Secondary/Tertiary (Tier 2 + 3 Supports)

 Secondary (Tier 2) and Tertiary (Tier 3) Supports are accessed when students do not respond to Tier 1.  




Tier 2: Specific interventions within a school that can be applied quickly and effectively to a small group of students that are not responding to Tier 1 and who are considered at risk or in need of additional supports.  

Tier 2 teams within each building will use Tier 1 data and a functional based perspective to identify students in need of additional support and targeted group interventions. 

Tier 2 interventions are more intensive and require more support and instruction. Tier 2 interventions should structure and intensify tier 1 supports.

Tier 2 interventions should be systematically embedded within a school so students in need of additional support can access interventions in a timely and efficient manner.  

Tier 2  interventions enable you to provide efficient individualized behavior support when the behaviors of a number of students are unresponsive to school/classroom-wide approaches.

Examples of Tier 2 Interventions used in Cumberland are:

  • Check In Check Out (CICO)
    • Positive adult attention and feedback throughout the day using a daily report card
    • Home/School Communication daily
    • Ongoing progress monitoring

  • Social Skills Instruction 
    • Designed to assist students who need more explicit instruction with the mirco-skills of behavioral success
      • Communicating effectively with peers and teachers
      • Seeking help/attention in expected ways
      • Modulating strong emotions
      • Regulating one’s level of attention and activity
      • Choosing safe and responsible behaviors
      • Problem solving and resolving conflicts in satisfying ways
  • Check and Connect
    • Mentoring Program for students that may exhibit risk factors for school failure and drop out 
      • Build connections and trust 
      • structured meeting with a trusting adult
      • Review student data weekly
      • Problem solve and goal setting
      • Consistently discuss long term goals after high school


Tier 3: Highly intensive, focused, and individualized interventions formally taught and practiced on an individual basis in a systematic and structured manner on an ongoing basis.

Tier 3 interventions apply to the smaller number students who do not respond to Tier 2 interventions. Tier 3 interventions consist of highly customized and individualized interventions and require a high level of support and instruction. Tier 3 interventions are typically delivered on an individual basis due to their high degree of specificity. For example, if a student who has trouble following passing time expectations does not respond to Tier 1 interventions or Tier 2 interventions, the student may be placed on a Tier 3 custom made and unique behavior plan specifically made to address the exact triggers and behaviors they are demonstrating during passing time. Tier 3 interventions are generally not pre-made and cannot usually be used for multiple students due to the fact that they address specific behaviors of a particular student in a particular place and time. Tier 3 interventions will employ the use of an extensive functional behavior assessment to help form and shape interventions as well as other scales and assessments.