Used Oil

§ 279.11   Used Oil Specifications.  (This information was copied from the EPA web site on used oil in May 2013 for the convenience of our system users. It is not automatically updated. Please see the link below for the current regulatory text).

Used oil burned for energy recovery, and any fuel produced from used oil by processing, blending, or other treatment, is subject to regulation under this part unless it is shown not to exceed any of the allowable levels of the constituents and properties shown in Table 1. Once used oil that is to be burned for energy recovery has been shown not to exceed any allowable level and the person making that showing complies with §§ 279.72, 279.73, and 279.74(b), the used oil is no longer subject to this part.

Table 1— USED OIL NOT EXCEEDING ANY ALLOWABLE LEVEL SHOWN BELOW IS NOT SUBJECT TO THIS PART WHEN BURNED FOR ENERGY RECOVERY1

Constituent/property Allowable level
Arsenic 5 ppm maximum.
Cadmium 2 ppm maximum.
Chromium 10 ppm maximum.
Lead 100 ppm maximum.
Flash point 100 °F minimum.
Total halogens 4,000 ppm maximum. 2
Note: Applicable standards for the burning of used oil containing PCBs are imposed by 40 CFR 761.20(e).

1 The allowable levels do not apply to mixtures of used oil and hazardous waste that continue to be regulated as hazardous waste (see § 279.10(b)).

2 Used oil containing more than 1,000 ppm total halogens is presumed to be a hazardous waste under the rebuttable presumption provided under § 279.10(b)(1). Such used oil is subject to subpart H of part 266 of this chapter rather than this part when burned for energy recovery unless the presumption of mixing can be successfully rebutted.

[57 FR 41612, Sept. 10, 1992, as amended at 58 FR 26425, May 3, 1993; 71 FR 40280, July 14, 2006]

§279.22   Used Oil Storage.

Used oil generators are subject to all applicable Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasures (40 CFR part 112) in addition to the requirements of this Subpart. Used oil generators are also subject to the Underground Storage Tank (40 CFR part 280) standards for used oil stored in underground tanks whether or not the used oil exhibits any characteristics of hazardous waste, in addition to the requirements of this subpart.

(a) Storage units. Used oil generators shall not store used oil in units other than tanks, containers, or units subject to regulation under parts 264 or 265 of this chapter.

(b) Condition of units. Containers and aboveground tanks used to store used oil at generator facilities must be:

(1) In good condition (no severe rusting, apparent structural defects or deterioration); and

(2) Not leaking (no visible leaks).

(c) Labels. (1) Containers and aboveground tanks used to store used oil at generator facilities must be labeled or marked clearly with the words “Used Oil.”

(2) Fill pipes used to transfer used oil into underground storage tanks at generator facilities must be labeled or marked clearly with the words “Used Oil.”

(d) Response to releases. Upon detection of a release of used oil to the environment that is not subject to the requirements of part 280, subpart F of this chapter and which has occurred after the effective date of the recycled used oil management program in effect in the State in which the release is located, a generator must perform the following cleanup steps:

(1) Stop the release;

(2) Contain the released used oil;

(3) Clean up and manage properly the released used oil and other materials; and

(4) If necessary, repair or replace any leaking used oil storage containers or tanks prior to returning them to service.

[57 FR 41612, Sept. 10, 1992, as amended at 58 FR 26425, May 3, 1993; 63 FR 24969, May 6, 1998]

§ 279.72 On-specification used oil fuel.

(a) Analysis of used oil fuel. A generator, transporter, processor/re-refiner, or burner may determine that used oil that is to be burned for energy recovery meets the fuel specifications of § 279.11 by performing analyses or obtaining copies of analyses or other information documenting that the used oil fuel meets the specifications.

(b) Record retention. A generator, transporter, processor/re-refiner, or burner who first claims that used oil that is to be burned for energy recovery meets the specifications for used oil fuel under § 279.11, must keep copies of analyses of the used oil (or other information used to make the determination) for three years.
[57 FR 41612, Sept. 10, 1992, as amended at 58 FR 26426, May 3, 1993]



Labels

                   Related image          


EPA 
Onsite Used Oil Burners
  1. Clean Burn manufactures used oil furnaces
  2. VERMONT USED OIL ANALYSIS AND WASTE OIL FURNACE EMISSIONS STUDY September 1994 Revised March 1996
Used oil Recovery and Treatment 

YouTube Video


SelectionFile type iconFile nameDescriptionSizeRevisionTimeUser
SelectionFile type iconFile nameDescriptionSizeRevisionTimeUser
Ċ
View Download
  246k v. 4 Jan 14, 2016, 8:32 AM Bill Graves
Ċ
View Download
  60k v. 4 Jan 14, 2016, 8:32 AM Bill Graves
SelectionFile type iconFile nameDescriptionSizeRevisionTimeUser
Ċ
View Download
  233k v. 5 Jan 14, 2016, 8:35 AM Bill Graves
Ċ
View Download
  1497k v. 2 Aug 30, 2017, 11:40 AM Cindy Quattlebaum