Weekly Assignments/Tests

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                    WELCOME TO MRS. LOWDER'S
8th Grade Academic Block 
Film Studies (see below)
                                             December 15, 2017



                1) WEEKLY SPELLING TEST  LESSON # 15
                        **Study list and/or Word Wise Activity  Pretest - Wed/Final -Fri
            2) STUDY SYNC WORK - (go to CUSD.com, student tab, Connect Ed)
                        N/A - Argumentative Writing/Blackfish
                    First Read: Wednesday
                    Skills (Theme):  Thursday
                    Close Read:  Friday

                3) OTHER:  

-------------------------IMPORTANT LINKS--------------------

(Click on link - push arrow on the right to download the Unit)



                                 CONSTITUTION TEST (60 QUESTIONS/MULT. CHOICE):
                                            TUESDAY, DECEMBER 12TH

            2)  Bill of Rights Project - see packet for directions    Info for Notes:

The 10 Amendments and What They Protect

Bill of Rights Definition

The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments to the Constitution.  They protect the rights of private citizens.


The First Amendment: Basic Liberties (I)

The First Amendment is perhaps the most important part of the Bill of Rights. It protects five of the most basic liberties. They are freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and freedom to petition the government to right wrongs. These were the guarantees that the Antifederalists missed most in the new Constitution.

 R - Freedom of Religion. Freedom of religion means that the government may not force you to accept one set of religious beliefs nor may it interfere with the way you worship.

 A - Freedom of Assembly. This freedom makes it possible for Americans to join clubs or political parties, even if those groups represent unpopular views. Because of the First Amendment, people can join groups to promote animal rights, the nuclear freeze, or conservation.. By sharing common interests, Americans can learn to work together.

S - Freedom of Speech. This freedom entitles American citizens to say what they think, provided they do not intentionally hurt someone else's reputation by making false accusations. Neither may they make irresponsible statements deliberately harmful to others, such as yelling, "Fire!" in a crowded theater when there is no fire. Freedom of speech enables people to state their opinions openly to try to convince others to change their minds.

P - Freedom of the Press. This freedom makes it possible for Americans to keep informed about what is going on in government. Reporters and editors can criticize the government without the risk of punishment, provided they do not deliberately tell lies. The Internet, newspapers, magazines, and books, as well as television and movie scripts, do not have to be submitted for government inspection before they are published. This censorship would violate the First Amendment.


The Second Amendment: The Right to Bear Arms (II)

The Second Amendment guarantees individual states the right to maintain "a well regulated militia," and citizens the right to "keep and bear arms." Because criminals often used unlicensed weapons to hurt others, some people have urged the national government to control the sale of guns. Other people have argued that gun control is a violation of the Second Amendment.


The Third Amendment: Housing Troops (III)

The Third Amendment pledges that in peacetime, citizens will never have to keep soldiers in their homes without consenting. Before the Revolution, the British forced Americans to provide lodging and food for their troops. The colonists bitterly resented this intrusion on their privacy as well as the cost of feeding hungry soldiers.


The Fourth Amendment: Searchers and Seizure (IV)

The Fourth through Eighth Amendments concern the rights of people suspected of crime. The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from improper searches of their bodies, possessions, or homes. It requires that a detailed warrant be issued by a judge listing what can be searched. There has to be a good reason for the search.


The Fifth Amendment: Rights of the Accused, Due Process of the Law, and Eminent Domain (V)

Rights of the Accused. The Fifth Amendment protects the rights of anyone accused of a crime. It assumes that everyone is innocent until proven guilty. In some countries, exactly the opposite is true. Suspects must prove that they are innocent. When a person is accused of a crime for which the punishment could be death, the Fifth Amendment requires that a "grand jury" look at the charges before that person can be brought trial.  The Fifth Amendment also states that the person cannot be tried twice for the same crime.

The section of the Fifth Amendment that has received the most publicity is the guarantee against "self-incrimination." This means people cannot be forced to testify against themselves. Under the Fifth Amendment, law enforcement officials must produce the evidence necessary to convict a person of a crime. The accused person cannot be made to provide it. .

Due Process of the Law. Another section of the Fifth Amendment holds that "no one can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law." In other words, the government must follow certain legal procedures before deciding on a penalty. It can't jail a person because it suspects that the person committed a crime. It must prove the accusation by following certain rules and methods. However, "due process of law" is a rather vague and general term. As times have changed, so has its meaning.

Eminent Domain. Finally, the Fifth Amendment requires the government to pay citizens when it takes over their property for a public use. The government's right to take this property is called "eminent domain." Suppose the state wanted to build a highway which would run right through your residence. It would have to pay the owners a reasonable price for the property.


The Sixth Amendment: Fair and Speedy Trials (VI)

The Sixth Amendment provides more requirements for a fair trial in criminal cases. It guarantees a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury in the area where the crime was committed. The defendant must be able to question the accusers and to force favorable witnesses to testify. The accused has a right to a lawyer.

 Wouldn't you want a chance to prove your innocence? This is why the Sixth Amendment is so important.


The Seventh Amendment: Jury Trials (VII)

The Seventh Amendment guarantees that Americans will receive a jury trial in civil (as opposed to criminal) cases involving property worth more than $20. Today, however, people do not bring such cases to federal courts unless a much larger sum of money is involved.


The Eighth Amendment: Bails, Fines, and Punishments (VIII)

The Eighth Amendment protects people from having to pay unreasonably high "bail" in order to be released from prison before they go to trial. Bail is money given to pledge that a person accused of a crime will appear for trial. The Eighth Amendment also protects people from unreasonably high fines. Finally, it outlaws cruel and unusual punishment. This requirement, as well as the Fifth Amendment's guarantee against self-incrimination, protects citizens from the use of torture. Some people have argued that the death penalty is a form of cruel and unusual punishment.


The Ninth Amendment: Reserved Powers (IX)

The last two amendments address the liberties of citizens and the rights of states. The Ninth Amendment states that the Constitution and the Bill of Rights do not define all of the fundamental rights people have. Such rights exist whether or not they are defined.


The Tenth Amendment:  Reserved Powers (X)

The Tenth Amendment makes a similar claim concerning the rights of the states. It holds that the states and the people have powers that are set aside and not listed item by item. These powers are called "reserved powers."






**Please see Mrs. Lowder and the orange make-up folder for missing work  

                                                                FILM STUDIES


CURRENTLY VIEWING Titanic (edited)

Just Finished: Star Wars

If you missed part/all of the movie....log on to IMDB.com and read summary, etc.



Type on Google Docs and Share with me!


FILM REVIEW FORM                                                   


Name: ________________________________________

Movie Title: ___________________________________

Genre: _____________________________






Who was your favorite character and why:

Would you recommend this movie to someone else?  Why or Why Not?