesson Plan Ideas

Talking Circle, Grade 2, Health & Social Studies: Students will explore and participate in talking circles as a strategy for listening and demonstrating respect.

Dressing Your Spirit, Grade 2/3, Social Studies: Students will examine materials used to decorate clothing from natural and man-made materials.  Students will design a shirt to represent a community of study identifying materials from the environment.

Traditional Foods, Grade 3, Health: Students will learn about the process of gathering and preparing food before European contact.  They will have an understanding of how traditionally prepared food is used and stored.  Students will also have an understanding of how food connects groups to different areas from the environment. In addition, students will experience combining ingredients to make their own version of pemmican.

Testing Materials (Parfleche Bags), Grade 3 Science: Students will explore stability and flexibility of different hides (rawhide, commercial hide and smoke-tanned) and create a parfleche bag/container.

Introduction to Culture, Grade 4, Social Studies: Students will engage in a discussion about culture.  They will learn about 6 pillars of culture that are the most common categories amongst all cultures:  Language, Kinship, Transfer of Traditional Knowledge, Environment, Ceremonies, Celebration and Events, and Forms of Expression.

Design and Identity, Grade 5, Social Studies:  Students will learn about the significance of how identity can be recognized in designs.  They will also learn how designs tell stories and connect people to a place on the land.  Students will also learn about the “power of adornment” and how designs can empower and connect individuals.   

Elder in the Making, Elder in the Making is a film that crosses many disciplines and curriculum. History, music, ecology, indigenous stories, and questions of identity and the meaning of becoming an elder are integrated together. Purchase an educational license where you will get the film divided into six episodes for easy presentation in the classroom. In addition, receive curriculum support materials, bonus material and resources as they are developed. *The documentary Elder in the Making is divided into 6 episodes on YouTube posted by Telus Optik*

Please contact the First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Education Team for further information.

**New** Sample First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Lesson Plans

Alberta Education has released a series of lesson plans that have been developed for Grades 1 to 9 in English Language Arts, Fine Arts, Science and Social Studies. We all have a role to play in reconciliation, and it is critical students understand the history of residential schools and their legacy, along with the histories and vibrant cultures of First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities in our province.


These plans are just one step in addressing reconciliation within Alberta’s current programs of study. They provide teachers with new ways to include First Nations, Métis and Inuit content into existing curriculum. Within each of the lesson plans, there are a variety of new resources and activities identified that teachers can use to engage students in critical learning. The introduction of these new resources also provides an opportunity for schools to review their existing resources to ensure they are accurate and respectful of First Nations, Métis and Inuit history and perspectives.  

Guiding Voices: A Curriculum Development Tool for Inclusion of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Perspectives Throughout Curriculum: This valuable website has been created to guide development and evaluation of provincial and locally developed curriculum. This tool contains valuable information and resources.

Empowering the Spirit– First Nations, Métis and Inuit Education

In support of First Nations, Métis and Inuit students success – and to support the educators that work with those students – a variety of online resources have been developed. This work is a result of a grant from Alberta Education, to Alberta Regional Professional Development Consortia ( ARPDC), to support implementation.  First Nations, Métis and Inuit students experience greater success as engaged participants when learning is authentic and connected to their personal values and life experiences. 

Based on the Empowering the Spirit Forum,  in which 300 people came together to share their stories and knowledge about the power of literacy and numeracy learning, various online learning opportunities have been developed and posted at

This website will provide opportunities to expand your understanding of literacy, numeracy, and health and well being  practices from First Nations, Métis and Inuit perspectives and gain tools and strategies to support First Nations, Métis and Inuit and all students' success in your community.

Walking Together:  Education for Reconciliation Project

Walking Together is led by five First Nations, Métis, and Inuit education consultants from across Alberta, all of whom are experienced classroom teachers with strong knowledge and expertise in Indigenous education.  Lots of valuable resources and PD opportunities are available on the website.

KAIROS Canada Blanket Exercise

The Blanket Exercise was created 15 years ago, the Aboriginal Rights Coalition worked with First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Elders and teachers to develop an interactive way of learning the history most Canadians are never taught.  The Blanket Exercise was the result; it has since been offered thousands of times and was last completely updated in 2013.  The script that was used had been adapted to include information from Edmonton and surrounding area, as a result of collaboration with Edmonton Catholic & Edmonton Public Schools, Elders and KAIROS Canada.

Click here to view the script (suitable for Grade 4 and up).

The Blanket Exercise uses blankets to represent the lands of what is now called Canada, and the distinct cultures and nations which live on those lands to this day.  Participants represented the First Peoples; when they move onto the blankets, they were taken back in time to the arrival of the Europeans. The Narrator and a European worked with the participants to read a script, while the exercise went through the history of treaty-making, colonization and resistance that resulted in the nation we call Canada.  In closing, participants reflected on how the exercise increased their understanding of historical and contemporary realities of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit students, families and community members through a sharing circle.

**New**  Here's a website developed by Edmonton Public Schools containing resources to facilitate the Blanket Exercise for Division 1 - 4 classrooms, as well as an adult version.

Walking Together:  First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Perspectives in Curriculum, Government of Alberta:  This digital resource was designed to show the holistic nature of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit ways of knowing, provide opportunity for FNMI peoples to share perspectives on topic areas that emerged from discussions with community members and demonstrate FNMI perspectives in teaching and learning experiences.

 Photovoice Project:  Students use PhotoVoice to determine what they want us, educators, to know about health and well-being. The images and ideas are those of the youth involved, what is important, concerning and of interest to them. The visuals that are created captures their individual perspectives and are their voices. It offers students a chance to tell their stories and have their voices heard. Photovoice equips individuals with cameras so they can create photographic evidence and symbolic representations to offer insight, teach others about their experiences and help others see the world through their eyes.

It Starts with Relationships ~mîyowîcehtowin~ (relationships):  Hosting a First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Family Night

At Edmonton Regional Learning Consortium, we believe that reconciliation and healing can be achieved by fostering respectful, supportive, and welcoming learning environments. Parents, guardians and families are their child’s first teacher and play an important role in nurturing and encouraging their first language, culture and education.  A Family Night is a time to engage with families of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit students in the school communities.

  ERLC (Edmonton Regional Learning Consortium):  This comprehensive online resource contains many valuable First Nations, Métis, and Inuit professional learning resources, supports and information.
-  Includes useful links for webinars, videos and learning playlists for engaging and empowering First Nations, Métis, and Inuit students, families and educators.

Professional Educator Resource, Western and Northern Canadian Protocol (WNCP):  The Our Way Is a Valid Way resource, which includes the Professional Educator Resource and the Personal Educator Reflections, stems from the foundational work brought forward in The Common Curriculum Framework for Aboriginal Language and Culture Programs.
- Includes ideas for implementation, classroom strategies, and teaching strategies on the following:  Land & People, Traditional Ways of Knowing, Oral Traditions & Storytelling, Residential Schools, Anti-Racist & Anti-Oppression Education.

A Teachers' Resource for First Nations, Métis and Inuit Education in Alberta
Alberta Teachers' Association (ATA)
- Includes useful information pertaining to understanding Many Peoples, Many Cultures, Aboriginal Histories, Aboriginal Spirituality & Teachings, Cultural Traditions, & Moving Forward.

Teaching First Nations, Métis and Inuit Learners, Alberta Education
This comprehensive resource provides information about First Nations, Métis, and Inuit cultures, perspectives and sample strategies for meeting the needs and recognizing the gifts of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit students.
- Includes valuable information such as Aboriginal Worldviews, The Classroom: A Community of Learners, and Assessment: Authentic Reflections of Authentic Learnings.

Native Reflections:  Online distributor for First Nations, Métis and Inuit resources (e.g. bulletin boards, classroom displays)  **Please caution when ordering literature from this supplier and check with the EPSB Reviews website if you're unsure if appropriate.  

Moving Forward: Implementing FNMI Collaborative Frameworks:  The collaborative frameworks serves as a guide to strengthen collaborative processes between school authorities, parents, communities and other stakeholders, as they work together to improve the educational outcomes of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit students.

The ARPDC First Nations, Métis, & Inuit Moodle courses and resources are formatted to align with the learning outcomes from the Alberta Program of Studies.  There are over 85 courses related to English, Math, Science and Social with resources which include First Nations, Métis, or Inuit content or perspectives.  The resources embedded in the courses are intended to serve as options for educators to consider in their curricular programming.  The overarching goal is for educators to connect with their regional First Nations, Métis, & Inuit Communities for guidance on appropriate resources to effectively teach First Nations, Métis, & Inuit perspectives and content to all students.  

First Nations, Métis, & Inuit Curriculum Connection
The University of Lethbridge's Faculty of Education sponsored the development of this First Nations Métis, and Inuit (FNMI) Curriculum Collection.  This collection of lessons and resources is designed to help pre and inservice teachers incorporate First Nations, Métis, and Inuit content in their teaching across subjects and grade levels.