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Science

The Science programs at Harry Ainlay present logical, consistent and internationally accepted methods of investigating, describing and explaining the world around us. The Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Science programs focus on learning about the natural world (science) along with man-made products and processes (technology). Student evaluation will concentrate on mastery of the scientific concepts, as well as the development of acceptable laboratory skills and the understanding of the nature of science and science-technology-society interactions. The goal of these science programs is to provide the student with sufficient background to make meaningful decisions in a society which is progressively more dependent on science and technology. 

All Harry Ainlay science courses are centered on four general learner expectations: 

  • Attitudes: an enthusiasm for, and a continuing interest in, science 
  • Knowledge: an understanding of the fundamental concepts of science 
  • Skills: scientific inquiry and appropriate use of technology 
  • Science, technology and society (STS) connections: how scientific knowledge develops, solving problems and making choices. 


Science 30 is now accepted by all Alberta post-secondary institutions. 

Students may take the Science 20/30 stream and combine it with one or two of the other science disciplines (Biology, Chemistry, Physics), provided the prerequisite marks are achieved. 

Students in Physics 20, Chemistry 20 or Biology 20 achieving a final mark between 50-59% should consider Science 30. 

Science 10 pIB (Harry Ainlay Pre-IB Diploma

5 Credits in Science 10 

Recommended Prerequisite: 80% in Grade 9 Science 

Science 10 pIB is intended to provide an introduction to the study of Biology, Chemistry and Physics. This course covers units in the regular Science 10 program. Most concepts are studied in greater depth. The course also focuses on the development of laboratory skills and scientific communication. 

Science 10 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 50% in Grade 9 Science 

Science 10 is the prerequisite for all students intending to study any academic science at the Grade 11 or 12 levels. Proficiency in mathematical skills at the junior high level is required for success in Science 10. The units of study include: Cycling of Matter in Living Systems, Energy Flow in Global Systems, Energy Flow in Technological Systems and Energy and Matter in Chemical Change. 

Science 14 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: None (Recommended for students with less than 50% in Grade 9 Science.) 

Science 14 is a general science course that introduces students to relevant, practical and concrete applications of science concepts. The units of study include: Investigating Matter and Energy in Living Systems, Investigating Matter and Energy in the Environment, Understanding Energy Transfer Technologies and Investigating Properties of Matter. 

Science 14 Transitions 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: Recommendation from present school teacher/counselor/coordinator or in consultation with the Harry Ainlay Special Needs Department Head. 

This course follows the same program of studies as the regular Science 14 but is designed for students with identified learning difficulties/disabilities. Students who enroll in this course will be required to enroll in Learning Strategies 15. 

Science 10-4 

5 Credits 

Pre-Requisite: Teacher Recommendation 

Science 10-4 presents scientific concepts in a contextual manner. This allows students to develop an awareness of how science impacts them in real-life situations. Units of study include investigating properties of matter, understanding energy transfer, investigating matter and energy in living systems and investigating the environment. 

Biology 20 IB* – Higher Level 

5 Credits in Biology 20 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Science 10 pIB 

Biology 20 IB continues to build on biological concepts including ecology, energy exchange in the biosphere, ecosystems, biochemistry, enzymes, cell respiration and photosynthesis. It also studies human systems including muscles, digestion, circulation, immunity, respiration and excretion. Laboratory skills continue to be practiced, leading students to the designing of their own labs when presented with a biological problem. All students will complete a Group IV Project. TOK links will be addressed. 

Biology 35 IB* – Higher Level 

3 Credits 

This course accompanies Biology 20 IB. Course curriculum includes: origins of life, classification, phylogeny, plant science, statistical analysis and evolution as well as other IB extensions. This course continues to build on laboratory skills in a biological setting. TOK curriculum links will also be addressed. 

* Students are required to enroll in both Biology 20 IB and Biology 35 IB. 

Biology 20 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Science 10 

This course builds on the biology concepts introduced in Science 10. The underlying theme of this academic course is energy, equilibrium, matter and systems. The units of study include: Energy and Matter Exchange in the Biosphere, Ecosystems and Population Change, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration and Human Systems. 

Chemistry 20 IB** – Standard Level 

5 Credits in Chemistry 20 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Science 10 pIB 

Chemistry 20 IB students will study bonding, organic chemistry, stoichiometry, solutions and gas laws. Equilibrium and acid-base reactions are also introduced at this level. A variety of laboratory activities are done with the student keeping permanent records in a laboratory portfolio that will be generated until the end of Grade 12. All students will complete a Group IV project. 

Chemistry 35 IB** – Standard Level 

3 Credits 

This course accompanies Chemistry 20 IB. The course curriculum includes organic chemistry, medicine and drugs, the quantum atomic model and periodicity. This course continues to build on laboratory skills in a chemical setting. TOK curriculum links will also be addressed. Two major projects will be completed toward the IB internal assessment requirement. 

** Students are required to enroll in both Chemistry 20 IB and Chemistry 35 IB 

Chemistry 20 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Science 10 

This course builds on the chemistry concepts introduced in Science 10. Students are given the opportunity to explore and understand the natural world and to become aware of the profound influence of chemistry on their lives. The units of study include: Diversity of Matter and Chemical Bonding, Gases, Matter as Solutions, Acids and Bases and Quantitative Relationships in Chemical Changes. 

Physics 20 IB* – Standard Level (or Higher Level) 

5 Credits in Physics 20 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Physics 10 pIB 

Physics 20 IB continues to build on the understanding of energy and motion initiated in Science 10 pIB. Students will study forces including the force of gravity. Circular motion and other types of periodic motion, including waves, will be discussed in detail. Examples from everyday technologies such as CD-ROMs, amusement park physics and satellite motion will be incorporated. Laboratory investigations are an important part of this course and a lab portfolio will be generated. All students will complete a Group IV Project. 

Physics 35 IB* – Standard Level (or Higher Level) 

3 Credits 

This course accompanies Physics 20 IB. Course curriculum includes: circuits, optics, digital technologies, thermal physics, some environmental applications and other IB extensions. This course continues to build on laboratory skills and student physics lab portfolios will be expanded. TOK curriculum links will also be addressed. 

*Students are required to enroll in both Physics 20 IB and Physics 35 IB 

Physics 20 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Science 10 

This course builds upon the physics concepts introduced in Science 10. A more in-depth analysis of the physics that govern our world is explored. The units of study include: Kinematics, Dynamics, Circular Motion, Work and Energy, Oscillatory Motion and Mechanical Waves. 

Science 20 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: 50% in Science 10 

This course is aimed for students achieving between 50-59% in Science 10 or students who are interested in an overview of Science. The units of study include: Changes in Living Systems, The Changing Earth, Changes in Motion and Chemical Changes. 

Science 24 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: 50% in Science 14 or 40-49% in Science 10 

Science 24 continues to focus on helping students understand principles behind the natural events they experience and the technology they use in their lives. The units of study include: Disease Defense and Human Health, Understanding Common Energy Conversion Systems, Motion Change and Transportation Safety and Applications of Matter and Chemical Change. 

Biology 30 IB – Higher Level 

5 Credits in Biology 30 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Biology 20 IB 

This final course in Biology will cover the human nervous, endocrine, reproductive systems and fetal development. Cell division, molecular genetics, classical genetics, population genetics and population ecology topics will also be covered. Students will do a review of previously studied IB related material prior to May examinations. TOK links will be addressed 

Biology 30 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Biology 20 

This course continues to explore the interactions of living systems with one another and with their environment. Emphasis in this academic course is equilibrium and systems. The units of study include: Nervous and Endocrine Systems, Reproduction and Development, Cell Division, Genetics and Molecular Biology and Population and Community Dynamics. 

Chemistry 30 IB – Standard Level 

5 Credits in Chemistry 30 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Chemistry 20 IB 

This final course in chemistry will cover thermochemical changes, kinetics, organic chemistry, electrochemical changes and equilibrium focusing on acids and bases. Students will continue to study the impact of chemistry in their lives and the world around them. Laboratory investigations are an important part of this course and IB lab portfolios will be expanded. Students will build on earlier concepts such as experimental design, the collection of and processing of data as well as conclusions and evaluating procedures and techniques. 

Chemistry 30 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Chemistry 20 

This course continues to study matter and its changes. Students will continue to explore and understand the impact of chemistry in their lives and the world around them. The units of study include: Thermochemical Changes, Electrochemical Changes, Chemical Changes of Organic Compounds and Chemical Equilibrium Focusing on Acid-Base Systems. 

Physics 30 IB – Standard Level (or Higher Level) 

5 Credits in Physics 30 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Physics 20 IB 

This final course in Physics begins with a study of impulse and momentum, electrical forces, magnetic forces and fields, the nature of matter, nuclear and particle physics. The basic physics governing the working of all modern electronics will also be studied. Technologies such as television, electric motors, generators, speakers and radio are constantly used to illustrate and explore physics. Laboratory investigations are an important part of this course and IB lab portfolios will be expanded. 

Physics 30 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Physics 20 

This course builds upon concepts in Physics 20 with themes including: change and systems, energy and matter and diversity and matter. The units of study include: Momentum and Impulse, Forces and Fields, Electromagnetic Radiation and Atomic Physics. 

Science 30 

5 credits 

Prerequisite: 50% in Science 20 or 50% in Chemistry 20 or Physics 20. 

This course is intended for students who want to enhance their understanding of the scientific principles behind the natural events that they experience, and the technology that they use, in their daily lives. The units of study include: Living Systems Respond to their Environment, Chemistry and the Environment, Electromagnetic Energy and Energy and the Environment. Successful completion of this course may be used for entrance into post-secondary institutions. 

*Completion of a 30 level science course requires the writing of a provincial diploma examination.