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Languages

Harry Ainlay High School offers four second language programs: French, German, Japanese and SpanishStudents with no previous experience should take the introductory level (10-3y or 10-3yIB).  Students completing junior high language programs or have a significant understanding of the language will enrol in 6y or 9y programs. 

The 30 level language courses provide the required credits for entering many post-secondary institutions. Therefore, it is highly recommended that students complete a 3 year sequence of the courses.

Students with some previous second language may contact the second languages coordinator for placement advice 780-413-2700. 

The focus of the IB Second Languages courses is developing fluency in the use of a second language that also results in an increased intercultural awareness. Students enrolled in these courses consider a variety of texts and use the languages they learn to respond to a wide range of ideas and topics. The emphasis is on the acquisition of receptive, productive and interactive skills that will allow students to acquire a native speaker’s understanding of the contextual and cultural conventions employed in diverse communicative situations, from everyday informal exchanges to literary texts. 

FRENCH 

French 10-9y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in 6th year of French or teacher’s recommendation. 

Students will continue to develop language skills and knowledge of culture in the following fields of experience: activities, shopping, vacations, fine arts and safety. 

French 10-9y pIB 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 80% in Gr. 9 French Program 

French 10-9y pIB focuses on the development and use of basic grammar for everyday speech, basic skills and emphasis on correctness of simple sentence structures as used in description, in summarization or in the sharing of information. 

This course is recommended for students with sufficient background (at least 3 years in junior high FSL courses). Students not meeting this requirement must register in German 10-3yr pIB, Japanese 10-3yr pIB or Spanish 10-3yr pIB, which are offered at a beginner level. 

French Language Arts 10 pIB  

5 Credits in FLA 10 

Recommended Prerequisite: 80% in FLA 9 

This course is designed for immersion students who wish to enrol in the IB program in Grade 11 and requires considerable fluency in all aspects of the French language. One novel, one play and several short stories and poems are the literary components of this course. Prime objectives include oral fluency, additional knowledge of grammar and the study of idiomatic expressions. 

French 20-9y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in French 10-9y or teacher’s recommendation. 

Reading and writing skills are increasingly emphasized as the oral language base becomes broader. Oral and written communication advances from highly structured to more unstructured situations. Some of the themes are senses and feelings, close friends, fad and fashions and consumerism. 

French 20-9y IB – Language B – Standard Level 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in French 10-9y pIB or teacher’s recommendation. 

Vocabulary development, grammar and language study, oral and written composition, reading and listening activities taken from authentic French sources will be studied. In discussions, an emphasis will be on “La Francophonie dans le Monde” as required for IB. TOK curriculum links will also be addressed. 

French Language Arts 20 IB – Language B – Standard Level 

5 Credits

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% FLA 10 pre-IB 

This course emphasizes grammar study, composition and oral presentations. Students will continue their study of literature through plays, novels and other literary genres. TOK curriculum links will also be addressed. 

French 30-9y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in French 20-9y or teacher’s recommendation. 

The aim of this course is to increase reading and writing skills, to build vocabulary and to increase oral and written accuracy through structured exercises and free composition. A supplementary reader is used in class and additional books, magazines and newspapers are made available for the student’s enjoyment. Some themes studied are the world of work, travel and tourism and the role of the media. 

French 30-9y IB – Language B – Standard Level 

5 Credits

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in French 20-9y IB or teacher’s recommendation. 

In grammar study, students will reach or surpass the oral and written language requirements for IB, review and expansion of what was previously learned in French 10-9 pIB and French 20-9 IB with some new concepts. Continued exposure to authentic French reading and listening material will occur. 

French Language Arts 30 IB – Language B – Standard Level 

5 Credits in FLA 30 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in FLA 20 

This course includes the grammar study, readings and oral component of French 30IB. The study of several novels and/or two plays is the core of this course. Students will also study several smaller literary selections and discussion of the works will become more abstract and philosophical. A greater emphasis will be placed on the precision of vocabulary usage. Four formal oral assessments will be completed and will constitute the IB Oral component which is worth 30% of the overall grade for this IB course. 

GERMAN 

German is spoken by more than 100 million native speakers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland as well as more than 80 million more worldwide. German is a very useful language for students interested in science, engineering, business, music & environmental sciences as well as for travel. 1/5 of all the world’s books are printed in German. Students who chose German can open themselves up to a wealth of information and open doors to exciting career opportunities and cultural exchanges. 

German 10-3y 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: None (Students with considerable German background may be granted advance placement into German 20-3y or 30-3y based on an interview with the teacher.) 

Designed for absolute beginners, students will quickly learn how to express themselves in a variety of different areas: personal information, free-time activities, schooling, animals, the family, money and shopping, and time-related activities. Much of the course focuses on spoken German; however students will gain an understanding of basic sentence structure and other grammatical components. Students will also gain an understanding and appreciation of the culture, history and geography of German-speaking countries. 

German 10-3y pIB* 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: None 

This pre-IB diploma course is designed for absolute beginners. Students will quickly learn how to express themselves in a variety of different areas: personal information, free-time activities, schooling, animals, the family, money and shopping, and time-related activities. Much of the course focuses on spoken German; however students will gain an understanding of basic sentence structure and other grammatical components. Students will also gain an understanding and appreciation of the culture, history and geography of German-speaking countries. 

*Language B level is available for students with sufficient background in the language. 

German 20-3y 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: 60% in German 10-3y, 10-3y pIB or teacher’s recommendation. 

Students will continue to learn how to express themselves in a variety of different areas: festivals & celebrations, free-time activities, traveling and holidays, the weather, daily routines, etc. Although much emphasis is still on spoken German, there will be an increased emphasis on reading comprehension and writing skills as well as an introduction to the past tense. Students will continue to gain more of an understanding & appreciation of the culture, history and geography of German-speaking countries. 

German 20-3y IB Ab Initio* – Standard Level 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: 60% in German 10-3y pIB or teacher’s recommendation. 

This is the first year of the two-year German IB Ab Initio course. Students will continue to learn how to express themselves in a variety of different areas: festivals & celebrations, free-time activities, traveling and holidays, the weather, daily routines, etc. Although much emphasis is still on spoken German, there will be an increased emphasis on reading comprehension and writing skills as well as an introduction to the past tense. Students will continue to gain more of an understanding and appreciation of the culture, history and geography of German-speaking countries. 

*Language B level is available for students with sufficient background in the language. 

German 30-3y 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: 60% in German 20-3y or 20-3y IB or teacher’s recommendation. 

Students will continue to learn to express themselves in a variety of different areas: the city (Vienna), transportation, media, the home, relationships, clothing and professions. Culture will be brought alive through music, movies, websites and celebrations. A refinement of spoken German, as well as reading and writing skills are emphasized. Students will be exposed to a variety of writing styles: email, diary entries, newspaper articles, advertisements as well as German literature such as fairytales, short stories and poetry. Students will also have the opportunity to participate in the Sprachdiplom (A2/B1 level) proficiency exams to have their language abilities recognized world-wide. 

German 30-3y IB Ab Initio* – Standard Level 

5 Credits

Prerequisite: 60% in German 20-3y IB or 

teacher’s recommendation. 

This is the final year of the two-year German IB Ab Initio course. IB students will complete a major written assignment in February, an oral examination in March and written exams in May. Students will continue to learn to express themselves in a variety of different areas: the city (Vienna), transportation, media, the home, relationships, clothing and professions. Culture will be brought alive through music, movies, websites and celebrations. A refinement of spoken German, as well as reading and writing skills are emphasized. Students will be exposed to a variety of writing styles: email, diary entries, newspaper articles, advertisements as well as German literature such as fairytales, short stories and poetry. Students will also have the chance to participate in the Sprachdiplom (A2/B1 level) proficiency exams to have their language abilities recognized world-wide. 

*Language B level is available for students with sufficient background in the language

JAPANESE 

Japanese 10-3y 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: None 

This course is designed for absolute beginners and aims at a basic command of Japanese. Phonetic symbols called Hiragana will be studied and Katakana will be introduced in the second semester. The students will gain an understanding and appreciation for the Japanese culture and people. The modules studied in the course are self, family/friends, school, daily activities, food and shopping. 

Japanese 10-3y pIB*

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: None 

This Pre-IB Diploma course is designed for absolute beginners and aims at a primary command of Japanese. Basic vocabulary and sentence structures are studied through the lexical fields of self, people around us, food, school and shopping. The Hiragana and Katakana writing systems will be introduced. 

* Language B level is available for students with sufficient background in the language in Grade 11. 

Japanese 20-3y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Japanese 10-3y or 10-3y pre-IB or tacher’s recommendation. 

This course will continue to develop and refine the knowledge, skills and attitudes expected in Japanese 10-3y. Students will be able to use three different writing systems, Hiragana, Katakana and some Kanji for reading and writing. Study of the Japanese people and their culture is continued. The cultural modules are home and community, school life, weather, fashion, shopping, and vacation and travel. 

Japanese 20-3y IB - Ab Initio* – Standard Level 

5 Credits

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Japanese 10-3y pIB or teacher’s recommendation. 

This is the first year of the two-year Japanese ab initio course. Students will develop their comprehension and communication skills through a variety of resources and classroom activities. 80 Kanji characters are introduced in addition to new vocabulary and structures. Study of Japanese culture is continued in order to develop intercultural awareness and understanding using a variety of resources. TOK curriculum links will also be addressed. 

*Language B level is available for students with sufficient background in the language. 

Japanese 30-3y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Japanese 20-3y or 20-3y IB or teacher’s recommendation. 

This is a continuation of Japanese 10-3y and 20-3y. Sentence structures, vocabulary and knowledge of Kanji characters will be further developed. Cultural studies remain an important component. The modules are celebrations and traditions, entertainment, communications, the world of work, and arts and literature. 

Japanese 30-3yIB – Ab Initio* – Standard Level 

5 Credits

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Japanese 20-3y IB or teacher’s recommendation. 

This course is the continuation of Japanese 20-3y IB. Students will further develop their skills through units such as media, world of work, arts and literature, traveling in Japan, and environmental issues. 100 Kanji characters, additional vocabulary and sentence structures will be introduced in order to meet the IB curriculum requirements. Students will complete various oral projects throughout the year including a final oral exam which is worth 25% of the overall IB grade. They will also write practice exams to prepare for the written examination in May. 

*Language B level is available for students with sufficient background in the language. 

SPANISH 

Spanish is the official language in more than twenty countries and the third most spoken language in the world. Considered one of the easiest languages to learn, it plays an increasingly important role in our global society. Students who choose to study Spanish open the door to exciting opportunities. 

Intro Spanish 10-3yr pIB*

5 Credits  

Spanish 10 pIB – 3yr is designed for beginners in the language who are motivated to learn the communication skills, grammar and vocabulary needed to quickly begin speaking Spanish. An appreciation for the varied cultures of Spanish speakers will be gained through a wide variety of activities including project work, music, games, and group activities. Both IB and French Immersion students will enjoy the pace and focus of the class. 

Intro Spanish 10-3y 

5 Credits 

Prerequisite: None (Students who have taken Spanish in junior high school or who speak Spanish at home must register in the 6y program or speak to a Harry Ainlay Spanish teacher for placement.) 

In Spanish 10-3y, students will gain an appreciation of the rich Spanish culture and of the people who speak the language while learning to speak this popular language themselves. This is a task-based course involving the learning of grammar, vocabulary and communication skills which lead to a command of basic spoken Spanish. High-interest activities including projects, games, music, dance and movies are incorporated into the lessons. No previous Spanish is required. However, the desire and willingness to participate are essential. 

Spanish 10-6y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in junior high Spanish, have a significant understanding, or teacher’s recommendation. 

This course builds on the vocabulary and grammar learned in junior high while introducing new concepts in more varied and meaningful situations. Themes studied are pastimes, daily activities and living spaces. Conversation skills will be developed and there is a strong focus on task-based activities. 

Spanish 10-6y pIB 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 80% in junior high Spanish, have a significant understanding, or teacher’s recommendation. 

In Spanish 10-6yr there is a strong focus on grammar used in everyday communication, development of basic reading skills and written composition with an emphasis on sentence structures used in description, summarization and information sharing. Students will also develop fluency of speech in everyday conversational situations. 

This course is recommended for persons with sufficient background (at least 3 years in junior high Spanish courses or speak Spanish at home). Students who do not meet these requirements must register in German 10-3yr pIB, Japanese 10-3y pIB or Spanish 10-3yr pIB which are offered at a beginner level (Ab initio)

Spanish 20-3y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Spanish 10-3y or teacher’s recommendation. 

This course continues basic oral and written communication in less structured situations, applications of basic skills, as well as, new vocabulary and grammar concepts in more varied and meaningful situations. Oral work is emphasized as is the development of a solid grammatical base. Themes studied are: touring Spain and Latin America and describing activities, sports and pastimes, weekend outings, food and restaurants, daily activities and living spaces. We’ll also make some interesting piñates! 

Spanish 20-3y IB 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Spanish 10-3y IB or teacher’s recommendation. 

This course continues oral and written communication in more structured situations, applications of new vocabulary and grammar concepts in more varied and meaningful situations. Oral work is emphasized as is the development of a solid grammatical base with a focus on the preterit tense. Themes studied are: describing hobbies, sports and pastimes, fashion, food and restaurants, daily activities (reflexive verbs) and living spaces. 

Spanish 20-6y IB – Language B – Standard Level 

5 Credits

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Spanish 10-6y pIB or teacher’s recommendation. 

Grammar, vocabulary exercises, newspapers, magazines and websites will be used to further develop vocabulary. Students will increase their use of the Spanish language through oral and written work. They will explore the Spanish speaking world by studying the culture and history of Spanish speaking nations. This course will prepare students for the intense grammar study and oral examinations that will be required for successful completion of Spanish 30-6y IB. 

Spanish 30-3y 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Spanish 20-3y or teacher’s recommendation. 

In this course, oral and written communication will become more sophisticated and more spontaneous. Conversational skills will be stressed and a strong desire to communicate in the target language is essential. Ideas will be expressed coherently in such situations as career exploration, professions and the work place. Other themes will be entertainment, leisure activities and customs in the Spanish- speaking world. 

Spanish 30-3y IB 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Spanish 20-3y IB or teacher’s recommendation. 

In this course conversational skills will be stressed with a focus towards the oral components of the IB exam. A strong desire to communicate in the target language is essential. Ideas will be discussed in the target language concerning career exploration, professions and the work place. More in-depth studies of countries where Spanish is spoken will be undertaken. Grammatical structures such as the subjunctive tense and uses of Haber will be introduced. 

Spanish 30-6y IB – Language B Standard Level 

5 Credits 

Recommended Prerequisite: 60% in Spanish 20-6y IB or teacher’s recommendation. 

This course expands upon topics learned in 20-6y IB and involves grammar study to reach or surpass the oral and written requirements for IB. Students will also access various reading materials including a novel, short stories, newspaper articles, as well as complete oral projects in preparation for the IB oral internal assessment that accounts for 30% of the final IB grade.