Dear Colleague,


            I want to bring to your attention a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar taking place in 2010. The topic is “Free Will and Human Perfection in Medieval Jewish Philosophy.” I will be directing the five-week seminar, beginning on June 27 and concluding on July 31. I invite you to apply to be a participant. There will be a total of sixteen participants, which may include up to two graduate students. It is not necessary to be a specialist in the seminar’s topical area or even to be in the discipline of Philosophy. Our main aim is to have an engaged, energetic group, exploring the issues in depth. This should help the participants to develop their own scholarship and curricular plans. Applicants may come from Philosophy, Religious Studies, Medieval Studies, Theology, Jewish Studies, and other areas. The focus will be on philosophical topics and texts but the treatment of them should prove to be valuable and interesting to scholar/teachers in many fields.


Our Topic and Texts

The seminar is built around study of Saadia Gaon (882-942) and Moses Maimonides (1135-1204) on key issues of moral psychology and moral thought. We will also look at some of the thought of Bahya ibn Pakuda. (c.1050-c.1156) This will involve examining their conceptions of the will, the nature and acquisition of the virtues, the relations between intellectual and ethical excellence, and what constitutes the perfection of a human life. The issue of 'the reasons of the commandments'--the question of the rational justification of the commandments in Torah, and of the relation between revelation and rational morality--will be one of our central concerns. We will examine issues concerning the moral epistemology of Torah’s commandments and we will examine Saadia and Maimonides’ conceptions of moral knowledge, moral agency (including topics such as repentance, forgiveness, self-knowledge, humility, and the emotions) and the place of moral requirements in a life overall. Our discussions will aim at both (a) attaining a penetrating understanding of these thinkers' views and (b) explicating their enduring relevance and the ways their views can be constructively integrated into contemporary moral psychology and ethics.


We will also be looking at some topically relevant works by Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), providing an important basis for comparing the ways in which Jewish and Christian theological commitments make a difference to moral psychology, moral epistemology, and the conception of perfection. This will also be an excellent way to highlight differences between the appropriation of Neoplatonic thought and Aristotelian thought by Jewish and Christian thinkers.


The main texts from Saadia and Maimonides will be the former's The Book of Beliefs and Opinions and the latter's "Eight Chapters," "Laws Concerning Character Traits," "Laws of Repentance," and excerpts from Guide of the Perplexed, particularly Part III. In addition, we will read some excerpts from Bahya ibn Pakuda's The Book of Direction to Duties of the Heart. We will also read Anselm's "On Free Will" and excerpts from Aquinas' Summa Theologica. Nearly all of the readings for the seminar will be primary sources.

Saadia is crucially important because his identification and formulation of key issues set so much of the agenda of later Jewish philosophy. Indeed, Maimonides often had Saadia's claims and methods in mind in elaborating his own thought. Also, Saadia is especially interesting for having elaborated his philosophy without explicitly relying on the prevailing Neoplatonism of his time. The study of his work is an especially illuminating way to explore the relation of philosophical thought and religion prior to the large-scale appropriation of Aristotle’s thought a couple of centuries later.


Maimonides is widely regarded as the greatest medieval Jewish philosopher and his thought is important and influential in the Jewish tradition and in philosophy in general. In particular, his subtle and complex conception of the relation between reason and revelation is of the first importance. We will see how his work is not only a remarkable landmark of medieval thought but is also rich with resources for addressing enduring issues in ethics and moral psychology. The moral epistemology of tradition is one issue with respect to which Maimonides’ thought can be seen to have a great deal of contemporary relevance. We will examine how he borrowed from Neoplatonic and Aristotelian philosophy in developing strikingly original insights and arguments.

Bahya is included because of the depth and subtlety of his moral-psychological insights, and his conception of the role of the intellect in moral life.


Saadia, Bahya, and Maimonides are outstanding examples of medieval Jewish rationalism and each offers a fascinating conception of how the claims of reason and revelation can be interpreted as complementary and mutually reinforcing. Explicating that claim, and also their views of the interpenetration of the intellectual and the ethical will be among the thematic concerns of the seminar.


Anselm's "On Free Will" is an elegant and deep articulation of Christian Neoplatonism regarding the will and the nature and significance of freedom. In addition, Anselm's thought resonates in some influential contemporary work on free will. Aquinas provides us with powerful, clear formulations of several of the main concerns of the seminar, as understood by a Christian thinker who is enormously influential in philosophy in general and not just in Catholic thought. Our study of Anselm and Aquinas will enlarge the philosophical context, facilitate the explication of important contrasts, and supply more points of contact with enduring and contemporary philosophical theorizing and disputes.


Our distinguished visitors will be Sir Anthony Kenny (Oxford) and Prof. Menachem Kellner (University of Haifa). They will each visit the seminar for a few days and will lead some sessions of it, discussing their own scholarship on our topics. Professor Kenny will focus on Aquinas, and Professor Kellner will focus on Maimonides but of course, their interests and expertise range across all of the texts and topics of the seminar. Professor Kenny has written extensively on the history of philosophy—especially ancient and medieval—and on philosophy of mind, the will, and philosophy of religion. It will be especially valuable to have his guidance in understanding Aquinas and in considering the different ways in which Aquinas and Maimonides appropriated Aristotle’s philosophy. Professor Kellner’s expertise in medieval philosophy, moral philosophy, and Maimonides, in particular, speaks directly to our texts and topics.


Prof. Kenny and Prof. Kellner’s visits will be an extraordinary opportunity for us. We will read some of each scholar’s work and those readings will be the only departures from primary sources included on the syllabus for our sessions. I will supply a bibliography of secondary sources and additional sources, to help you pursue your interests and develop your own projects.


Format, Location, and Setting

We will meet three days each week for a three-hour session and on two of the days each week for an additional hour. After the first few sessions, during which I will introduce themes and issues, participants will have a key role in leading sessions and guiding our discussions. During the three-hour sessions we will focus on the readings and on explicating the claims and arguments of their authors. In the one-hour sessions we will follow up on topics of special interest. We will be flexible in how we allocate time to  discussion of participants’ individual projects, using portions of both the longer and the shorter meetings as needed. Of course, those projects will be treated as works in progress. I look forward to the many ways in which we will gain from considering each other’s work. There will be plenty of time for informal gatherings and conversation. The number of meeting-hours has been chosen with a view to allowing participants’ plenty of time to conduct research, to reflect, and to meet informally. The readings for the seminar are all in translation and the amount of reading is very manageable. Our aim will be to explore some key texts and topics quite thoroughly rather than trying to cover a very large amount of readings.


In addition to the regularly scheduled sessions I will have office hours during which I will meet with individual participants. I will be very interested to find out where your own specific interests will lead you, and I hope to be able to offer suggestions and comments on your work. The seminar will be an opportunity for everyone to make new connections, discover some new avenues of exploration, and to find out how others approach and appreciate the texts and the issues.


The seminar will be held at Colgate University in Hamilton, NY. Colgate has a beautiful campus and Hamilton is a lovely, small village in central New York. The area is ideal for hiking, biking, boating, and just enjoying comfortable summer weather in a lovely rural setting. The town has a very good bookstore, cafes, and movie theaters. It is about a one-hour drive from Syracuse, at which there is air-service to several major cities as well as numerous restaurants, theaters, malls, and museums. Hamilton is about a five-hour drive from NYC, Boston, Philadelphia, and Toronto. Amtrak serves Utica, NY, which is forty-five minutes from Colgate. Syracuse has a minor league baseball stadium and a very good museum of science and technology. This is an area in which it is very easy to enjoy outdoor summer activities. There is a very nice playground at the town’s public school in case anyone opts to bring young children.


The town itself does not have a great deal of retail shopping but there are large malls in Syracuse and in Utica. Both cities offer a variety of restaurants. There are a couple of banks right in Hamilton and there are ATM’s on campus and in town. Summer weather here tends to be fairly comfortable, with a good deal of bright sunshine, temperatures in the 70’s and 80’s and it cools off quite a bit at night. There is usually a ‘hot spell’ of a week or so. The campus spaces we will be using will be air-conditioned, but many people here simply do not feel the need for air conditioning during the summer. There is a Fourth of July parade and celebration, which involves Hamilton and several nearby towns.


Options for accommodation are available. If you wish, you may live in a Colgate residence hall, or share a house with other participants or rent an apartment. Details concerning accommodation will be posted on the seminar’s website as soon as they are available. Participants will be able to take meals in the university’s dining hall if they wish, and housing with kitchen facilities is also available. In addition, participants will have access to the main library and to other university facilities (for recreation and fitness). During the summer it is generally easy to secure parking on the Colgate campus. It should not be a problem to have a car here. Also, there are auto mechanics right in town.



Seminar Director

For many years I have been working mainly in metaethics and moral psychology, with especially strong interest in questions concerning the voluntariness of character, the role of character in ethical cognition, and the elaboration and defense of the objectivity of moral considerations. My interest in medieval philosophy, which has developed over the last decade or so, is shaped by those concerns plus an interest in the way in which theistic commitments impact moral psychology and metaethics. Medieval Jewish thinkers are of particular interest to me because of their concern with the relation between revealed law and rational justification. Moreover, I am very interested in elaborating ways in which medieval thought is enduringly relevant and can have a place in contemporary debates. The importance of the thinkers we will study is not confined to their place in the history of philosophy. Throughout the seminar we will be attending to respects in which the works we study supply very valuable resources for addressing central, persistent problems of moral thought, in addition to being significant for their role in the history of philosophy and in Jewish thought.


I am the author of nine books, including Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy, forthcoming from Oxford University Press. In addition, I am the Editor of Hebraic Sources and European Thought: Jerusalem's Enduring Presence, also forthcoming from Oxford, and I am organizing a volume of new work on natural law theorizing in antiquity and the Middle Ages, with a focus on the role (or absence of one) of theistic considerations in natural law. I have published extensively on ethics, Maimonides, medieval philosophy, and other areas such as the justification of punishment. I am a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge, and have been a Visiting Scholar at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Ethics, Philosophy, and Public Affairs at St. Andrews (twice), and a Visiting Scholar at the Center for Philosophy and Public Policy at Bowling Green State University. I am also in one of the working groups supported by a grant to Princeton University from the Tikvah Fund, to study Jewish thought. My contribution focuses on medieval Jewish philosophical thought concerning holiness. My work has been supported by grants from the Littauer Foundation, the Earhart Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Humanities among other fellowships and scholarships.


Naturally, while my interests have had an important role in shaping the overall contours of the seminar, our explorations and conversations will be about the thinkers and the topics we study, and not about my work. It would be wonderful if the seminar deepens and broadens study of the thinkers and the issues, and focusing attention on them, rather than on my own views and positions, is the way to move in that direction.


Stipend and Expenses

Each participant will receive a stipend of $3900 from the National Endowment for the Humanities. That should help a great deal to cover the cost of room, board, and books. The books are reasonably priced and easily available. Some readings will be supplied as photocopies. Housing will costs will vary, depending upon what option you select, but in general, the cost of housing in this area is very reasonable. I will soon have information on prices for meals in Colgate dining facilities, in case you wish to choose that option. As mentioned above, several airlines serve Syracuse airport, about one-hour’s drive from Colgate. Taxi service to and from the airport and the Amtrak station is easy to arrange. Should several participants arrive at the airport or train station at roughly the same time, I can arrange for a van to come and pick you up.


Application Procedure

Application information is included with this letter. The website for the seminar is: https://sites.google.com/a/Colgate.edu/jphilfwill/ For information and inquiries please contact:


Ms. Jean Getchonis,

Administrative Assistant, Department of Philosophy and NEH Summer Seminar

Colgate University, Hamilton, NY 13346

jgetchonis@colgate.edu (315)-228-7681.


Ms. Getchonis and I will be working together closely to make sure that you receive information and replies to your inquiries in a timely manner.


Your completed application should be postmarked no later than March 2, 2010, and should be addressed as follows:


NEH Summer Seminar

Professor Jonathan Jacobs

Department of Philosophy

Colgate University

Hamilton, NY 13346


Perhaps the most important part of your application is the essay. This essay should include your reasons for applying to the specific project; your relevant personal and academic information; your qualifications to do the work of the project and make a contribution to it; what you hope to accomplish; and the relations of the study to your teaching.


I hope to hear from you and please ‘spread the word’ among colleagues. I look forward to an instructive, energetic, and illuminating seminar in a lovely setting.







Summer Seminars and Institutes for College and University Teachers are offered by the National Endowment for the Humanities to provide college and university faculty members and independent scholars with an opportunity to enrich and revitalize their understanding of significant humanities ideas, texts, and topics. These study opportunities are especially designed for this program and are not intended to duplicate courses normally offered by graduate programs.  On completion of a seminar or institute, participants will receive a certificate indicating their participation.  Prior to completing an application, please review the letter/prospectus from the project director (available on the project’s website, or as an attachment) and consider carefully what is expected in terms of residence and attendance, reading and writing requirements, and general participation in the work of the project.


Each seminar includes 16 participants working in collaboration with one or two leading scholars.  Participants will have access to a major library collection, with time reserved to pursue individual research and study projects.  Institutes are for 25 participants, and provide intensive collaborative study of texts, topics, and ideas central to undergraduate teaching in the humanities under the guidance of faculties distinguished in their fields of scholarship.  Institutes aim to prepare participants to return to their classrooms with a deeper knowledge of current scholarship in key fields of the humanities. Please note:  The use of the words “seminar” or “institute” in this document is precise and is intended to convey differences between the two project types.



These projects are designed primarily for teachers of American undergraduate students.  Qualified independent scholars and those employed by museums, libraries, historical societies, and other organizations may be eligible to compete provided they can effectively advance the teaching and research goals of the seminar or institute.  Applicants must be United States citizens, residents of U.S. jurisdictions, or foreign nationals who have been residing in the United States or its territories for at least the three years immediately preceding the application deadline. Foreign nationals teaching abroad at non-U.S. chartered institutions are not eligible to apply.   


New this year: Up to two seminar spaces and three institute spaces are reserved for current full-time graduate students in the humanities.


Applicants must complete the NEH application cover sheet and provide all of the information requested below to be considered eligible.  An applicant need not have an advanced degree in order to qualify. Adjunct and part-time lecturers are eligible to apply.  Individuals may not apply to study with a director of a seminar or institute who is a current colleague or a family member. Individuals must not apply to seminars directed by scholars with whom they have studied. Institute selection committees are advised that only under the most compelling and exceptional circumstances may an individual participate in an institute with a director or a lead faculty member who has guided that individual’s research or in whose previous institute or seminar he or she has participated.  


New this year: An individual may apply to up to three projects in any one year (seminars, institutes or Landmarks workshops), but may participate in only one.  Please note that Landmarks Workshops are designed for community college faculty.  



A selection committee reads and evaluates all properly completed applications in order to select the most promising applicants and to identify a number of alternates.  (Seminar selection committees typically consist of the project director and two colleagues.  Institute selection committees typically consist of three to five members, usually drawn from the institute faculty and staff members.)   While recent participants are eligible to apply, selection committees are charged to give first consideration to applicants who have not participated in an NEH-supported seminar, institute or Landmarks workshop in the last three years (2007, 2008, 2009).  


The most important consideration in the selection of participants is the likelihood that an applicant will benefit professionally. This is determined by committee members from the conjunction of several factors, each of which should be addressed in the application essay. These factors include:


  1.  effectiveness and commitment as a teacher, scholar, and interpreter of the


  2.  intellectual interests, both generally and as they relate to the work of the     

       seminar or institute;

  3.  special perspectives, skills, or experiences that would contribute to the

       seminar or institute;

  4.      commitment to participate fully in the formal and informal collegial life of the

       seminar or institute;

  5.  the likelihood that the experience will enhance the applicant's teaching and   

       scholarship; and

  6.      for seminars, the conception and organization of the applicant's independent

     project and its potential contribution to the seminar.


When choices must be made among equally qualified candidates, several additional factors are considered.  Preference is given to applicants who have not previously participated in an NEH seminar, institute, or Landmarks workshop, or who significantly contribute to the diversity of the seminar or institute.




Individuals selected to participate in six-week long projects will receive a stipend of $4,500; those in five-week projects will receive $3,900; those in four-week projects will receive $3,300; those in three-week projects will receive $2,700; and those in two-week projects will receive $2,100.  Stipends are intended to help cover travel expenses to and from the project location, books and other research expenses, and living expenses for the duration of the period spent in residence. Stipends are taxable. Applicants to all projects, especially those held abroad, should note that supplements will not be given in cases where the stipend is insufficient to cover all expenses.  


Seminar and institute participants are required to attend all meetings and to engage fully in the work of the project.  During the project's tenure, they may not undertake teaching assignments or any other professional activities unrelated to their participation in the project.  Participants who, for any reason, do not complete the full tenure of the project must refund a pro-rata portion of the stipend.


At the end of the project's residential period, participants will be asked to submit online evaluations in which they review their work during the summer and assess its value to their personal and professional development.  These evaluations will become part of the project's grant file and may become part of an application to repeat the seminar or institute.



These general application instructions from the NEH should be accompanied by a “Dear Colleague Letter” from the project director that contains detailed information about the topic under study; project requirements and expectations of the participants; the academic and institutional setting; and specific provisions for lodging, subsistence, and extracurricular activities.  If you do not have such a letter/prospectus, please request one from the director of the project(s) in which you are interested before you attempt to complete and submit an application. In many cases, directors have websites for their projects and the “Dear Colleague Letter” may be downloaded.  All application materials must be sent to the project director. Application materials sent to the Endowment will not be reviewed.



A completed application consists of three copies of the following collated items:

1. the completed application cover sheet,

2. a résumé, or brief biography, and

3. an application essay as outlined below.


In addition, it must include two letters of recommendation as described below.


The application cover sheet

The application cover sheet must be filled out online at this address: 


Please fill it out online as directed by the prompts. When you are finished, be sure to click on the “submit” button.  Print out the cover sheet and add it to your application package.  At this point you will be asked if you want to fill out a cover sheet for another project.  If you do, follow the prompts and select another project and then print out the cover sheet for that project.  Note that filling out a cover sheet is not the same as applying, so there is no penalty for changing your mind and filling out cover sheets for several projects.  A full application consists of the items listed above, as sent to a project director.       



Please include a résumé or brief biography detailing your educational qualifications and professional experience.  


The Application Essay

The application essay should be no more than four double spaced pages.  It should address reasons for applying; the applicant's interest, both academic and personal, in the subject to be studied; qualifications and experiences that equip the applicant to do the work of the seminar or institute and to make a contribution to a learning community; a statement of what the applicant wants to accomplish by participating; and the relation of the project to the applicant's professional responsibilities.  


• Applicants to seminars should be sure to discuss any independent study project that is proposed beyond the common work of the seminar.  

• Applicants to institutes may need to elaborate on the relationship between institute activities and their responsibilities for teaching and curricular development. 


Reference Letters

The two referees may be from inside or outside the applicant’s home institution.  They should be familiar with the applicant's professional accomplishments or promise, teaching and/or research interests, and ability to contribute to and benefit from participation in the seminar or institute. Referees should be provided with the director's description of the seminar or institute and the applicant's essay.   Applicants who are current graduate students should secure a letter from a professor or advisor.  Please ask each of your referees to sign their name across the seal on the back of the envelope containing their letter, and enclose the letters with your application.  



Completed applications should be submitted to the project director and should be postmarked no later than March 2, 2010.


Successful applicants will be notified of their selection on April 1, 2010, and they will have until April 5 to accept or decline the offer.  Applicants who will not be home during the notification period are advised to provide an address and phone number where they can be reached.  No information on the status of applications will be available prior to the official notification period.



Endowment programs do not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age.  For further information, write to the Equal Opportunity Officer, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20506.  TDD:  202/606-8282 (this is a special telephone device for the Deaf).

The housing/meal options are as follows:


  1. You may live in a comfortable, single-accommodation dormitory room sharing bathroom and shower with just one or at most, two other persons, for $35.00/day (approx. $1200 for the duration of the seminar). This includes all ordinary uses of Colgate facilities: library, athletic areas, pool, tennis courts, etc. Also, you may rent a set of linens and three towels for $8.00. You would be responsible for laundering them. (Of course, you may bring your own.) There are laundry facilities in the dormitory, as well as several spacious lounge areas and some meeting rooms. The dorms in question are right on campus, within a few minutes walk of the classroom buildings and the main library. The only cooking facility is a microwave and there is a full-size refrigerator. Persons choosing this option would need to take meals at the University dining hall or take meals ‘out’ or arrange to cook with someone living in a residence with a full kitchen. [This is most likely to be Cutten Hall.]
  2. You may live in a large house owned by the University. The house is a ‘theme’ house during the academic year, a place where several students with common interests live together. Inside, the house has single rooms and common bathrooms, and large, complete kitchen facilities. The house in question is like a quite large residence—a good-looking edifice within a few minutes walk of the center of the campus, arranged dormitory-style inside; (halls with about six or eight rooms on each floor). This option includes complete kitchen facilities but involves sharing a bathroom with more people than dormitory-option A. The cost will be the same as option A, and will include use of University facilities. Same arrangement with regard to linens and towels.
  3. If you are interested in pursuing rental possibilities through a local landlord, you may do so, by contacting the following landlords. [names and numbers will be provided soon] This gives you more privacy but may also locate you a little further from campus. Keep in mind that if you choose to live off-campus there will be a charge of about $20.00/day for use of University facilities (as indicated above in the breakdown of on-campus housing charges).


The town is small and nearly everything is within walking distance. Even off-campus properties are likely to be within a half-mile of campus. There is a large, new supermarket a bit more than one mile from campus, and there is a smaller but still full-service supermarket right in town, easily walkable from campus. Parking on campus is generally plentiful during summer and is free. You would just need to register with Campus Safety so they know you will have a car on campus.


There is adequate space in the dormitory for all members of the group to live there, eight persons per floor. If you wish to live in a ‘theme’ house, that option will be available as long as at least four or five people choose it. It would probably not be a good idea to have just a couple of people living apart from the rest of the group. In either case, because the rooms are single-occupancy, you will have privacy. If you choose to take meals in the University dining hall the prices are as follows:


Meal Prices: For about $25.00/day you may have three meals at the dining hall. You may purchase a meal card to simplify paying. You may put as much money on the card as you like, and swipe the card whenever you use it. Or you may pay cash. Meals are likely to cost about $5.00/B, $8.50/L, $12.00/D. Or, as indicated above, those living in a ‘theme’ house can cook there, and refrigerate and freeze foods there. Others who wish to eat there may do so, even if living in a dorm. The dorm and the ‘theme’ house will be about a ten-minute walk apart.


Other Relevant Information: Colgate will do its utmost to house seminar participants at a distance from whatever youth summer-programs are being held at the University. During summer there are music and athletic camps but seminar participants will not be sharing housing with any of those groups though they may be in adjacent buildings at least part of the time.


The main library underwent extensive renovation recently and there are several comfortable places to read and write. The library will not be open late into the evening during the summer.


There will be an NEH Summer Institute for School Teachers at Colgate, overlapping our seminar for the first four weeks. Institute participants may be living in some of the same housing as seminar participants and the two groups will get together for some informal social occasions. That should be a good way to meet some people and find others with like interests, with whom to share some free time, if you wish.


Colgate owns an excellent golf course (and there is good food in the clubhouse) about a mile from campus. You may play the course for the faculty/staff rate by showing a Colgate Summer ID card.


If you will be living in any of the university-owned residences you will probably want to bring at least a lamp or two so that you have adequate lighting for reading and writing. The dormitories are not air-conditioned but they should be quite comfortable. It usually cools off quite a bit at night here. You may want to bring a fan.


The area’s community hospital is in Hamilton, within walking distance of the campus. There are two pharmacies in town, and there are dentists in town as well as a number of medical specialists at the hospital.


Kosher food is available but in a very limited range. There is a natural-foods store right in town. There are several pizza restaurants and four or five other restaurants (including a very informal Chinese restaurant, a sushi restaurant, a Mexican restaurant, and a delicatessen). The town is not rich with high-quality eating establishments.


When you contact Ms. Getchonis or me, please let us know which of the housing/meals options is of most interest to you. At this early stage it is not necessary to secure definite preferences but it will be helpful to have an idea of what is of most interest to potential applicants/participants.


Shira Weiss                    Stern College Yeshiva U.                 shiraw03@aol.com            {Jewish Philosophy}

Jennifer Gurley              LeMoyne College                            gurleyja@lemoyne.edu      {English}

Thomas Nightingale        Kenyon College                              asselind@kenyon.edu         {Philosophy}

Justin Matchulat            Purdue University                            jmatchul@purdue.edu       {Philosophy}

Gregory Kaplan              Rice University                                gkaplan@rice.edu              {Religious Studies}

Roman Altshuler             SUNY Stonybrook                            raltshul@ic.sunysb.edu      {Philosophy}

Paul Camacho                 Villanova University                        paul.camacho@gmail.com  {Philosophy}

Joshua Parens                 University of Dallas                         parens@udallas.edu           {Philosophy}

Gregory McBrayer           Gettysburg College                          gregmcbrayer@gmail.com  {Pol.Sci.}

Zachary Starr                  Suffolk County Community College  starrz@sunysuffolk.edu      {Philosophy}

Michael Strawser             University of Central Florida           strawser@mail.ucf.edu       {Philosophy}

Audrey Anton                  Denison University                          alanton14@yahoo.com       {Philosophy}

Carl Schaffer                   University of Scranton                    cms380@scranton.edu        {English}

Gregg Stern                     UMass/ Amherst                             gstern@judnea.umass.edu  {Judaic and Near
                                                                                                                                      Eastern Studies}

Jeffrey Sackett                Suffolk Community College             Thothmose@aol.com         {Philosophy & History}

Scott Girdner                   Western Kentucky University           scott.girdner@gmail.com  {Religion}