Mrs. Wheeler's Class‎ > ‎Science‎ > ‎Georgia Habitats‎ > ‎

Wetlands

Slideshow



Geographic Features

The state's lowest elevations and its highest percentage of wetlands—an area of land that is wet all or most of the timeincluding tidal salt and brackish marshes, bottomland hardwood swamps, and the Okefenokee—are found in the Lower Coastal Plain. The topography of the Lower Coastal Plain is generally low, flat, and swampy where it borders the Atlantic. The soil is usually wet and spongy. 


Plants

The Okefenokee Swamp is obviously a very wet, mucky place to be! Most trees would drown in this habitat, but not the Cypress- it loves all that muck! You can also find slash and loblolly pine here.

At the edge of the marsh, the maritime forest begins. The transition from marsh to forest is abrupt. Canopies of Georgia's mature maritime forest are dominated by live oaks festooned with Spanish moss. Other large canopy trees include southern magnolias, pines, and cabbage palms. Pine stands are usually found in the younger, southern ends and ocean sides of the island forests. The trees often are intertwined with woody vines. Forming the forest understory are shrubs and such smaller trees as American holly, cherry laurel, redbay, saw palmetto, sparkleberry, wax myrtle, and yaupon holly.

Many wetlands plants, such as waterlilies, have long stems that grow under water. 

Animals

Since mosquitoes need warm temperatures and water in which to lay their eggs. The swamps are a perfect habitat for the little blood-suckers! Ouch! 

That muck is also a great habitat for American Alligators. They call the swamps home!

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