Grammar Exercises

Singular Plural Nouns

Singular Plural Explanation

When using English, it is necessary to know how to form plural nouns from singular nouns. Plural means more than one, singular means one. There are two kinds of nouns. They are countable nouns and uncountable nouns. Plural nouns can only be made from countable nouns whereas uncountable nouns do not have plural forms. The following explanations are how to form plural nouns.

Plural Nouns Ending In "s"

Most of the plural nouns in English come from the singular noun + "s". Let's see the following examples :

 Singular Nouns  Plural Nouns
 a laptop 
 an ipod
 an island
 a car
 a card
 a house
 a ship
 a girl
 a desk
 an officer
 laptops
 ipods
 islands
 cars
 cards
 houses
 ships
 girls
 desks
 officers

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Plural Nouns Ending In "es"

Some of the plural nouns come from the singular + "es".  We put "es" at the end of the word which ends in o, x, ch, z, sh, s. Let's see the following example. 

 Singular Nouns  Plural Nouns
 a mango
 a potato
 a box
 a watch
 a buzz
 a brush
 a glass
  mangoes
  potatoes
  boxes
  watches
  buzzes
  brushes
  glasses

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Singular Nouns Ending In "consonant + y"

The noun ending in "consonant + y", can be made into plural by changing "y" into "i" + es. Let's see the following examples.

 Singular Nouns  Plural Nouns
 baby
 city
 lady
 fly
 country
 babies
 cities
 ladies
 flies
 countries

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Plural Nouns Ending Both in "s" and "es"

The following plural nouns can be formed by ending "s" or "es" to the singular nouns. Let's see the following examples.

 Singular Nouns  Plural Nouns
 mosquito
 tornado
 portico
 buffalo
 mosquitos / mosquitoes
 tornados / tornadoes
 porticos / porticoes
 buffalos / buffaloes

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Singular Noun Ending In "f" or "fe"

If the singular nouns end in "f" or "fe", we change the "f" or "fe" into "ves" to make them plural. Let's see the following example.

 Singular Nouns  Plural Nouns
 wife
 loaf
 knife
 shelf
 elf
 half
 thief
 gulf
 leaf
 wolf
 life
 wives
 loaves
 knives
 shelves
 elves
 halves
 thieves
 gulves
 leaves
 wolves
 lives

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Singular Noun Ending in "vowel + o"

Singular nouns ending in "vowel + o" can be made into plural nouns by putting "s" at the of them.
 Singular Nouns   Plural Nouns
 folio
 studio
 cameo
  folios
  studios
  cameos

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Irregular Plural Nouns

The following plural nouns are irregular.
 Singular Nouns  Plural Nouns
 a woman
 a man
 a foot
 a tooth
 a child
 a goose
 an ox
 a mouse
 a louse
 a fish
 a person
 a deer
 a sheep
 a moose
 women
 men
 feet
 teeth
 children
 geese
 oxen
 mice
 lice
 fish
 people ( persons = rarely used )
 deer
 sheep
 moose

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Plural Nouns Without Their Singular

The following plural nouns do not have their singular nouns.
  1. glasses/spectacles
  2. jeans
  3. pyjamas
  4. scissors
  5. shorts
  6. tights
  7. oats
  8. shears
We can also say : a pair of glasses, a pair of jeans, etc.

Noun Ending In "s" Considered To Be Singular

The following nouns end in "s" and look plural but they are singular nouns.
  1. mathematics
  2. physics
  3. economics
  4. athletics
  5. gymnastics
  6. news
Example  : Economics is my favorite subject.

Singular Nouns Used with Plural Verbs

The following singular nouns are often used with plural verbs.
  1. government
  2. staff
  3. team
  4. family
  5. audience
  6. committee
  7. The police
Example :
  • The staff are not satisfied with the new policy of the company.
  •  The government are going to raise the tax.

Plural Nouns Used As An Adjective

Plural nouns that we use as an adjective have to be changed into singular. Let's see the following example.
  1. a three-week vacation
  2. a fourteen-year girl
  3. a seven-hour journey
  4. a two-hundred page book
  5. a two floor house

Singular Plural Noun Exercise I

In this exercise, you have to change the singular nouns into plural.
  1. arm    ...........
  2. bush ..........
  3. boy  ..........
  4. day  ..........
  5. bench ........
  6. sketch .......
  7. story  ........
  8. dish    .......
  9. bean  ........
  10. mosque .....

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