Natural Resource Inventory (NRI)

Welcome to the Columbia County Natural Resources Inventory!

The County Environmental Management Council, under New York State law, is charged with creating a Natural Resources Inventory (NRI) as an information resource. The purpose is to inform planning for the future in ways that support the County’s natural assets and the benefits they provide. The NRI summarizes and analyzes existing data about the physical, biological, and cultural aspects of the natural environment that shape Columbia County’s landscape. It identifies lands supporting community resilience in a changing climate and resources that are sensitive to changes in land use. The NRI is complete with a series of maps available through this webpage.

The complete NRI is now available for download:



Due to the large file size of the complete NRI, it is also posted in a set of seven files. 

Part 1 - Cover and pages i-vii, and 1-34

Front matter, Table of Contents, Summary, Introduction, How to Use the NRI, Physical Setting, Land Uses Past and Present

Part 2 - pages 35-52

Natural Resources: Enduring Features, Mineral Resources, Water Resources

Part 3 - pages 53-80

Biological Resources

Part 4 - pages 81-110

Biological Resources

Part 5 - pages 111-124

Farmland Resources, Renewable Energy Resources, Scenic Resources, Recreation Resources

Part 6 - pages 125-197

Threats to Resources of Concern; Conservation Principles and Measures; Protected Lands; Legislative Protections; Identifying Local Conservation Priorities; Achieving Conservation Goals 

Part 7: pages 198-291 

References Cited and Appendices, including:

Appendix A. Glossary
Appendix B. Data sheets for Columbia County impaired waterbodies
Appendix C. Plants and animals of Columbia County
Appendix D. Explanation of rarity rank

Columbia County EMC  Natural Resources Inventory Advisory Group

Members of the EMC

Theresa Mayhew, Cornell Cooperative Extension 

Ellen Jouret-Epstein, Germantown 

Karen Mort, Ghent 

Christian Sweningsen, Stuyvesant 

Anna Kadish, Taghkanic



Larry Brody, Gallatin 

Kathy Schneider, Stuyvesant


Partner NGOs

Columbia Land Conservancy


Hawthorne Valley Farmscape Ecology Program 

This Project has been funded in part by a grant from the New York State Environmental Protection Fund through the Hudson River Estuary Program of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

For more information about natural resource inventories, visit