Grammar Exercises

Relative Pronouns & Clauses


Relative Pronoun Explanation

Relative pronouns are pronouns used to mark relative clauses. We use a relative clause when we want to tell others which person or things we mean.
Let's see the following relative pronouns.
  1. who
  2. whom
  3. that
  4. which
  5. whose
  6. where

Who

We use who before a relative clause when we are talking about people. We use who instead of  she/he/they. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I like a girl who can cook.
  2. The man who lives next door is my uncle.
  3. I know a lot of people who live in Tanjungsiang.
  4. A nurse is a person who looks after patients.
  5. Where is the girl who sent you the message?

Whom

We use whom before a relative clause when we are talking about people as an object. Let's see the following examples.
  1. The girl whom you like is my sister.
  2. Who is the man whom you talked to last night?
  3. I will never forget the girl whom my mother hates very much.

That

We use that before a relative clause when we are talking about things or people. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I like houses that have large backyard. ( things )
  2. The car that was stolen has been found by the police. ( things )
  3. My sister works for a company that makes laptops. ( things )
  4. The police are chasing the men that stole the car.  ( people )
  5. I'm looking for  the girl that I always miss every day. ( people )

Which

We use which before a relative clause when we are talking about things only.
Let's see the following examples.
  1. I cannot find the books which I put in my room.
  2. She kept all the letters which you sent.

Whose

We use whose before a relative clause when we are talking about people's ownership. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I am seeing the girl whose brother is my classmate. 
  2. He's going to marry a woman whose husband is dead.
  3. The old man whose hair is gray is my grandfather.

Where

We use where before a relative clause when we are talking about places. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I'm going back to the town where I was born.
  2. He doesn't know where his girlfriend lives.
  3. Paris is the place where millions of tourists go to every year.

Exercise

In this exercise you have to complete the sentences with the who, whom, that, which, whose, where.
  1. The girl ... was sitting beside me is so beautiful.
  2. The man ... car you borrowed yesterday is my brother.
  3. The hotel .... we stayed last week was impeccable.
  4. Have you found the book ........you lost?
  5. The boy ....they're going to invite to the meeting is genius.
  6. The man ... the police arrested last night is in jail now.
  7. The food ... you cook is always delicious.
  8. I'll never come back to the place ... I lost my beloved girlfriend.

English Grammar Books





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