The name of this organization shall be "The Delta Theta Phi Law Fraternity, International".
The Object of this organization shall be to unite fraternally congenial students of the law, to lead them and their fellow students to high scholarship and legal learning, to surround them with an environment such that the traditions of the law and of the profession may descend upon them, to promote justice, to inspire respect for the noblest qualities of mankind and to advance the interests of every college of law with which this Fraternity shall be associated.
The Purpose of this organization shall be to perpetuate in every member of this Fraternity, the application of the highest standards of personal integrity, diligence, candor and trust, of individual responsibility, of respect for law, rights and property of others and the highest ethical and professional standards of conduct in the study, practice, and teaching of the law.
The further Purpose of this organization shall be to associate together individuals of this Fraternity for fraternal, scholastic, and social purposes.
Each person initiated into membership in this Fraternity shall have adopted and subscribed to the foregoing Object and Purposes.
The membership of the Fraternity shall consist of all such persons as shall have been heretofore initiated into and retained as members of the Delta Phi Delta, Theta Lambda Phi, Alpha Kappa Phi, and Sigma Nu Phi fraternities and such persons as have heretofore been and shall hereafter be initiated into membership in this Fraternity, provided that membership shall be divided into three classes namely, student, alumni, and honorary.
Honorary members may be elected by any student senate, subject to the approval of the Supreme Senate.
No member shall be considered in good standing unless such member's current annual international dues shall have been paid.
Upon appropriate written request to the Master of Rolls and subject to the approval of the Vice-Chancellor, Member Emeritus may be bestowed upon any member who has reached the age of 65 years and has been a member of the Fraternity for more than 35 years. There shall be no international alumni dues for an Emeritus member. Such member shall receive a Fraternity Emeritus membership certificate in such form as approved by the Supreme Senate.
This Fraternity shall be governed by an International Senate, a Supreme Senate, a Supreme Court, Student Senates, and Alumni Senates.
The officers of the Fraternity shall be a Chancellor, a Vice-Chancellor, a Master of Rolls, a Master Inspector, a Master Scholar, a Master Alumnus, a Marshal, Two Student Members, Justices, and District and Deputy Chancellors.
The officers of the Fraternity shall receive such compensation for their services as the Supreme Senate shall direct.
There shall be no annual international dues for student members of the Fraternity, all such dues having been included and made a part of the registration fee provided for in Section 3(a) of this Article.
The publications of the Fraternity shall be under the supervision of the Supreme Senate.
The Publications of the Fraternity shall consist of:
The Supreme Senate, by resolution, shall divide the student and alumni senates of the Fraternity into districts for the purpose of administration. A redistricting of the senates may be made at any time.
The Chancellors shall appoint a District Chancellor for each District. Each District Chancellor shall possess such supervisory powers as are conferred upon such officer by the Chancellor.
Charters shall bear the coat of arms of the Fraternity and they shall have imprinted thereon the following words: "The Delta Theta Phi Law Fraternity, International Founded A. D. 1900 as DFD, A. D. 1902 as AKF, A. D. 1903 as QLF. Consolidated in 1913. Merged with SNF, Founded A. D. 1903, in 1989. Be it known to all persons: That the International Senate of the Delta Theta Phi Law Fraternity, International, reposing special confidence in Brothers and Sisters..... does hereby direct them to organize, work, and perpetuate...... Senate at ....... according to the constitution, laws, ritual, traditions and usages of the Fraternity and for this purpose confers upon them and their successors all the rights and privileges of a ..... Senate of this Fraternity. Given under our hands and the seal of the Fraternity this ... Day of ....... In the Year of Our Lord the ........ and of the Fraternity the .........
Master of Rolls
The pledge button shall be a geometric shield with the dexter and sinister corners erased, while across the shield is a bend dexter. The bend dexter shall be green and the remainder of the shield shall be white.
The colors of the Fraternity shall be green and white.
The seal of the Fraternity shall bear the legend: "The Delta Theta Phi Law Fraternity, International, founded A. D. 1900, A. D. 1902, and A. D. 1903."
The Coat of Arms shall be as follows: The center shall be a geometric shield with the dexter and sinister corners erased. Crossing the shield is a bend dexter, upon which appears a fasces. The bend dexter is interrupted by a seven pointed shield upon which appears an open book and a scales of justice, the inner shield, open book and scales of justice being united by a triangle. Dividing the sinister chief point is a per bend which does not continue on the dexter side of the orle. In the middle chief point is a circle. On the sinister side of the orle are a crossed quill and key, while below the bend is a flaming sword. Above the shield is a braid, which supports a crest, which is an owl, while the lambrequin mantles the shield. Below and supporting the lower base points of the shield is a scroll upon which appears the Greek letters: DQF, surrounded by the Greek letters: DFD, QLF, AKF, and SNF.
The official Fraternity flower shall be the white carnation with a background of green leaves.
The Master of Rolls shall issue an annual dues card to each alumni member upon the payment of the annual international dues.
The International Senate is the sovereign body of the Fraternity.
The International Senate shall be composed of the members of the Supreme Senate, the deans of the student senates and the deans of the alumni senates which are in good standing, all Past Chancellors and all those persons who have ever held the chief executive office in or who are Founders of the DFD, AKF, QLF, or SNF fraternities.
The officers of the Supreme Senate shall be the officers of the International Senate.
The regular sessions of the International Senate shall be held biennially at a day and an hour to be designated by the Supreme Senate.
Special sessions of the International Senate may be called at any time either by the Supreme Senate or by a two-thirds vote of the members of the International Senate.
The expenses of the sessions of the International Senate shall be determined by the Supreme Senate and shall be paid from the treasury of the Fraternity.
The International Senate shall have supreme sovereign power, subject only to those powers granted by this Constitution to the Supreme, student and alumni senates.
The actions of the International Senate shall be designated "Acts" and they shall bear a serial number. All "Acts" shall be adopted by a majority vote, except as otherwise provided herein.
The International Senate when not in session may transact business and vote on any matter by correspondence, and all ballots to be counted must be received within thirty days from the date they are mailed to the International Senate.
Whenever two or more colleges of law at which the Fraternity shall have heretofore established student senates has heretofore been, or shall hereafter be, in any manner united into one college of law, the student senates in such colleges of law shall be continued and perpetuated as one consolidated student senate under such terms and conditions and under such name which may be a combination of the name of eminent jurists, as the Supreme Senate by resolution shall prescribe. The Supreme Senate shall prescribe the form of, and issue a charter to, such consolidated senate, the fee for which (to be paid by such consolidated senates) shall be the actual cost thereof. Alumni members of the constituent senates which are of hereafter shall be consolidated by the provisions of this section shall be to all intents and purposes alumni members of such consolidated senates.
Each petition for a student senate shall include the following:
Each petition for a charter for an alumni senate shall include the following:
The original and two copies of the petition shall be furnished to the Master of Rolls of the Fraternity.
After the charter shall have been granted, the Chancellor shall designate the date of installation and shall then, either in person or by deputy properly designated, install the senate and report to the International Senate the day and hour on which the senate is established.
The fees for the granting of a charter shall be as follows:
The Supreme Senate is the executive department of the Fraternity. It shall have such powers as are granted by this constitution.
The Supreme Senate shall consist of the Chancellor, the Vice-Chancellor, the Master of Rolls, the Master Inspector, the Master Scholar, the Master Alumnus, the Marshal and two Student Members.
The Supreme Senate shall meet in session at the call of the Chancellor. The reasonable expenses of the Student members in attending sessions of the Supreme Senate, and other reasonable expenses of the Student Members authorized in advance by the Chancellor or the Supreme Senate, shall be paid by the Fraternity.
The Supreme Senate may transact its business by correspondence.
Each official act of the Supreme Senate shall be in the form of a resolution, which shall bear a serial number.
Whenever a resolution shall be submitted to the Supreme Senate for a vote by mail, all votes not filed with the Master of Rolls within fifteen days after the mailing of the resolution shall be cast by the Chancellor.
The Supreme Senate shall have the following powers:
The Supreme Court shall consist of five Justices, who shall be elected by the International Senate and who shall hold office for two years.
The presiding Justice shall be called a Chief Justice and the other Justices shall be called Associate Justices.
The Chief Justice shall be elected by the Supreme Court.
The Master of Rolls shall be the Clerk of the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction in all judicial matters, except in those matters delegated to the Supreme and student senates, and such appellate jurisdiction as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this constitution.
The decisions of the Supreme Court, including the interpretation of the constitution and laws of the Fraternity, shall be final.
The Supreme Court shall transact its business by correspondence, unless called together by the Supreme Senate or by the request of two Justices. All decisions shall be in writing.
The Supreme Court shall have the power to issue such writs as are necessary.
In all cases affecting the acts of the officers of the Fraternity or of the Supreme and International Senates, over which the Supreme Court has jurisdiction, the Supreme Court shall follow the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and shall have the power to issue advisory opinions as requested by the Supreme Senate.
In all other cases the procedure shall be that of the state in which the senate or member is a resident.
All testimony shall be introduced by deposition, unless otherwise ordered by the said court.
The Supreme Court shall have the power to adopt additional rules of procedure not inconsistent with the provisions of the foregoing sections of this article.
The student senates shall be named after eminent jurists or other distinguished persons.
Each student senate shall consist of all those student members who are enrolled as undergraduates or postgraduate students in the college of law in which the student senate is located, subject to the provisions of Section 2 and Section 3 of Article II of Part I of this constitution.
The officers of each student senate shall be a Dean, a Vice-Dean, a Clerk of the Rolls, a Clerk of the Exchequer, a Master of the Ritual, a Bailiff, and a Tribune. Unless otherwise provided by the senate by-laws, the senate officers shall be elected annually during the second semester or the third quarter of the school year of the law school at which the student senate is located, fixing the date therefor by a duly adopted by-law, and they shall be installed at the same or next session.
The installation of the officers of a student senate shall be made by the Tribune holding a proper certificate of election or by some member of the International Senate, Supreme Court, or District Chancellor, or the installing officer being a Deputy Chancellor for this purpose.
The Clerk of the Rolls shall be the recording officer of the student senate, serving as the custodian of the records, and rendering such reports as the Tribune shall require.
The Clerk of the Exchequer shall be the financial officer of the student senate, keeping the money of the senate, making disbursements only with the countersignature of the Dean, and also, rendering such reports as the Tribune shall require.
The Master of the Ritual shall be the ritualist of the student senate, supervising all initiations (under the advice and direction of the Dean), signing all minutes and registrations of initiates as an attestation that the session has been opened and closed as provided by the ritual, and serving as the custodian of the ritual and secret work.
The Bailiff shall guard the Senate Chamber and permit none but duly qualified members to enter during sessions of the senate.
Regular sessions shall be held at least monthly during the academic year.
Special sessions may be called any time, either by the Dean or by one-fifth of the members, provided that every student member shall be notified. No matter shall be acted upon unless it shall be specified in the call for the special session.
A quorum for the transaction of all business shall consist of one-half of the student members of the senate who are entitled to vote, three of whom must be officers.
The standing committees of each student senate shall be a membership committee, a social committee, and a finance committee. The members of the standing committees shall be appointed by the Dean at the first session following said officer's installation. They shall hold office at the Dean's pleasure.
Special committees may be appointed by the Dean at any time or at the order of the senate.
It shall be the duty if the membership committee to canvass the various classes of the college of law in which the student senate is located in order to secure the names of candidates to propose for election to membership in the Fraternity, to investigate the qualifications of each candidate proposed for election to membership and to make a recommendation upon each candidate investigated by it.
The social committee shall prepare a social program and, after approval of the program by the senate, the social committee shall execute the same.
It shall be the duty of the finance committee to recommend the amount of monthly dues, the amount of the initiation fee, the amount of all special assessments, to prepare a budget for the year in accordance with the school's budgetary guidelines, and to audit all bills.
All obligations to the Supreme Senate shall be paid immediately as they become due.
Each initiate shall be required to pay a senate initiation fee. The amount of the initiation fee shall be determined by vote of the senate, after recommendation by the finance committee, but no charge shall be made thereafter until the proposed change shall have been read in at least two regular sessions held prior to the vote.
Each student member shall pay such senate dues as are prescribed in the by-laws of the senate. The amount of the dues and the frequency of their payment shall be determine by the by-laws of the senate, or by majority vote of the senate. No changes in student dues shall be made by vote of the senate until the proposed changes shall have been read in at least two regular sessions of the senate, held prior to the session at which the voting occurs.
Special assessments may be levied at any time by vote of the senate, after recommendation by the finance committee, provided that the proposed assessments shall have been read in one regular session held prior to the vote.
Each student may elect and initiate student, alumni, and honorary members into its senate subject to the provisions of Part I, Article II, of this constitution and to the provisions of this article. The election of all members shall be by unanimous ballot of the members present.
Candidates may be proposed by the membership committee or by any member of the student senate but no name shall be balloted upon at the session at which it is proposed and no name shall be balloted upon until the membership committee shall render a favorable report thereon after investigation.
After a candidate shall have been elected top membership, the Dean shall appoint a committee to interview the candidate and to notify said candidate of such election. When the candidate's acceptance shall have been received, the senate shall designate a time for the pledging ceremony or initiation ceremony, if the pledging ceremony is not used.
At or after the pledging ceremony, but before the date set for the initiation ceremony, the Tribune shall procure a signed statement from the candidate in such form as the Vice-Chancellor may prescribe. The statement shall be sworn to by the candidate before the Tribune. This statement shall be sent to the Master of Rolls at the International Office who, if satisfied that the candidate is qualified for membership, shall issue a permit to initiate to the Tribune when the registration fee for such candidate shall have been paid. The Senate shall retain a copy of each application for its rolls.
Pursuant to Part Five, Article VI, Section 4 of the Constitution, the Master of Rolls shall prepare the order for the Certificates of Membership and send recognition pins to the school. The Senate may then, but not before, initiate such candidates. The Tribune shall immediately notify the Master of Rolls at the International Office of the completion of the initiation. Upon notification of the date of initiation, the Master of Rolls shall submit the order for the Certificates of Membership. However, if for any reason the initiation does not take place the Tribune shall return the permit to initiate and the recognition pins to the Master of Rolls with a report of the facts.
Upon the election of an honorary or alumni member and the approval thereof by the Supreme Senate or the Vice-Chancellor, as applicable, and upon payment to the Master of Rolls of the required registration fee and the furnishing of such statements or information as the Vice-Chancellor may direct, the Vice-Chancellor shall issue a permit to initiate and the Master of Rolls shall issue a Certificate of Membership and a recognition pin. The senate may then, but not before, initiate such honorary or alumni member as provided in the ritual. No alumni member shall be elected until provision is made to pay the registration fee.
The pledging ceremony, if used, may be omitted in the case of alumni members elected in the pursuance of Part I, Article II, Sec. 3, but the statement required by Sec. 4 and by Sec. 5 of this article shall be procured and submitted to the Vice-Chancellor and Master of Rolls unless the Vice-Chancellor shall direct otherwise.
As soon as the initiation of any candidate is completed, the initiate is a member of the initiating senate, but no person elected or initiated contrary to the provision of this constitution or the ritual is a member of this Fraternity.
No senate shall be considered in good standing or entitled to representation in the International Senate which shall be in arrears in its registration fees or which shall have elected or initiated members contrary to this constitution or the ritual.
Each student senate may suspend or expel any member of the senate who advocates the overthrow of the government of the United States by force or violence or who violates a senate by-law which provides grounds and procedures for suspension or expulsion for financial delinquency to the senate or for other offenses susceptible of explicit definition, and which are explicitly defined in that senate's by-laws. In any case falling within this section, the by-laws specifying the grounds for suspension or expulsion must have been enacted prior to the commission of the offense for which the penalty is imposed, or if a continuing offense or delinquency, prior to the continuance.
A student member may be suspended for a period not exceeding six months or expelled from membership in the Fraternity by a three-fourths vote of all of the student members in good standing of the student senate of which said person is a member. Before a vote of the senate is taken on the question of such suspension or expulsion the complainant or complainants shall file a written complaint setting forth the charges upon which such action of the senate is sought and, if the senate entertains the complaint, it shall cause a written notice containing such charges and the time and place of the hearing thereon to be delivered personally to the accused or to be sent by registered mail or delivered to said accused's last known place of abode, properly addressed, at least seven days before the time set for such hearing. The complaint may be amended at any time upon notice to the accused, served as aforesaid, but the accused shall be allowed such additional time, not to exceed seven days as shall be reasonable under all the circumstances to defend against the amended complaint. A hearing on the complaint shall be held at the time set, or at any time to which the hearing may from time to time be continued, before the senate or some committee thereof (as the senate may by by-law, or in the absence of a by-law on the subject, in a particular instance, direct) and the accused shall have the right to appear either in person or by counsel, to introduce evidence, examine and cross-examine witnesses and to argue the matter. If the accused shall not appear and defend, the accused may be defaulted and the charges may be taken as confessed. After such default or such hearing (and if heard by committee after receiving the report of the committee) the senate shall vote on the question of such suspension or expulsion. If a penalty be imposed under this section, a summary of the evidence shall be prepared by the Clerk of the Rolls or other person and signed by the Dean or other person who presided at the hearing, and shall, with the result of the vote on such charges, be entered in the records of the student senate.
The Tribune of the student senate shall immediately notify the Master of Rolls of the suspension or expulsion of any member of the senate and the cause thereof and, if the proceedings shall have been pursuant to Sec. 2 of this article and shall have resulted in expulsion, shall file with the Master of Rolls the original or certified copies of the written charges, notices of hearing and proof of service thereof, a summary of the evidence on the hearing, a report of the committee to the senate (if heard by a committee), action of the senate on the charges and the last known place of abode of the accused. The Master of Rolls shall make a record of the action of the senate and, if the judgment of the senate be that of expulsion, shall notify the accused by a notice mailed to such person at the most recent mail address in the records or within the knowledge of the Master or Rolls and the accused may, within forty days of the mailing of such notice, appeal from such expulsion to the Supreme Court.
Student senates may adopt such by-laws as are not in conflict with the provisions of this constitution, but no changes shall be made therein after adoption until the proposed changes shall have been read in two regular sessions held prior to the adoption of the change.
Each alumni senate shall be named in such manner so as to indicate its geographical location.
Each alumni senate shall consist of all those alumni members and honorary members of the Fraternity who have been elected to membership in such senate.
The officers of each alumni senate shall be a Dean, Vice-Dean, a Clerk of the Rolls, a Clerk of the Exchequer, a Master of the Ritual, a Bailiff, a Tribune, and such additional officers as the by-laws of each senate may provide. Only those alumni members in good standing may hold office in an alumni senate.
Unless otherwise provided by the senate by-laws, the officers of each alumni senate shall be elected annually during the month of May and they shall hold office until their successors are installed. The qualifications of such officers may be provided by the senate by-laws.
The officers shall be installed by any member of the International Senate, Supreme Court or by a District Chancellor. The installing officer shall be a Deputy Chancellor for this purpose.
Unless otherwise provided by the senate by-laws, the duties of the officers of the alumni senate shall be those provided by this constitution for like-named officers of student senates, excepting only that the Tribune, rather than the Dean of the alumni senate shall be the voting member of the International Senate and the representative of the Supreme and International Senate.
The Dean shall take office as soon as notice of such officer's election shall have been filed with the Master of Rolls. A certificate of election shall be issued by the Master of Rolls, authorizing said person to exercise all the duties of Dean of the alumni senate and as member of the International Senate. As a member of the International Senate, the Dean shall cast each vote without any binding instructions whatever, but shall counsel with the members of the senate insofar as practicable at all times.
Sessions may be called and held in the manner and at such times as the senate by-laws provide but, if the by-laws make no different provision therefor, the senate shall meet at the call of the Dean, Vice-Dean or any of five members in good standing, which call shall be communicated personally or by mail to each member of the senate in good standing.
A quorum shall consist of such number as the senate by-laws may provide or, if the by-laws make no provision therefor, shall consist of five members in good standing.
Alumni and honorary members of the Fraternity in good standing may be admitted to membership in the senate upon a unanimous vote of the members present; provided further, that members who are seniors in their school of law may, if so provided by the by-laws, be admitted into membership of the alumni senate.
Suspension or expulsion of a member of any alumni senate from membership therein shall conform to its by-laws and shall not of itself affect the membership of such a member in the international fraternity.
An alumni member shall not be permitted initiation into an alumni senate until the alumni senate is satisfied that such member has paid all monies owed to such member's student senate.
A student member of an alumni senate as a condition for continued membership in the alumni senate must maintain active membership in the student senate until graduation or withdrawal from the law school with which the student senate is affiliated.
Fees, dues, and special assessments shall be such as may be imposed from time to time in accordance with the senate by-laws. Unless prohibited by such by-laws, special assessments may be levied at any time by a majority vote of the members present at a duly called meeting of the senate, a quorum being present, if the call for such meeting contained a statement that a special assessment would be voted upon.
The Dean of an alumni senate shall not be entitled to vote in the International Senate unless at least ten members of such senate are in good standing.
Alumni senates may adopt, and from time to time amend, by-laws not in conflict with the provisions of this constitution by a two-thirds majority vote of the members present and voting at any meeting, a quorum being present, but the call for such meeting shall contain a statement that such by-laws or amendments will be voted upon at such meeting.
A ritual shall be adopted by the Supreme Senate and the Supreme Senate shall have the authority to amend the ritual from time to time.
The International Senate, when in regular or special session, may adopt, and from time to time, amend, by-laws not in conflict with the provisions of this constitution, by a simple majority vote of the members present and voting at any meeting, a quorum being present.
When the International Senate is not in session, the Supreme Senate, in regular or special meeting, may amend by-laws previously adopted by the International Senate where that amendment is not inconsistent with the original intent of the by-law previously adopted by the International Senate; and may adopt and from time to time amend other by-laws not in conflict with the provisions of this constitution by a two-thirds vote of the members present and voting, a quorum being present, or if by correspondence, a two-thirds vote of those returning ballots. Provided, however, that copies of proposed by-laws or proposed amendments to said by-laws, must be mailed to all Supreme Senate members at least fourteen days in advance of the regular or special meeting at which they are to be considered and, provided further, that if the by-laws or amendments thereto are to be considered by correspondence then copies of such by-laws or amendments thereto, must be mailed to all Supreme Senate member at least fourteen days in advance of the mailing of ballots.
Any by-laws amendment made by the Supreme Senate shall be subject to review by the International Senate at the next biennial convention and must be affirmed by simple majority vote of the members present and voting at any meeting, a quorum being present.
Subject to the succeeding section, this constitution may be amended at any regular or special session of the International senate by a two-thirds vote of the members of the International Senate then present a quorum being present. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, this constitution may be amended by mail to provide for the merger of another law fraternity or law sorority into the Fraternity if the Fraternity is the surviving entity, and if such amendment is sponsored by a unanimous resolution of the Supreme Senate. The vote by mail shall only be under the following procedures:
Amendments to this constitution, which any senate or member of the Fraternity desires to have submitted to the International Senate at any regular or special session thereof, shall be filed with the Master of Rolls at least sixty days before the convening of any such session and the Master of Rolls shall publish all such proposed amendments to the International Senate immediately after the time for filing the same with him shall have expired. Proposed amendments so filed may in turn be amended in any respect germane thereto, without further notice before being adopted by the International Senate. The decisions of the International Senate that any such amendment is germane to the original amendment shall be conclusive evidence that in respect of such amendment this section has been obeyed.