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Geographic Features

The Piedmont is farther south, so the temperature is warmer than in the mountains. The Piedmont land consists of rolling hills, lakes, and rivers. Atlanta is in the Piedmont, making it the highest populated region of Georgia. Why do so many people like this region?

The Georgia Piedmont lies between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Upper Coastal Plain. The plateau of the Piedmont region has been formed largely on the edges of steeply upturned and altered rocks. Topographically, the Piedmont is made up of low hills and narrow valleys. The worn-down rocks of the Piedmont region pass below the sedimentary rocks of the Atlantic Coastal Plain for more than 150 miles from the fall line. Rocks in the Piedmont are frequently overlaid by a thick layer of decomposed rock called saprolite, which is the red clay of Georgia.


The original forests of the southern Piedmont consisted of oak and hickory trees. Once people moved to the Piedmont they cut down many of these trees. One of the very few forests remaining is located at Fernbank Forest (pictured) in Atlanta. Yellow poplars make up 20 percent of the forest trees and are large, exceeding 50 centimeters in diameter. White oak, northern red oak, black oak, and post oak, and several species of hickories are found in the Piedmont. You will also find sweet gums, beeches, maples, elms, and birches near the rivers that flow through the Piedmont. 


Near the Chattahoochee River and Lake Lanier, we might find some interesting critters! Water makes a great habitat! Snapping turtles, beavers, and river otters thrive in the Piedmont Region.  Shoal bass, sunfish, and catfish live in the rivers. 

The Piedmont is home to birds like the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (pictured) and the Mourning Dove.

 The Piedmont is also home to white-tailed deer and coyote. They are being forced out of their wooded habitats by humans. Have you seen a deer or coyote?

Other mammals include chipmunks, squirrels, and white-footed mice.