Guiding Principles from the Science Framework*:
From the science framework emerged these principles. They guided the framework authors as they completed their work and will be used as the new national standards are developed. They support DPI's guiding principles for disciplinary literacy.
Children Are Born Investigators
The research reveals that children entering kindergarten have surprisingly sophisticated ways of thinking about the world.
Focusing on Core Ideas and Practices
The framework focuses on a limited set of core ideas to allow for deep exploration of important concepts, as well as time for students to develop meaningful understanding, and to actually practice science and engineering.
Understanding Develops Over Time
To develop an understanding of scientific explanations of the world, students need sustained opportunities to work with and develop the underlying ideas and to appreciate those ideas’ interconnections over a period of years rather than weeks or months.
Science and Engineering Require Both Knowledge and Practice
Science is not just a body of knowledge that reflects current understanding of the world; it is also a set of practices used to establish, extend, and refine that knowledge. Both elements— knowledge and practice—are essential.
Connecting to Students’ Interests and Experiences
Research suggests that personal interest, experience, and enthusiasm is critical to children’s learning of science.
Equity in science education requires that all students are provided with equitable opportunities to learn science and become engaged in science and engineering practices; with access to quality space, equipment, and teachers to support and motivate that learning and engagement; and adequate time spent on science.
* Excerpted from the Framework for K-12 Science Education. The framework is a downloadable PDF.